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 1 Assessing Youth Knowledge and Attitude about HIV AIDS in Bandung CityYanti Shantini, Jajat S. Ardiwinata, Purnomo Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract HIV AIDS information as a sexually transmitted disease has been known by the community for a long time, it is the result of efforts made by the government and society to prevent the spread of this sexually transmitted disease. The descriptive quantitative study in this study total 163 respondents and data collection technique using questionnaire, examined adolescent knowledge about HIV / AIDS in urban areas, to find out the adolescent knowledge of HIV AIDS and how they behaved against people with AIDS. Based on the results of the research conducted through surveys and interviews in 2 sub-districts in Bandung, it was found that the adolescents understanding of HIV AIDS was in good criterion, with indicators to understand the definition of HIV / AIDS and its consequences (84%), and how to prevent the spread of HIV (88% ). Meanwhile, adolescent attitudes toward people with HIV / AIDS are included in the moderate category (40% -69%), with adolescent attitude indicators responding to people living with HIV / AIDS (63%), respect (65%). Based on the results of this study, illustrates that the level of adolescent knowledge about HIV / AIDS is not directly proportional to the attitude of adolescents to people living with HIV / AIDS, this raises a negative or discriminatory stigma against people living with HIV. Topic: Academic research projects 2 PREVENTION OF PLAGIARISM ACTIVITIES IN STUDENTS FINAL ASSIGNMENTHana Silvana, Gema Rullyana, Angga Hadiapurwa Indonesia University of Education Abstract Prevention of Plagiarism Activities in Students Final Assignment This research was motivated by the plagiarism issue in academic life especially in Higher Education. The main issue discussed in this research is: How can plagiarism be prevented in the students’ final assignment? This research was conducted to identify the patterns and strategies in preventing plagiarism in students’ final paper. To this end, descriptive method was utilized. The respondents of this study were lecturers and university students. Through descriptive analysis on the plagiarism in the students’ final paper, it was expected that it may positively contribute to and identify the more effective patterns and strategies in preventing plagiarism among the students. Topic: Academic research projects 3 THE CORELATION BETWEEN CONCEPTUAL MASTERY AND SCIENCE LITERACY ABILITY ON TEMPERATURE AND CALORIC MATERIAL IN GRADE XI SMAN 9 JENEPONTORiskawati Malang State University Jl. Semarang No.5, Sumbersari, Kec. Lowokwaru, Kota Malang, Jawa Timur 65145, Indonesia Abstract This research is a "quantitative research" which aims to describe and understand the relationship between conceptual mastery and science literacy ability on temperature and caloric material in grade XI SMAN 9 Jeneponto. Conceptual mastery is measured by knowledge indicator of Blooms revised Anderson and Krathwohl taxonomy, C1-C5 while science literacy ability is classified into 5 categories: SI, NSL, FSL, CSL, MSL. Data were obtained through questionnaire and observation from 30 students. Based on quantitative descriptive analysis it is found that learners are mostly in the NSL category and have conceptual mastery at C3 level. Based on the correlation analysis obtained that there is a positive relationship between conceptual mastery and science literacy ability. Topic: Academic research projects 4 Menilai Pengetahuan dan Sikap Remaja di Kota Bandung akan HIV AIDSYanti Shantini, Jajat S. Ardiwinata, Purnomo Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Informasi HIV AIDs sebagai penyakit menular seksual telah diketahui oleh masyarakat sejak lama, hal tersebut merupakan hasil dari upaya telah dilakukan oleh pemerintah maupun masyarakat untuk mencegah menyebarnya penyakit seksual ini. Studi kuantitatif deskriptif pada penelitian ini, meneliti pengetahuan remaja tentang HIV/AIDS di perkotaan, untuk mengetahui pengetahuan remaja akan HIV AIDS dan bagaimana mereka bersikap terhadap penderita AIDS. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilaksanakan melalui survey dan wawancara di 2 Kecamatan di Kota Bandung diperoleh temuan bahwa pemahaman remaja akan HIV AIDS berada pada kriteria baik, dengan indikator memahami pengertian HIV/AIDS dan akibatnya (84%), serta cara mencegah penyebaran HIV (88%). Sedangkan, sikap remaja terhadap pengidap HIV/AIDS termasuk pada kategori sedang (40%-69%), dengan indikator sikap remaja menyikapi pengidap HIV/AIDS (63%), sikap menghargai (65%). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut, menggambarkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan remaja tentang HIV/AIDS tidak berbanding lurus atau sejalan dengan sikap remaja terhadap pengidap HIV/AIDS, hal ini memunculkan stigma negative atau diskriminatif terhadap para pengidap HIV. Topic: Academic research projects 5 STUDENT’S SELF DEVELOPMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATIONNunu Heryanto, Purnomo, Viena R. Hasanah. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Students as generation of hope of the nation, young people who have great potential in applying scientific, of course, tend to be motivated by the young age, in the age of transition from juvenile stage to the adult stage. Thus, students are also thick with dynamism and attitudes that objective, systematic and rational. This research done for 6 months (1 semester) to students in the 1st semester in the Department of Society Education in Faculty of Science Education in Indonesia University of Education, the approach of this research is quantitative descriptive. This research aim to reveal behavior or habits that enrich the student’s academic climate with seven habits indicators and efforts that is needed to be done in the context of self-development. The number of respondents is 64 students. The results shows that the lowest score is in “be proactive” indicator with the attitude that shows “commitment and responsibility”, and other indicators of the seven habits is in good category. This aspect influenced by the group climate and the role of the leader in the group that was too democratic, so the group was uncontrolled. As a new college student (first semester), they not find yet about the pattern of the good communication in the group, they are still looking for the click (small groups ) that separates themselves. Besides that, there are students that still on adaptation process in the groups. Implication from this research is the necessity of knowing college student’s behavior in the first semester, in order to be able to mapping, addressing potential self-college student and self-concept should be built well. Topic: Academic research projects 6 MINANGKABAU KINSHIP IN NOVEL BY MARAH RUSLI AND NOVEL BY MUHAMMAD SUBHAN: AN INTERTEXTUAL STUDYSyofiani Padang: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Bung Hatta University. Abstract The purposes of this research were to describe: (1) the structure and Minangkabau’s kinship of Memang Jodoh novel by Marah Rusli and Rinai Kabut Singgalang novel by Muhammad Subhan; (2) comparison of the structure and Minangkabau’s kinship in Memang Jodoh with Rinai Kabut Singgalang. In this research the researcher used descriptive qualitative with intertextual approach method. The step in analyzing data, the researcher used; (1) classifying and describing the structure of the data, and Minangkabau’s kinship between those novels; (2) interpreting the relation of structure and Minangkabau’s khinsip between those novels; (3) formulating conclusions based on interpretation relation between those novels. The result of the research showed the contradictory of intertextual relationship. The similarityi those novels appeared on social themes of Minangkabau marriage custom, characterization; both main characters against Minangkabau costumes, and background of place which was located in Padang, Bukittinggi, and Jakarta. The difference was on groove and time difference in the story was approximately 90 years. Minangkabau kinship was discussed by Memang Jodoh first, then it was opposed by Rinai Kabut Singgalang. It can be concluded that Memang Jodoh is the hipogram and Rinai Kabut Singgalang is the transformation. Topic: Academic research projects 7 MODEL OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT BASED ON THE EARLY COMPETENCY TEST IN SURAKARTASofyan Anif (a*), Anam Sutopo (b*) Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta Abstract ABSTRACT Act No. 14/ 2005 about Teachers and Lecturers and PP (Government Decree) No 74/2008 about Teachers give an instruction to the government to certify on-going-occupation teachers of all courses in requirements. Based on the survey of Directorate General of PMPTK in 2009/, however, the program of certification couldn’t have developed teachers’ competency and professionalism significantly so that it does not positively take an effect on teachers’ performance development. The study aims to describe a model of biology teachers’ professional competency development based on the early competency test (UKA) in Surakarta. The procedure of research development used R & D model developed by Borg & Gall (2007), and then simplified by Samsudi (2009; 92) into three main stage: 1) introduction, 2) development, and 3) validation for finding a model. The introduction of the study empirically analyzed a model of professional competency development through Biology MGMP, called as factual model nowadays and theoretically analyzed the relevant researchers. It employed a survey approach while the instrument was questionnaires. The respondents or informants with purposive sampling were the heads of LPMP – Provincial Central Java, Education Agency of Regency/Mayor, Principals, the Committees of Biology MGMP, and Biology Teachers. In the stage of development, the researcher formulated an early development; then it was analyzed and matched with the relevant theories for making a model design developed in the form of Figure or Model Figure after validated through focus group discussion (FGD). The results of the study stated that a model of biology teachers’ professional competency based on the early competency test included the following characters: 1) implementing a model began with a competency test; 2) the activities reflected the aspect of continuing professional development (CDP); 3) the supervision was periodically realized by principals or course teachers); 4) giving feed-back for the next development was based on the evaluation; and 5) the speakers of Higher Education with relevant sciences were involved in the activities. Topic: Best Practice of Teacher Education Model 8 MODEL PEMBELAJARAN EMPOWERING 8 UNTUK MENINGKATKAN LITERASI INFORMASI SISWA SEKOLAH DASARBabang Robandi, Nerifa PGSD UPI Abstract Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya literasi informasi siswa kelas IV sekolah dasar. Dalam dunia pendidikan saat ini, siswa dituntut untuk bisa mengorganisasikan dan menemukan informasi sebagai pengetahuan secara mandiri dan menerapkan prinsip-prinsip pendidikan seumur hidup. Partisipan penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas IVA yang berjumlah 20 orang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mendeskripsikan proses pembelajaran dengan menerapkan model empowering 8 untuk meningkatkan literasi informasi siswa kelas IV SD; dan (2) menganalisis peningkatan literasi informasi siswa kelas IV SD setelah menerapkan model empowering 8. Penelitian dilaksanakan melalui dua siklus dengan menggunakan desain penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) Kemmis & Taggart. Selain itu, penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian mix methods desain concurrent triangulation (campuran kuantitatif dan kualitatif secara seimbang). Pengolahan data yang digunakan adalah analisis data kuantitatif menggunakan statistik deskriptif dan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan literasi informasi siswa setelah penerapan model empowering 8. Pada Siklus I sebanyak 70% siswa sudah memiliki kemampuan literasi informasi dengan nilai rata-rata kelas 70,25 dan mengalami peningkatan menjadi 100% dengan nilai rata-rata kelas 95 pada siklus II. Dari hasil tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa model empowering 8 dapat meningkatkan literasi informasi siswa kelas IV SD. Topic: Best Practice of Teacher Education Model 9 The Improvement Writing Explanation Text through the Implementation of Text Structure Mapping StrategyLilik Binti Mirnawati University Muhammadiyah of Surabaya Abstract This research is attempted is to describe the implementation of teaching writing explanation text by using text structure mapping strategy learning and to investigate the improvement of students’ skills in writing explanation text through the implementation of text structure mapping strategy. This research is conducted in CAR with two cycles: cycle I and cycle II. Each cycle focuses on the learning process of writing explanation text using a text structure mapping strategy. Each cycle consists of several stages, namely the stage of planning, implementation, observation, and evaluation. The data are collected through observation and learning achievement test. Based on the observation result, the percentage of the implementation of learning activity in the first cycle is 94,17% and the second cycle is 97,08%. The percentage of both cycles indicates that the implementation of learning is very good or optimal. Based on the test results, there is an increase in students’ skills in writing explanation. This improvement can be seen from the average score obtained by students at the end of each cycle. In the initial test the average score of writing explanation text is 65.71%. The average score in the cycle I is 70%, and the cycle II is 77.14%. Topic: Best Practice of Teacher Education Model 10 Simulation-Praxis-Collaborative Lecture Method Design For Students’ Self Regulation DevelopmentPupun Nuryani, Ani Hendriani Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia Pedagogic Department, Elementary School Teacher Education Program Faculty of Education Abstract Abstract : This research aims to explain simulation-praxis-collaborative based lecture method design. This method is designed to develop students self-regulation in the integrated learning lecture of PGSD (Primary Teacher Education) department of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. The self-regulation is the ability to generate and monitor one’s own thoughts, feelings and behaviors to achieve a goal. The purpose of self-regulation in this study is that students are able to plan, implement and evaluate integrated learning well. Pattern of self-regulation in this study is using the revealing tool in the form of reflective journals that include questions related to the determination of normative goals, self-assessment, attribution, and self-reactions (solute effort). Simulation-Praxis-Collaborative learning method is a learning method that emphasizes collaborative reflection among students, observers, and lecturers in integrated learning course. Reflected object is the performance simulation of integrated learning practice. The method of this research is R & D, and is currently entering the validation stage of the learning model by the Education Experts. After the design of the learning model is validated, the next step is to test the hypothetical learning model on a limited scale. This research has a theoretical and practical significance. Theoretically, this research helps to enrich the scientific literature of pedagogy lectures on PGSD study program. Practically, this study provides an alternative method of lectures that can improve student’s self-regulation ability. Topic: Best Practice of Teacher Education Model 11 Opportunities and Challenges of Peer Study Program for Teachers College Students: a Case StudySiane Indriani, S.S., M. Pd. Pelita Harapan University Abstract In order to face the 21st century challenges, Teachers College students are prepared to become critical and creative thinkers through variety of collaborative works with their peers. Although peer study provides opportunities for each individual to practice their critical and creative thinking to solve problems, there were some critical issues arise during the process. This study is using a case study research method involving 20 tutors, tutees and teachers and data were collected from observations, interviews, and self-reflections will be analyzed descriptively using triangulation technique. It was found that the peer study program resulted in the increasing of learning potentials among tutors and greater chance to review and deepen the learnt materials among tutees. Unfortunately, there has been lack of sense of belonging to a developing community of learning. This study examines opportunities and challenges found along the process of peer study and then how they impact the students’ attitude towards learning. There should be more intentional and clarity in developing the learning community evolved among students and teachers. Topic: Collaboration models in educational and research 12 The Cooperative Experiential Learning Model Based on Soft Skill and Hard Skill in Improving Trainees Competence at the Beauty Course InstituteWiwin Herwina Department of Non formal Education, Siliwangi University Jalan Siliwangi No. 24 Tasikmalaya 46115, West Java Indonesia Abstract Abstract Cooperative Learning need in group study give more experience to improve the hard skills and soft skills of trainees are increasing. The trainees are not only conduct a series of activities on the learning process together. The purpose of this research is to develop cooperative experiential learning model based on soft skill and hard skill in improving the competence of trainees at beauty course institute. The research method uses an effective R & D for use in the scope of education. Research samples amounted to 40 trainees. The results showed that the ability of the trainees both hard skills and soft skills are quite diverse. There is a high enough competency gap. Basic values of cooperative learning and experiential learning are needed to improve learning completeness with low competency variation gaps among trainees. Cooperative experiential learning models based on soft skills and hard skills offer sustainable cooperative, experience and learning practices based on values that are rooted in peoples lives. The conclusion of the research is the approach model based on the principle of cooperation, experience and learning to improve hard skill and soft skill in improving trainees competence in beauty course institute. Topic: Collaboration models in educational and research 13 COMMUNICATION POLICY MANAGEMENT OF THE CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN INDONESIADeni Darmawan (a*), Didi Supriadie (b), Muthia Alinawati (c) (a) Curriculum and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, email: ddarmawan[at]upi.edu. (b) Curriculum and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, email: didisupriadie[at]upi.edu. (c) Curriculum and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, email: alinawati[at]upi.edu. Abstract Implementation Curriculum 2013 at the level of schooling is a shared goal. The schools success in accepting the package of policies up to the work program packages that support the implementation of the 2013 curriculum is the most accurate feature of the success of the policy of quarreling. Many factors influence the smooth flow of curriculum implementation policies to be able to be defined as a management and implementation and even evaluation of curriculum programs at the level of school. This research uses Survey Explanation method. These factors include communication settings that provide clarity in communication management, ranging from communication aspects of curriculum program planning, communication settings of curriculum program implementation, communication media, and actors who become the role of management functions of all curriculum policies themselves. The research was conducted at 9 province off all Education office in Indonesia, the population is the implementation of curriculum stakeholders of 2013, head of the department, Head of Sub-district, UPT, Supervisor and Principal. The results show that the implementation of the 2013 curriculum is influenced by the clarity of the communication management policy factors played by stakeholders at the Education Office level. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 14 Privasi and Self Presentation in Social MediaF.Fridayanti, Anjani Pratiwi and Fenti Hikmawati UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Abstract Self-presentation in social media has become a phenomenon in the digital era today, especially in the student as adolescents. This study aims to examine the effect of teen privacy on self-presentation in social media. Total Subjects in this study as many as 189 students of high school students, with details of 139 female students and 50 male students. The average age of the subject is 16.6 years. Data collection using survey method with the instrument in the form of two questionnaires namely The Social Preference Questionnaire (SPQ) and The Efficacious Self-Presentation Scale (ESS). Data were analyzed using simple linear regression analysis technique. The results of this study show that there is a significant effect of privacy toward self-presentation in social media, with a negative direction of influence. This result indicate that the more student have the privacy, the more tthe students self-presentation. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 15 A critical analysis of Cambodia’s policy for integrating information technology in education using Human Capital Theory and GlobalizationTeri Ham UCL-Institute of Education Abstract The integration of information, communication, and technology (ICT) is a popular trend in contemporary educational practices (Tsai & Chai, 2012), but does this approach make sense for developing countries? This paper provides an in-depth critique of the Cambodia’s Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MOEYS) decision to become an early adopter of ICT development in education. By employing the human capital theory (HCT) and globalization perspectives, a critical analysis of Cambodia’s ICT in education policy design and approach is conducted and is used to ascertain key points that national policymakers may consider as they fine-tune future policy revisions. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 16 mPatch: Microlearning Application in a Multimedia Environment to Enhance Students LearningNordiana Ludin, Prof. Dr. Mai Neo, Heidi Tan Yeen-Ju Multimedia University, Malaysia (MMU) Abstract Lessons are often being taught in a long length of information, which leads to the concern of holding and capturing considerable attention from the students’ and having them to engage throughout the lesson. This paper presents the development of microlearning application in a multimedia environment built within microlearning dimensions and outlined by Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction to enhance learning understanding amongst undergraduate students. Student feedback was gathered and indicated a positive response towards the microlearning approach found within the multimedia-riched environment. Students’ motivation, understanding were enhanced in the learning environment, which supports the use of microlearning application through web and mobile devices access in a technology integrated classroom in higher education institutions. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 17 The Phenomenon of Kuliah WhatsApp: Online Writing Mentoring Program in IndonesiaSusanti Agustina Information and Library Science, Faculty of education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This research will reveal the reality of informal education in the form of mentoring writing by mentor mentee against online. The research will answer some questions about the phenomenon of Kuliah What Apps, and whoever the person is specifically linked to online writing mentoring? How does the Online writing Mentoring affects the behavior of the studied individuals involved? , and what changes the mentee feels after classes online writing mentoring? How to Write an Online Mentoring program mentee follow affect others around the mentee? What a feeling that arises when the following Mentoring program Write Online? What a Mentee think with regards to Online writing Mentoring program? What changes and circumstances which Mentee can remember when following Mentoring program Write Online?. Key informant research in phenomenology it is 5 people the mentee was directly involved in Mentoring program Write Online. Key informants consist of 3 people, the principal, vice principal of the virtual and a mentor. The method to be used is the method of Phenomenology. Phenomenology method using observation, in-depth interviews (qualitative), and document analysis with the method of hermeneutik. Eventually this research will describe the experience of the reality of the present terait the phenomenon of distance learning online using android applications which name Whats App. The findings from this research will have implications for education technology. Forward concepts lectures Whats App will be oriented towards education for all, which can be adapted by the formal education, non-formal or informal. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 18 DESIGN OF INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA BASED IPS LEARNING MODULE USING CTL APPROACH BASED ON STUDENT TENDENCY RESPONSE IN THE USE OF LEARNING MODULE IN GRADE IVAde Sri Madona Elementary School Teacher Education, FKIP, Bung Hatta University, Padang, Indonesia adesrimadona[at]gmail.com Abstract IPS learning modules based on interactive multimedia using the CTL approach can be interpreted as teaching materials as a tool that can be used by teachers and students in learning. The use of interactive multimedia for IPS teaching material aims to develop the ability to think and improve students attitude toward learningIPS. This research is development research (research & development). The research is limited to the design of IPS modules based on interactive multimedia. The first phase is to analyze the need to design an interactive multimedia-based IPS module for fourth grade students in 5 elementary schools in Padang Timur sub-district in academic year 2016/2017. Need Analysis is conducted through questionnaire response tendency in using module for learning. Then the questionnaire is used as a reference in designing the IPS learning module, after that new interactive module design are designed. The result of the research is the design of IPS module based on interactive multimedia using CTL approach on pogram android Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 19 The Assesment of Instructional Media Feasibility at Vocational SchoolS.Sriadhi, Syawal Gultom, R.Restu Universitas Negeri Medan Abstract This study is aimed at evaluating the feasibility of instructional media which is a determinant of the learning quality, particularly in the field of vocational technology. The study was carried out at Vocational School of Technology of North Sumatra Province involving 214 teachers as respondents in three groups namely SB, SC, and SE. Media feasibility analysis refers to the criteria of Alessi and Trollip. The results of the study indicates that SB teachers used the most media in comparison with SC teachers and SE teachers, and the most widely used form of visual media compared to video, media miniatures and animation. The overall media usage only fulfilled 46% of ideal requirements, and the animation medium was considered to be the least adequate miniature media, video and visual media. From the feasibility aspect, suplementary information is the lowest compared to other aspects while the pedagogy aspect is the highest. The overall average media feasibility is low (52%). The findings of this study reinforces the results of previous studies that lack of instructional media leads to lower learning outcomes. The study recommends greater attention to develop instructional media as needed, especially animation for the effective learning process and the improvement of education Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 20 Validity and Practicality test on Social Studies Learning Module-Based Interactive Multimedia by Employing CTL Approach for Elementary StudentsYulfia Nora1, Ade Sri Madona1 , Selfa Idriani2 1Pendidikan Elementary School Teachers,Guidance and Counseling, Bung Hatta University, Padang, Indonesia 2Pendidikan English, Guidance and Counseling, Bung Hatta University, Indonesia yulfianora[at]yahoo.com, adesrimadona[at]gmail.com, idrianis[at]yahoo.com Abstract The research was an attempt to determine the validity and practicality of Social Studies learning module based interactive multimedia by using CTL approach for elementary students. This research was carried out in the form of development research. The results of validity test analysis on multimedia devices on the content aspect was obtained the average score 3.56, the average of construct aspect was of 3.18 and the average of language aspect was 3.67. The average of those three aspects was 3.47 that hits a valid category. The result of practicality of Social Studies learning modules based interactive multimedia was obtained an average score 3.56 which it includes in the category of very practical. Briefly, Social Studies learning modules-based interactive multimedia by employing CTL got valid and very practical in learning. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 21 DEVELOPMENT OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA FOR TEACHING BAHASA INDONESIA THROUGH INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA BASED ON RESPONSE OF TRENDS IN USING INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA BY THE PARENTS AND TEACHERS DURING THE LEARNING PROCESSHasnul Fikri1, Ade Sri Madona2, Yulfia Nora2 1 Indonesian Education, FKIP, Bung Hatta University, Padang, Indonesia 2The Elementary School Teacher Education, FKIP, Bung Hatta University, Padang, Indonesia Hasnul_ubh[at]yahoo.com Adesrimadona[at]bunghatta.ac.id Yulfia_nora[at]yahoo.com Abstract The use of interactive-based instructional materials for teaching Bahasa Indonesia enables students to develop their cognitive skills. The current research is a development study which consists of four steps: definition, design, development, and dissemination. The definition stage is conducted based on the needs analysis, both for students and for teachers. Data were collected using student response questionnaire. The purpose of the needs analysis was to determine the tendency of student and teacher response to use instructional media. Subjects in this research are students of grade V SD Padang Timur academic year 2016/2017. The result of the of the research shows that the tendency of teacher and student response to the use of instructional media for leaning Bahasa Indonesia are diverse. The analysis of tendency using media by teacher indicates that basically, the teachers have positive response toward the benefits of using instructional media, while the tendency of students show their interest in using instructional media since they can access the media via the android program. Based on the analysis of the requirement, it is designed interactive multimedia-based media for learning Bahasa Indonesia to be used by teachers and students, both at home and at school. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 22 Using Blended Inquiry Learning Combining Hands-On and Virtual Laboratory (VL) Instruction to support Secondary Schools Students learning Biology Experiment in IndonesiaHeru Setiawan Digital Learning Department, Faculty of Education, Monash University Australia Abstract Background: Three main problems faced by many high school laboratories in Indonesia are a lack of lab facilities, time-consuming, and challenging in checking students’ performance. However, laboratory experiment is necessary for Learning Biology. In the new curriculum of 2013, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is integrated into all subjects. It might support the implementation of virtual labs as an alternative solution to overcome the limitations of biology lab facilities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Virtual Laboratory instruction to enhance students’ conceptual knowledge and procedural knowledge compared to traditional class in Secondary Schools in Indonesia. Virtual laboratory is an experimentation using computer software simulation. Method: This study was a part of a larger design experiment examining the pedagogical potential of the Virtual laboratory in Indonesia. The control group learned through hands-on lab methods while the experimental group used blended learning which is the combination of Virtual Lab and hands-on experiment of the excretory system. The result shows that there was a significant difference between the control and experimental groups on the gains from the pre-to-post assessment of conceptual knowledge. In addition, there was a significant difference of students’ procedural knowledge between the group with an effect size of d = 0.64. Additionally, this study also suggests that a complementary approach, where virtual laboratory using computer as preliminary guidance and hands-on activities are integrated, could be a good technique for supporting student scientific understanding of biological experiment in the 21st century learning. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 23 Promoting Active Learning through the Use of Mobile TechnologyNadia Hanoum Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract In higher education, students are expected to be independent learners who are able to manage their own learning. However, the expectation is often far from reality because students tend to be passive during learning and depend much on their lecturers. It is therefore pertinent to promote active learning to university students in order to change their passive learning behaviours into active participation. For this purpose, the researcher used WhatsApp group as an alternative platform in which students could interact with their peers and lecturer and discuss learning materials in ways that were more flexible and convenient. This case study employed qualitative approach and collected its data from a sample of five students. The data was collected through interview and document analysis. The research found that students typically had positive responses to the use of mobile technology since it fit their lifestyle as digital generation. However, it was also found that although they could easily access multimedia (photos, video, audio and document files) uploaded to the WhatsApp group, learning materials in form of short videos and pictures with caption were more preferable than other media, which might prevent them to optimally gather and process information needed to construct their understanding of the given materials. The main finding of this research is that the use of WhatsApp group is able to build supportive learning environment that encourages students to actively construct their own knowledge and understanding, which lead to a more effective and independent learning. That is to say, WhatsApp group can be used to promote active learning behaviours because it relies on mobile technology which offers mobility and portability and therefore makes active learning more feasible and less demanding. Topic: Communication media and ict education for challenges 21st learning 24 PENGUATAN KAPASITAS LEMBAGA PKBM DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT MELALUI PEMETAAN DAN ANALISIS KOMPETENSI TUTOR PKBM DI WILAYAH BANDUNG RAYAAsep Saepudin PLS FIP UPI Abstract Penguatan kapasitas lembaga PKBM merupakan hal strategis dalam peningkatan mutu pendidikan nasional. Salah satu ujung tombak penataan mutu pendidikan pada lembaga PKBM adalah tenaga Tutor yang memiliki kompetensi baik. Untuk itu, penelitian ini dilakukan dalam upaya penataan dan pemetaan model penguatan kapasitas lembaga PKBM melalui pembinaan kompetensi tutor PKBM di wilayah Bandung Raya. Fokus penelitian diarahkan pada tiga hal yaitu: (1) mendeskripsikan model penguatan kapasitas lembaga PKBM di wilayah Bandung Raya, (2) menganalisis dan memetakan kompetensi tutor PKBM dalam menjalankan tugasnya, (3) menganalisis kebutuhan model pelatihan penguatan kompetensi Tutor pada lembaga PKBM. Subjek penelitan adalah pengelola, warga belajar, dan Tutor PKBM. Teori yang diajadikan rujukan adalah teori manajemen, teori sumber daya manusia, dan teori pelatihan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif, dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh adalah: pertama, model penguatan kapasitas lembaga PKBM di Wilayah Bandung Raya sangat bervariasi, bergantung kepada kebutuhan organisasi dengan memperhatikan efektifitas dan efisiensi pengelolaan lembaga. Umumnya model yang digunakan mendekati model pengelolaan partisipatif. Kedua, kompetensi tutor, dalam hal ini kompetensi pedagogik, sosial, profesional dan kepribadian tutor umumnya belum memadai, sehingga pelu peningkatan kompetensi sesuai standar. Ketiga, dibutuhkan pengembangan desain model pelatihan kompetensi tutor berdasakan hasil analisis kebutuhan peningkatan kompetensi tutur. Kesimpulan dari hasil penelitian adalah bahwa pengelolaan lembaga PKBM memerlukan peningatan mutu secara berkelanjutan melalui peningatan kompetensi tutornya. Untuk itu diperlukan model pelatihan yang efektif dalam meningkatkan kompetensi tutor PKBM di wilayah Bandung Raya. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 25 Recognizing student creativity in the Higher Education’s classroomLaksmi Dewi; M. Ridwan Sutisna Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Creativity is one of skills higher education institutions (HEIs) need to develop of the students to address challenges of the 21st century. Through the development of creativity, it is expected that students can meet the ever more complex demands of the workplaces. The identification of students’ creativity is necessary in order for the HEIs to be able to design an effective instructional program to develop it. This creativity identification is also needed to support the implementation of a product-oriented education. Based on the results of identification, it was revealed that generally students’ creativity could be said as being at the level “ordinary/routine”. The fluency aspect was at the highest level of creativity. It goes to say that students’ creativity could still be improved to the level of creative or very creative. It was also revealed that students relatively were unable to recognize the importance of a deep knowledge base and continual work to learn new things The strongest aspects were the openness to new ideas and the active search for new ideas. It can be concluded that there should be attempts from the lecturers to develop students’ creativity. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 26 DEVELOPMENT OF LABOR TRAINING MODEL IN IMPROVING WORKING COMPETENCY IN TOURISM IN PT SARI ATER RAYA SUBANGMOHAMMAD ASYHADI UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA Abstract ABSTRACT This study examines the efforts to develop a model of labor training in improving the competence of workers in the Company namely PT.Sari Ater Raya Subang. Empirically there is a very urgent learning need as a gap that must be overcome against the demands of Business standards and competency standards in the field of hospitality both nationally and region (ASEAN). Application of training models is one of the solutions to accelerate the achievement of current competencies. The focus of this research is how the application of labor training models in improving employee work competence in accordance with standard demands in PT. Sari Ater Raya Subang Regency of West Java? The development of the Manpower Training Model is based on the following theories and concepts: (1) The Concept of Non Formal Education, (2) The Concept of Human Resources, (3) The Concept of Competence Based Training, (4 (Key Performance Indicator) (5) Training Concepts and Structures. This research was designed with approach: Research and Development with descriptive method and experimental test using Nonequivalent Groups Pretest -Post Test Design model. Data analysis using qualitative and quantitative analysis model. The sample of experimental research using purposive sampling by determining one training program held at PT.Sari Ater Raya Subang, that is competency-based training of Ciater SPA Resort hotel staff that involves data source: one person manager, three instructor, and 40 0rang studying citizens. The findings of this research are: (1) Training Program "Food & Beverage" and "House Keepning" shows the positive impact to knowledge, attitude and skill that can encourage and develop the learning citizen to be able to perform their duties and responsibilities as employees, (2) Competence based on the growth of the capability that is actualized through the mastery of skills and performance in daily operations based on the quality of work (quality of work) has a good quality of work in several ways; Communication (communication skill), initiative, accuracy (promtness) (3) Development of Conceptual Model of Competency Based Training in Hospitality Training Program at PT. Sari Ater Raya Subang which is actively participated in making a significant contribution in establishing the feasibility of education and training model that can be implemented effectively and efficiently (4) The effectiveness of training model based on test result shows that in general the development of competency-based training model in the training program The competence in the hospitality field has been tested its feasibility through model quality analysis techniques, expert assessment, and field test. The conclusion of this research can be stated that the developed training model is considered effective for the improvement of work competence of employees in PT Sari Ater Raya Ciater Resort & SPA Subang. The implications of the research indicate that there is optimization, motivation, active participation both from all components of the training. Recommendations from this research can be used as an alternative training in improving the competence of the workforce in general. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 27 STRENGTHENING TEACHER COMPETENCE THROUGH LESSON STUDY: AN INDONESIAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL EXPERIENCEMoh Salimi*, Tri Saptuti Susiani, Suhartono Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia *salimi[at]staff.uns.ac.id Abstract Lesson Study is a collaborative action research approach which aims to improve the effectiveness of student learning by enhancing the professional competence of teachers (Cheng and Ling, 2013). Lesson Study in Indonesia evolved since 2004 in junior high schools. Until now developing in various levels of education ranging from elementary school to college. The purpose of this study focused on: (1) the competence to lesson planning; (2) the competence of the implementation of learning. Collecting data in this study using observation, interview and test. The results of this research are: (1) competence of learning plan has strengthening, especially making learning objectives, subject matter, learning activities and assessment; (2) competence to implement learning experience strengthening, especially introductory activity, demonstration, and guidance. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 28 REFLECTIVE LEARNING: TEACHERS’ FAILURE IN CHOOSING LEARNING METHOD IS ONE SOURCE OF STUDENTS’ LEARNING PROBLEM AND MISCONCEPTIONSandi Budi Iriawan Indonesia University of Education (UPI) Abstract Teachers’ Failure in Choosing Learning Method Is One Source of Students’ Learning Problem and Misconceptions. Reflection is a metacognitive activity done by teachers upon the completion of teaching learning process. Through this activity, teachers revisit the learning process based on the learning accomplishment and achievement. The accomplishment of learning objectives is subject to teachers’ responsibility in choosing appropriate method relevant to the course subject, learning materials based on its structures and students. Every course subject is so unique that require different learning approach (Subject Specific Pedagogic). In addition, the structure of learning materials in a course subject consist different characteristics involving factual, conceptual and procedural knowledge that requires the teacher to decide the appropriate learning method relevant to the learning material characteristics (Pedagogical Content Knowledge). Teachers’ failure in choosing appropriate learning method affect students learning achievement. This is indicated by students’ learning problem and misconceptions. Ideally, a teacher is supposed to recognize his students’ characteristics before the teaching learning process starts so that the teacher can identify students’ initial learning as the consideration in deciding prerequisites for the students. Students’ learning problem and misconception in prerequisite subject affects students learning achievement. This happens because there are some intertwinement among concepts in the learning process. Professional teachers will apply various method during the teaching learning process since they realize that the learning materials are different and unique. Therefore, the lesson plans prepared by the teacher is supposed to consider learning materials and method characteristics relevant to the learning material characteristics. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 29 DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A CAR AIR CONDITIONER SIMULATOR USING TWO PHASA EXPANDER EJECTOREnang Suma Arifianto, Ega Taqwali Berman, Purnawan, Mutaufiq Departmen Pendidikan Teknik Mesin, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This article describes the results of the design study of a car air conditioner simulators that use two phase expander ejector. This equipment is designed to meet the needs of students vocational training equipment in the field of refrigeration and automotive engineering. The simulator uses industry standard equipment that include the car air conditioner system components, internal combustion engine, and a two phase ejector device used as an expander. This research is focused on user friendly design for beginners and simulate some case examples of performance testing process of car ac system with various of engine rotation. Some examples of cases applied to this simulator is the performance test of the car air conditioner system that uses ejector and without ejector. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 30 THE INFLUENCE OF DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE PRACTICE TRAINING PROGRAM ON IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION TEACHERS’ PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCEFitri Pertiwi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The background of this study is the weak of early childhood education teachers’ pedagogical competence that shown by the data of Competence First Test result who’s conducted by the Ministry of Education and Culture which showed that early childhood education teachers’ pedagogical competence is 58,87 of the limit value set by the government is 70. That number shows that early childhood education teachers’ have low pedagogical competence. Some factors that relevant to early childhood education teachers’ pedagogical competence are teacher’s education background, teacher’s experience in teaching, teacher’s discipline in working, supervision of the principal, teacher organization, and educational training program. Developmentally Appropriate Practice training program is a part of educational training program. Given that particular reason, this study aims to investigate the influence of the Developmentally Appropriate Practice training program on improving early childhood education teachers’ pedagogical competence. The study employs quantitative approach with ex post-facto as its method. The subjects of the study are 60 early childhood education teachers. The data are collected by using questionnaires and documentation study. The findings reveal that after joining the Developmentally Appropriate Practice training program; the average level of the teachers’ pedagogical competence improves. In other words, the Developmentally Appropriate Practice training program has a significant influence on improving the early childhood education teachers’ pedagogical competence. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 31 Peace Education in Freedom Writers Movie: A Sociological PerspectiveDr. Abdillah Nugroho Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta Abstract Peace Education in Freedom Writers Movie: A Sociological Perspective Dr. Abdillah Nugroho Department of English Education Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta abdillah_nugroho@ums.ac.id Abstract The paper focuses on analysing peace education reflected in Freedom Writers movie. Erin Gruwell as major character taking role as teacher has done some meaningful efforts to teach, educate and guide her students on the right tract of life. Her students come from many different races and ethnicities like white people, black people, Mexican, Asian, and what not. In the classroom, they always make noisy so that it disturbs the teaching learning process. Not only do they make noisy in the classroom but they also often quarrel and fight in the school yard. In short among the races and ethnicity they hate each other even to their teacher, Gruwell. Looking at the phenomena Gruwell thinks that there is something wrong that has happened at school. It should not happen at the place. It must be corrected. Through much creativity in her teaching strategy, she tries to open up her students’ mind toward a new mind set of life. Gruwell educates her students how to respect and help each other, give sympathy, and work together so that they can live hand-in-hand in society peacefully. Keywords: peace education, Freedom Writers, race, ethnicity, symphaty, respect Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 32 The Analysis of Problem-Solving Ability of Student of Distance Higher Education in Science LearningWidiasih1a), A Permanasari2, Riandi3, and T Damayanti4 1 Department of Physics Education, Universitas Terbuka, Jl. Raya Pondok Cabe, Tangerang Selatan 15418, Indonesia 2 Department of Chemistry Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudi No. 229, Bandung 40154, Indonesia 3 Department of Biology Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudi No. 229, Bandung 40154, Indonesia 4 Department of Political and Social Science, Universitas Terbuka, Jl. Raya Pondok Cabe, Tangerang Selatan 15418, Indonesia Abstract This study aims to analyze the students initial ability in solving the problems in science learning. The method used is descriptive-qualitative. The subjects of the study were undergraduate students of Distance Higher Education located in Serang, majoring in Primary Teacher Education inservice training. Samples were taken thoroughly for 2 groups of classes that are taking the course of Science Learning in Primary School in the first term of 2017, with the total of 39 students. The technique of data collection used is essay test in the form of problem solving from case study done at the beginning of lecture in February 2017. The result of the research indicates that the mean of student ability in solving learning problems equals to 67%. In details, the students ability in solving learning problems is divided into the following stages: identifying important information in learning cases 55.35%; Linking information so that problems or questions arise 74%; Analyzing the cause of the problem 62%; Developing alternatives to the problems 77%; Analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of each alternative 56%; Choosing one or more alternatives that are considered to be effective 72%; Implementing alternatives to the lesson plan 71%. Therefore, efforts need to be done to improve the ability of students in problem solving, for instance through online tutorials with the basis of interactive discussions. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 33 Teachers competences to implement character education in early childhood education (a case study in state kindergarden, Jakarta)Silvie Mil Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof.Dr.Hamka Abstract This research aims to get information about teachers competences to implement character education in state kindergarten by using case study method. The research took place at TK Halimun, a state kindergarden in South Jakarta and 8 female teachers became subjects of research. Data were collected by observation, interview and documents work.Analysis was done by using descriptive Miles and Huberman method including data reduction, data display and conclution. Based on the findings of this work, almost all of teachers have bachelor degree in early childhood education and 1 still in college. 85,7 % teachers already done character trainings by minister of education in East Jakarta but they were not continuously. Also 85,7 percent of the teachers have taught at least for five years. All of them have fulfill personal character qualifications and implement them in class during with childrens interaction. All in all, the teachers have fulfill basic skill and have good manners in teaching character education to solve children character difficulties. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 34 English Language Teaching in the 2013 Curriculum: High school teachers’ beliefs and practicesDarmawan, Rusman, Dinn Wahyudin, and Mohammad Ali Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia Abstract While much has been researched about the practice of newly revised national curriculum (2013 curriculum) in elementary schools, research examining teachers understanding and practice of English Language Teaching (ELT) in the context of 2013 curriculum remains limited. This article explores the understanding of principles and characteristics 2013 curriculum of two Indonesian high school teachers of English and the implementation of the principles and characteristics in their lessons. Narrative reports were constructed for each teacher using semi-structured interviews. These reports illustrate how each teacher implemented the principles and characteristics of 2013 curriculum in ELT classroom. The result of this study shows that the two teachers implemented very formal guidelines as suggested in the curriculum into their teaching (e.g. recount, narrative, and descriptive text and language components). In term of communication tasks, the two teachers used different strategies. Teacher 1 tends to use communicative approach (e.g. role play), while teacher 2 used drill and repetition to stimulate the students to speak out. The two teachers realized that very limited time is available to explore and to develop students communicative skills. What the two teachers understand from the principles and characteristics of the 2013 curriculum is somewhat narrow. They tend to perceive that to implement the principles and characteristics of the 2013 curriculum in ELT classroom, English teachers require extra endeavor. Topic: Competences and profile the 21st century educator 35 Kawasan Teknologi Pendidikan: Manajemen (Implikasinya Terhadap Perancangan Mata Kuliah untuk Pengembangan Kompetensi Manajerial Bidang Teknologi Pendidikan)Deni Kurniawan Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Tulisan ini akan membahas hal yang berkaitan dengan kawasan studi dalam bidang teknologi pendidikan serta implikasinya terhadap perancangan mata kuliah untuk pembentukan kompetensi manajerial dalam bidang teknologi pendidikan. Bahasan diawali dengan kawasan Teknologi Pendidikan secara umum, selanjutnya akan lebih dipertajam pada kawasan manajamen. Pembahasan kawasan manajemen akan difokuskan pada konsepsi dan cakupan manajemen teknologi pendidikan. Uraian ini selanjutnya bisa dijadikan salah satu landasan pemikiran bagi penentuan orientasi, jenis, cakupan dan keluasan materi perkuliahan manajemen teknologi pendidikan. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 36 Curriculum Evaluation of Japanese Department of Unikom Using the CIPP ModelSoni Mulyawan Setiana1, Rusman2 and Mohammad Ali2 1Universitas Komputer Indonesia, Jl. Dipatiukur 112-116, Bandung, Indonesia 2Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia soni.mulyawan[at]email.unikom.ac.id Abstract This research was aimed to discuss about the profile and curriculum of Japanese Department for bachelor degree at Universitas Komputer Indonesia. It included the students’ achievement and the result of tracer study toward alumni as well as the users about the alumni’s competence at work. Based on that investigation, it can be known the contents that need to be enhanced to be the excellence of the curriculum at this study program. In this research, the CIPP model was used. The research design was descriptive qualitative research. The data were taken through documentation studies and interviews to the head of Japanese department and to the dean of Faculty of Letters at unikom. The findings become the good references for the stakeholders and the institution to develop the curriculum dynamically in accordance with the needs of the users. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 37 EDUCATION INTEGRATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ON CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION OF ISLAMIC RELIGION EDUCATION IN THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLKomarudin (a*) a) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Jl. Setiabudi No.229 Bandung *el.qomar[at]yahoo.co.id Abstract This study attempts to explore planning, implementation and effectiveness of an integrated Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) curriculum on Islamic religion education (PAI) subject in high school. The content of the high school curriculum has not explicitly or implicitly included the ESD. The implementation of ESD values in PAI learning in high school and Indonesian society is generally low. The method used in conducting this research is design and development, with five research stages. First, identify the research problem; secondly, formulate the objectives; third, create the design and develop the artifact; fourth, test the artifact; fifth, evaluate the results of artifact testing. Data collection was conducted by need assessment survey method. The survey was conducted to explore the ESD-related competencies required. Surveys were conducted on a number of high school students in West Java Indonesia, selected by multi stage sampling technique. The obtained data were analyzed using statistical descriptive and inferential statistics of Chi square and cross tabulation. The results of the needs assessment survey in the form of various competencies were then used to design and develop curriculum and module of ESD, by applying the model of ADDIE curriculum development. Result of research can give benefits to educators, learners, and principals. The strategy of implementing ESD values can be conducted through integrating the values into the subjects in the local content, extracurricular, customization and culture and the integration of ESD in the curriculum of PAI can mostly be conducted through habituation and culture. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 38 NURSING EDUCATION: ITS CHARACTERISTICS, COMPETENCE AND DEVELOPMENTYI YING, MOHAMMAD ALI, DINN WAHYUDDIN UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA Abstract This research aimed to investigate about the characteristics of nursing professions education, the competences required for professional nurses, the factors that influence the design of nursing education, and the development of nursing education. The research findings were an integrated curriculum is needed in nursing education. This curriculum needs to have paradigm shifting and need to cover resources-based learning, bachelor researches, inquiry learning, as well as problem-based learning. The implementation of integrated curriculum will expose the nursing students to the latest information and good foundations for long-life learning. Furthermore, the curriculum of nursing education is expected to produce professional nurses that have roles as the caretakers, protectors, educators, coordinators, collaborators, and consultans. The curriculum of nursing education also educates nurses in the aspects of intellectual and technical skill, sense of responsibility, the standard treatment based on the ethics of the profession, and ability to be a role model for other nurses. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 39 INTERNSHIP COURSES DESIGN: EX POST FACTO ON CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY STUDY PROGRAMRiche Cynthia Johan, Rudi Susilana, M. Ridwan Sutisna and Didie Supriadie Educational Technology, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia Abstract Courses of field experience or internship program is a compulsory course that must be taken by every student in the eighth semester on all courses at the university education Indonesia. Driving good fieldwork practices and integrating the needs of students competence with curriculum development and education technology is a priority, tracing the map of competency an educational technologist with the needs of the users (stakeholders) is also an important thing to do through these practical work activities. Kerlinger (1964) states that: "ex post facto research as: the researcher starts with the observation of a dependent variable or variables. He then studies the independent variables in retrospect for their possible relationships, and effects on, the dependent variable or variables (p. 360) ". The results of this ex post facto research are 1) Matrix of educational technology competence, 2) Courses design of field experience practice program (internship), 3) Practical products that are best practice in institutions used for work practices. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 40 Implementation of Education for Sustainable Development Through Learning Themes in Elementary School (Madrasah Ibtidaiyah) CurriculumMario Emilzoli, Mohammad Ali Program Studi Pengembangan Kurikulum Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The aim of this research is to implement the theme of learning at the basic level, especially in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI) which is integrated or has values of educational for sustainable development (ESD). The things that need to be explored to achieve this include: 1) understanding of MI teachers on the concept of ESD, 2) Competence required by MI learners in West Java related to ESD, 3) ESD content can be integrated into Themes in MI curriculum in West Java , 4) The design of ESD-themed teaching activity at MI level in West Java, 5) Effectiveness of ESD themed learning at MI level in West Java. This research uses a design and development approach for the development of ESD-filled learning themes and the ADDIE model for the implementation of the developed themes. The selection and analysis of instructional themes requires appropriate strategies to produce appropriate and effective themes for ESD content. This is done so that it can be used as an alternative or strengthening for elementary education level, whether it is elementary school or Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, since MI is the foundation for students before entering the higher level, which demands better attitude especially in the field of environment, social And economy Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 41 A BRIEF VIEW ON TEACHING PHILOSOPHY IN THE CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA (UPI)Dinn Wahyudin Kurtekpend UPI Abstract Efforts have been done by TEIs (Teacher Education Institutions) in Indonesia. UPI (Indonesia University of Education) in Bandung is having effort to reformulate its curriculum. The formula of redesign of professional education for teachers that was developed by UPI is a response to need for better teacher education. This study focused on philosophy of education in the implementation of curriculum in Study Program at UPI. In curriculum implementation, aspect of philosophy of teaching is very important in the educational institutions. It is applied in the teaching-learning situations, in the conduct of research, and in developing educational policies. Teaching philosophy of individual lecturer is based on the university and faculty’s vision and mission, concept, beliefs, and attitudes on teaching, and how they put these into the teaching-learning process. This has implications to classroom management, pedagogy, facilitating and evaluating learning, and curriculum development. This study presents some empirical based data from two faculties in UPI, namely FIP (Faculty of Educational Sciences) and FPTK (Faculty of Technology and Vocational Education). Instruments used were questioners, interview, focused group discussion, and documentation study. Result shows that the implementation of curriculum and individual teaching philosophies of lecturers are strongly influenced and inspired by institutional teaching philosophy and its vision and mission. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 42 The effectiveness of the Group-Based Differentiation Learning Model at Junior High School levelToto Ruhimat Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This study focuses on the effectiveness of the Group-Based Differentiation Learning Model at Junior High School level (SMP). The SMP level is expected to prepare its graduates to have knowledge, attitude and skill as an intelligent and civilized society member with high level of thinking ability, independent attitude and cooperation. According to Piagets development theory that at the age of junior high school including the age group (formal operational thought) is the age level that is able to solve problems scientifically. The result of preliminary study shows that there are still many IPS lessons in junior high school is still expository and uniform, so that the lesson learned by the students is less than optimal. In fact, in this age students should be able to apply the way of scientific thinking (using scientific reason) and able to combine ideas (skill fully combaning) and able to interact with others. The results of this study indicate that this learning can improve students thinking and social skills based on individual potential differences. This is evident in the improvement of thinking ability from fact to procedure, and in the cognitive process dimension from memory to analysis even to the creative process. Similarly, students social skills have a significant improvement based on the descriptive scale assessment of the less cooperative to be able to cooperate. Based on the validation showed that there is a significant difference of pretest, postes and gain results from control group with experiment in thinking ability and social ability. This learning model is defined as a Class-Based Differentiated Learning Model, which is a learning model that has special characteristics in the design, implementation, and evaluation of learning. Its development is based on the principles of democracy, cooperative, integrity, flexibility, and student differences. This learning essentially develops students ability to think and social skills according to individual potential. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 43 EFFECTIVENESS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF TEACHERS PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAM AFTER SM3T PROGRAM IN UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIAAsep Herry Hernawan, Rudi Susilana Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Abstract Teacher Professional Education Program (PPG) after The Program of Scholars Teaching in the outermost, disadvantaged and frontier region (SM-3T) is one of the Ministry of Education and Culture policy in order to accelerate education development in 3T area. The focus in this study includes: commitment, involvement, and support in the implementation of PPG SM-3T, curriculum or syllabus, learning systems, facilities and infrastructure, partner school involvement, and education management in dormitories and obstacles or constraints faced by PPG SM -3T at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI). The research method used is descriptive research conducted through survey technique. Research respondents consisted of the head of study program, dormitory manager, lecturer / facilitator, principal and teachers involved in the implementation of PPG SM-3T Program and participants who participated in PPG SM-3T Program at UPI. The results showed effectiveness in the implementation of PPG SM program -3T in UPI as indicated by: (1) the commitment, involvement and support of the leaders of the PPG SM-3T program of study; (2) the curriculum and syllabus has been developed in accordance with the objectives and implementation of curriculum in PPG learning activities in each study program of PPG SM-3T; (3) the existence of learning systems and processes designed and implemented in each study program in PPG SM-3T organizer in UPI; (4) adequate education management in the dormitory as supporting PPG SM-3T organizer in UPI; (5) the involvement of partner schools as an integral part in the implementation of PPG SM-3T in UPI. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 44 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: ROLE OF EDUCATIONMohammad Ali Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Sustainable development is a concept of development in regards to fulfilling the present generation needs and improving their welfare without sacrificing those of the future generations. This should be implemented by every United Nation member country. In order to implement it effectively, it needs knowledge, skills, attitude, and awareness of the people; quality human resources, and the involvement of stakeholders. Education plays an important role in cultivating awareness, knowledge, skills, and attitude toward the sustainable development implementation. It is also capable of producing the quality of human resources. Their involvement in the development will take into consideration its negative impact so the sustainability can be achieved. That is why education for sustainable development becomes the program formulated by UNESCO which encourages every member country to implement. Regarding its implementation, it needs relevant curriculum and effective teaching-learning strategy and evaluation plan which are emphasized on practical experience. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 45 DEVELOPING LOCAL CONTENT CURRICULUM IN KEPULAUAN RIAU PROVINCERudi Susilana, Asep Herry Hernawan Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The study was aimed at formulating local content competence, local content, implementation strategies and the evaluation of the local content curriculum implementation as an input in establishing the policy on local content curriculum in Kepulauan Riau Province (Kepri) This research was conducted for 4 months by searching the districts and cities in Riau Islands by encountering and involving the Education Office, teachers, principals, supervisors, committees including Malay Customary Institutions (LAM) to conduct interviews, questionnaires and conduct FGDs. The conclusion of this study is that there are 6 types of local content that has the potential to be defined as Kepulauan Riau Mulok, namely: (1) Local Culture, (2) Gurindam 12, (3) Traditional Game, (4) Malay Literature, (5) Marine and Maritime; and Malay Arabic accompanied by the competence formulation of the respective content. Topic: Curriculum and Educational Technology 46 Critical thinking skill : The development of worksheet based guided inquiryD Mulhayatiah, RM Zulfikar, EK Yuningsih , H Y Suhendi UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung Abstract The worksheet is a part of science learning that is very necessary in shaping the characteristics of students who are able to think in every problem solve. The purpose of this study is to develop a student worksheet based on guided inquiry to obtain a worksheet that is suitable for use in physics learning. This research method using ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) with data type of qualitative and quantitative data, that is description or narration obtained from worksheet validation, critic / suggestion / input from validator and learner to revise product And worksheet analysis done by the learner during learning process and quantitative data in the form of worksheet feasibility test result, students response and test result of critical thinking skill of learner through pretest and posttest. This study uses 2 schools. The first small-scale schools, choose MA Al-Ishlah Subang district, while large scale in SMAN 1 Subang district. The initial sketch of the worksheet design contains guided inquiry guidance that guides the critical thinking skills of learners. Validation of media experts, structures and languages provides positive feedback with revisions of the inquiry stage and minor image enhancement, then small-scale and large-scale tests that ultimately give results that the worksheet is feasible to use based on n-gain large-scale test results that are on flat The average of 0.5 is in the middle level and the student response is 65.28 which is very good category. Topic: Development of body of knowledge21 47 The Implementation of Teaching Pyramid Model Curriculum-2013: Study to Reveal The Response of Children and Kindergarten Teachers in Bandung-IndonesiaAnggita Indah Pratiwi, Aan Listiana and Ocih Setiasih Early Childhood Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The study aims to describe the response of children and kindergarten teachers to the implementation of Teaching Pyramid Model Curriculum-2013 or called as TPM-Kurtilas in Amal Keluarga Kindergarten Bandung. The study uses qualitative approach with grounded technique where the data obtained from children’s observation notes, field notes, reflection sheet and teacher’s interview. Field notes and observer notes were collected for four months from 21 March to 12 June 2016, while reflection sheets were collected after the end of TPM-Kurtilas implementation. The findings show that both children and teachers responded very well to the TPM-Kurtilas Implementation. The evident is seen from the children’s enthusiastic knowing the changing of school learning facilities and infrastructure. Meanwhile, the teacher’s enthusiasm is shown by their diligent and enterprising to come to school. Topic: Early Childhood Education 48 The Development of Children Gross Motor Skills at Bhakti Bunda Kindergarten PadangIsa Hidayati Postgraduate, Jakarta State University Rawamangun Muka Street, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract The purpose of this study is to see how the implementation of the childs gross motor development in PAUD Terpadu Bhakti Bunda Padang. This research is a descriptive qualitative approach. Methods of data collection are observation, interview, documentation, and field notes. The information obtained is then analyzed through three activity are data reduction, data presentation, conclusion or verification. Then to validate the data is checking with triangulation technique. Based on research has been done, researcher concluded that the implementation child’s gross motor development in Bhakti Bunda integrated in the learning process accordance the rules of the central system are morning circle and especially during the opening of sport centers. Implementation of activities is supported by the selection of learning methods and the use of media in accordance develop task and students gross motor skills. Examples of development activities are modern games such as running relays, traditional game activities such as “galah” games, rhythmic activities such as gymnastics and dance, and hygiene habits such as washing hands and tying their own shoelaces. Evaluation development of children gross motor is emphasized to the assessment of the process by performing observations and taking appropriate action based on these observations. Topic: Early Childhood Education 49 Development Of Early Childhood Entrepreneurship Spirit Based On Local WisdomIsa Hidayati Postgraduate, Jakarta State University Rawamangun Muka Street, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia 154hidayati[at]gmail.com Abstract Few children are born with entrepreneurial talent. But the desire and ability of a child to become a successful entrepreneur needs to be nurtured and formed early on. Therefore it is necessary a form of learning that can develop entrepreneurship spirit in children. This article will focus on developing the spirit of early childhood entrepreneurship through local wisdom. Learning content is packaged in learning activities related to the childs environment. For children living in the village area the learning content is related to village life which identical with farming. Children who are on the coast, activities are developed with marine material. As well as early childhood who are in the city area will be to know the entrepreneurship accordance with their environment. In discussing this issue the data obtained from literature sources such as books, scientific articles and research that have been done specifically about entrepreneurship in children. Conclude by offering suggestion for development entrepreneurship spirit with this approach. And the future research purposes that will inform pedagogy and policy of entrepreneurship spirit of early childhood based on local wisdom. Topic: Early Childhood Education 50 THE COMPARISON OF TPM-KURTILAS (Teaching Pyramid Model and 2013 Curriulum) WITH PHBK (CHARACTER BASED HOLISTIC EDUCATION)Rizka Haristi, Aan Listiana, Yeni Rachmawati Indonesia University of Education Abstract The issue of character education has become the main objective of Indonesian education. This is stated in the educational objectives of 2013 curriculum which prepares Indonesian to have a positive personality as an individual and citizen who give significant contributions for the life of society, nation, state and civilization of the world. In order to realize these goals, early education becomes a strategic institution in organizing character education. Knowing that early childhood is in sensitive period, so building character since this period will be much more effective than when they are adolescence or adulthood. Unfortunately, up to now, the character education program for early childhood is still limited in its implementation. Two models of character education that have been specifically developed and implemented in Indonesian Early Childhood Institutions are TPM-Kurtilas and PHBK or Character Based Holistic Education. However, both models have not been studied deeply, so that this article will describe the study of these two models based on the analysis of their objectives, materials, methods, and learning media. As well as evaluate the possibility of its development in Indonesia. Topic: Early Childhood Education 51 A STUDY of KINDERGARTEN DISCIPLINARY LEVEL in MAJALENGKA – INDONESIAEnih Hartiani, Aan Listiana, Yeni Rachmawati Indonesia University of Education Abstract Discipline is an important attitude that should be owned by the children concerning its vital role for their survival both in everyday life as well as for life in the future. This discipline attitude will shape children’s good manner such as responsible whether for themselves, family, community and their surroundings. Realizing its important, discipline attitude must be introduced since early childhood in order that understanding and habituation attached tightly to the children’s life and always uphold the values of discipline in the future. Unfortunately, early childhood education that sincerely becomes parents and teachers’ responsible still not maximally given. As a pilot study, the researcher interests to know the children’s disciplinary level in the city of Majalengka. The population of this study is approximately about 716 pre-schoolers children from 26 pre-schooler institutions within Majalengka city. The sampling technique uses cluster sampling, quantitative descriptive data analysis, and survey used as the method. The measuring instrument used is questionnaire that consist of 22 items listed children’s discipline attitude compiled by Listiana and Amanah in 2017. Topic: Early Childhood Education 52 Learning Media and Gender in Early Childhood EducationMarina Trie Ramadhany Gunawan, Vina Adriany, Safrina Soemadipradja Noorman Department of Early Childhood Education & Department of Linguistic, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This paper aims to unpack the extent to which learning media used contributes to gender construction in Early Childhood Education (ECE). This article is based on assumptions that media very often sustains traditional gender construction. Using post-developmentalism, this article will be adopting a meta analysis that analyse previous reseach and literatues on media and gender in ECE. Findings from this article is expected to illumiate the extent to which media interfere gender construction in ECE and what kind of gender construction perpetutes by the learning media. It is hoped that the paper will inform teachers and educators in ECE to include gender awareness in their teaching. Topic: Early Childhood Education 53 Gender, Power and Play in Early Childhood EducationSuci Ramdaeni, Vina Adriany, & Hani Yulindrasari Department of Early Childhood Education, Faculty of Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The aims of this paper is to explore the relationship between gender, power and play. It attempts to see how gender and power are interwoving together and interfere with children’s construction of gender during their play. This paper is predicated on the basis that play is considered to be one of the most important aspect in early childhood education. The discourse of play is so pervasive that many educators take it for granted and never question it. Using postdevelopmentalism, this paper tries to deconstrut the dicsourse of play by iluminating the gender-power relations embodied in it. This paper will be adopting a meta analysis to demonstarte how gender, power and play are interacting in early childhood education. The analysis yields that play is often gendered as some children are very often excluded from certain types of play due to their gender. Findings from this paper call for educators and ECE teachers to include gender perspective when trying to understand children’s play. Topic: Early Childhood Education 54 THE APPLICATION OF THE ENTREPRENEUR PROGRAM IN EARLY AGE CHARACTER DEVELOPMENTFarah rizkita Putri, Heny Djoehaeni Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Character building was a wide-spreading issue that came to the inclusive concern. The number of issues associated with character, in the case of negative behavior – such as cheating, indiscipline, misdeeds, lying, denouncing and other negative behaviors – were the issues arose due to the lack of an individual positive character value. The significance of character building became an assignment that needs to be accomplished, considering that character is the foundation of child self-development for the sake of their future lives. The good character establishment could be stimulated through the meaningful learning process for children. This article aimed to offer an alternative character values development program that could be inserted in the learning process at school and become daily habituation for children. The entrepreneur program is a program that aimed to instill positive character in children from an early age. This program implemented in the learning activity in Early Childhood Education Program (PAUD) and was expected to aid children to understand, realize and reflect the positive character implanted in them. The writing method of this article was a literature study, so as this article afford to describe and analyze the entrepreneur program as one of the learning programs attempted to develop children’s character. Therefore, this article was expected to be the child character value development reference in the realm of early childhood education. Topic: Early Childhood Education 55 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN KINDERGARTENHeny Djoehaeni, Mubiar Agustin, Asep Deni Gustina Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Issues relating to the environment is a global issue that demands attention from various sectors including education . In early childhood education, environmental education becomes the starting point for early childhood awareness in the environment around them. The horizon of appreciation of this ecological linkage will be more profound and widespread when supported by a planned and sustainable environmental education praxis. Four key principles that can be used as guidance in guiding action that is in harmony with the environment are reduce waste and save on the goods available, reuse, recycling and replanting in order to preserve nature. The application of these four principles in daily life requires the support of adults around the child who will be the facilitator for the child in an effort to understand and love the environment. The success of environmental education for early childhood should be implemented through an integrated learning process, an exemplary element of the teacher as well as opportunities for children to take concrete action related to environmental education..This discussion will be focus on conceptualization of environmental education and its implementation in earlychildhood setting. Topic: Early Childhood Education 56 Preventing Cultural Loss By Promoting Traditional Games in Early Childhood : an Action Research in Paud Tenggiri JakartaRini Herminastiti STKIP Kusuma Negara Abstract These days, technology has been emerged to the surface. There are many young children liked to play with tablets or smartphones. They have become lazy and unhealthy. The young children also losing their cultural identity. They didn’t recognize their traditional clothes, songs or games. In this research the children were introduced by some local traditional games (hands-on games) which can promote local cultural identities and active movements. The traditional games were several programs in PAUD’s(The school for early childhood) daily activities. The games or the actions consisted of 2 cycles based on Kemmis & Taggart model at PAUD Tenggiri, North Jakarta. The research had been held for two months on April and May 2017. In the end of cycle 2, 95% PAUD Tenggiri Students (15 children) have known about some local cultural knowledges/cultural awareness. This percentage has showed a good enhancement than before, which was achieve only 60% out of PAUD Tenggiri Students. By promoting the traditional games had been proved as one of good solutions in preventing cultural loss that the world has suffered these days. Topic: Early Childhood Education 57 Problem-Based Learning on Parenting Programs at Early Childhood Education Institutions in IndonesiaSardin Departemen Pendidikan Luar Sekolah Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Abstract In the last five years, parenting program is a program that must be implemented by early childhood education institutions. The aim of this program is improving the parents competence in caregiving in the family. currently, the parenting program model has been implemented variably in accordance with the capabilities of each early childhood education institutions, so there has not yet been found the most effective specific model to be applied in Indonesia that addresses issues and problems, socio-cultural, and parents conditions. Many models have been done, one of which is the problem-based learning model. This model raises the real problems faced by parents in carrying out parenting in the family to further serve as a subject matter in parenting program. This study was conducted in Bandung, West Java, with participants of early childhood education manager institutions and parents who participated in parenting program in early childhood education institutions selected using purposive sampling. The results show that parenting has benefits for parents in improving self-efficacy, building effective communication within the family, controlling emotions in parenting, and building family co-operation. This result implies that the problem-based learning model in the parenting program has been effective in improving the quality of family care. Topic: Early Childhood Education 58 DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF TEACHER DECISION MAKING ACTION ON VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATIONMubiar Agustin, Heny Djoehaeni, Ernawulan Syaodih Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The rise of violence on children, whether physical, social, emotional, sexual and ignores so warm lately. Even more sad more violence was likely carried out by teachers who should be the guardian and caregiver. So based on that problem, the study aims to analyze the dynamics of decision-making early childhood teachers perpetrators of acts of violence on children and the factors behind them. This research was conducted through the application of the case study method. Subjects in this study were teachers some early childhood teachers in Bandung regency. The result of this research find variations teacher decision making action on violence against children early childhood education. In the other hand, the result of this research expected generate the valid data that can be useful to prevent or handle the problem of violence at early childhood institutions or the next level of educations. Beside that, this result can be used by the academics-practitioners in build a model or guidance of educations that can reduce the violence against children. this research can be use for developing the training or workshop in order to help institutions of educations or the government to prevent violence actions against children. Topic: Early Childhood Education 59 THE EFFECT OF TIERED TRAINING AND SELF REGULATED LEARNING (SRL) TOWARD EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION TEACHER PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE IN NORTH MALUKU PROVINCERosita Wondal graduate student S3 Abstract The purpose of this research is to know the effect of tiered training and self-regulated learning (SRL) toward early childhood teacher pedagogical knowledge in North Maluku Province. The research used ex post facto research method with 3 x 2 factorial design. The result showed that: (1) pedagogical knowledge of the teachers who followed advanced training was higher than those who followed basic training. (2) Pedagogical knowledge of the teacher who followed advance training was higher than the other early childhood education training, (3) the interaction between tiered training and SRL toward early childhood education teacher pedagogical knowledge was not significantly different. (4) Pedagogical knowledge of the teacher with SRL who followed advanced training is higher than those who followed basic training. (5) Pedagogical knowledge of the teacher with SRL who followed advanced training is higher than those who followed other training. (6) Pedagogical knowledge of the teacher with SRL who followed advanced training is lower than those who followed basic training. (7) Pedagogical knowledge of the teacher with SRL who followed advanced training is lower than those who followed the other training. in conclusion, that tiered training can improve early childhood education teachers’ pedagogical knowledge with SRL. Topic: Early Childhood Education 60 DEVELOPING THE POTENTIAL OF EARLY CHILDHOOD THROUGH TRADITIONAL GAMESErna Budiarti Educator at Nurul Aulia Kindergarten Abstract Natural human resources are the most valuable assets for any country. Early childhood has the potential of human resources. When empowered with the best can increase the potential of early childhood. One of the Governments efforts in empowering human resources to manage the education sector into a more professional and effective. One of the early childhood education program (ECE) in kindergarten Nurul Aulia is studying a learning program through the traditional game. The purpose of this writing is that teachers understand the lesson strategies and can increase through the method of the game in the classroom and outside the classroom. After having studied in theory, it can be concluded that learning by using the method of the game very suitable with the character of early childhood. Learning methods through the game can be done in the classroom and outside the classroom. With the proper management of traditional games in learning can help children as an effort in helping the development of children to the maximum and as one way to enhance the potential of children from an early age. The slogan in the early childhood education "learning while playing, playing while learning" became the base of one way to explore the potential of children from the various aspects of the development of the potential of early childhood. Topic: Early Childhood Education 61 An Increase in Positive attitude toward Math Lessons Through Games among Primary School Students. Through The GameTri Sayekti Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University Early childhood Education Abstract The research is conducted with aim to understand the improvement of primary school students’ attitude learning matematics through games. This research is conducted for 6 months .For this purpose,Hopkins Action Research Model has been implemented with some modification to ensure natural process of improvement among students. The research is done thruogh two cycles. The first cycle uses propd for math games. Students were solved by difficulties of concept. The two can be found in understanding of basic conceps of mathematics and the lack of satisfying results at the end of the study session. Data analysis is done qualitatively and quantitatively. Quantitaive data is carried our through discrepancy test ( T-test) . Qualitative data is analized basedon Spradleys Theory. The result research is then analized through discrepancy test. Caculation result obtained t=179 with α = 0,05 , therefore it can be obtained the value is on the right side of table 2,70 which make he value t ≥ t table , which can translate that statiscally there is a significane improvement of the students attitude before and after given intervention in a form of study method. Moreover critics and advise from the collaborator is utilizedfor the benefit of triangulation data which was done in the process of dataexamination and data validity. Topic: Early Childhood Education 62 The Development of dance Learning Model Based on Malay Culture in Improving the Creativity of Young LearnersNurlita Universitas Negeri Jakarta Abstract The background of this research is the dance learning model for young learners who should apply the “free”, “open”, and “student-centered” approach by focused on the process, not the product, because the students’ ability in moving is limited. It is different from the adults in doing the dance movements. A dance learning should give a pleasure and useful experiment for the students, not make them feel stressed. The creativity of each student needs to be recognized and developed through an appropriate stimulus so that the learners’ creativity can be reached. The creative mind and action should be developed since in the young age, because a creative children tends to solve their problem better, especially when they are adult later. In the fact, the dance learning for young learners is still far from the expectation. The process still focuses on the teachers. The learners just sit and learn passively. They just follow the instruction or movements from the teachers and tend to don’t think critically, creatively, and innovatively. The method of the research is Research and Development, which is aimed to create a certain product and to test the effectiveness of the product. Topic: Early Childhood Education 63 Teachers Classroom Management to Support Inclusion: A Preschool EthnographyWulan Adiarti, Ali Formen Universitas Negeri Semarang Abstract This study was motivated by the Indonesian government policy to ensure that education services at all levels, including preschool, are accessible and therefore inclusive. A key foundation to inclusive education is the notion that all children, including those with special needs, have the same right to education. In reality, not all Indonesian preschools are ready to operate their center inclusively. Additionally, parents of the so-called normal children have certain anxiety if their children are taught along with those with special needs. This research aims to portray teachers strategies of inclusive classroom management. A Jakarta-based preschool was chosen as the setting of this study, considering that not only it is an inclusive institution but also because of its position as a national reference. The study follows the ethnographic analysis as suggested by Spradley (Spradley, 1980). Data were collected by observing, interviewing and document analysis. Our findings show inclusive classroom management necessitated two-branched actions, one actions were targeted at classroom activities and another one was targeted at children interaction. These findings can be useful to preschool educational institutions in Indonesia who look for a model of inclusive class management strategy. Topic: Early Childhood Education 64 Batik Skill, Indonesian Local Wisdom and Its Relationship with Children’s Writing SkillAnita Damayanti Muhammadiyah University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract This study aims to see the relationship between batik skills with the ability to write of children aged 6-8 years , West Jakarta,Indonesia. Correlation Technique Methodical was applicated in this survey. Research conducted through proposive random sampling for selected 30 students after completion of an explanation, clarification as well as special instruction to work out an esay finished art product. Series of tests as an instruments measured of complete datas on batik’ing capability and writing skill capability. Correlation and Regression Statistics with significance of α = 0.05. Applied as data analysis, which resulted Positive and Significant Correlation between Batik’ing Aptitude towards writing skill capability of 6 – 8 years old primary school students, showed by a ry₁ = 0,740 as correlation coe’fficient and Ŷ = 31.69 + 0,60 X₁ as similarly regression can be interpreted that batik skill effect on writing ability of children aged 6-8 years. Above findings in Correlation Coefficient at the Batik ability summarized that if given stimulation as well as an extra ordinary induced exercise would automatically contribute the related writing skill capability of children aged 6-8 years Topic: Early Childhood Education 65 Researching Young Boys’ Masculinities in School ContextSarah Nandya Mutiara, Hani Yulindrasari, Vina Adriany Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The term ‘boys will be boys’ is widely accepted in society as if masculine identity is innate and natural. This paper adopts a social-constructivist approach to gender which view gender identity as a product of culture and nurture. This article assumes that boys construct their masculinity through various modalities including social learning with both adults or peer groups and non-human interactions. This article examines existing literature published between 1980s-2010s about boys and masculinity to develop an understanding of how young boys construct their masculinities, what factors contribute to their masculine identity, and how the research about boys’ masculinities was prepared and conducted. The conceptual framework and methodology of each literature are the important parts of the investigation. Most of the literature was developed in non-Indonesian context. This paper will also examine the applicability of the literature in Indonesian context to produce a recommendation of necessary modification for research about boys and masculinity in Indonesia. Topic: Early Childhood Education 66 Develop Speaking Skill of Kindergarten Students through Playing OperettaTisna Syafnita State University of Jakarta Abstract The purpose of this research is to observe the effectiveness of playing operetta to children speaking skill in kindergarten. This research used quantitative approach with quasi experiment research type. The study population is kindergarten Dharma Wanita State University of Padang. Sampling technique using cluster sampling, in which grup B1 as experiment class and group B2 as control class. The data were gathered through oral tests (deeds) and observation. The data analysis technique that used in this study is to compare the difference of two average values, so it is done by t test (t-test). Based on the result of this research, the average value of the experimental class using playing operetta is 85.3, with the standard deviation obtained 12,57 and the control class average value which do not use playing opertta is 66,1 with standard deviation obtained 9,47. Based on the calculation of t-test obtained t calculate 4.257, while t table at significant level α 0.05 is 2.048, so t count > t table (4.257> 2.048). Thus it can be concluded that the use of playing operetta has a significant influence on the ability to children’s speaking ability in kindergarten. Topic: Early Childhood Education 67 WASTE MANAGEMENT BASED ON WISE BEHAVIOR IN JAPAN AND INDONESIAMustofa Kamil, Indriyani dan Purnomo PLS UPI Abstract Environmental damage is not only caused by the lack of understanding of the environment as a result of low educational background, but it is often caused by many factors, especially about the fulfillment of life needs that are not based on wise knowledge, awareness, attitude and behavior about how to maintain and preserve environment due to greed, waste, and ignorance. Environmental issues, especially waste, are very easy to find in Indonesia. We often encounter rubbish strewn across the river, drainage, rice field, roadside, and other open areas, which are difficult to find in Japan especially in Kitakyushu City. This research was conducted for 6 months under qualitative case study approach, the location of this research was in Kitakyushu City of Japan and Bandung City Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to depict household waste management in Japan and Indonesia realized in the wisdom behavior by society in managing the waste. The research results show that the efforts made in building environmental wisdom in Kitakyushu Japan are realized by integrating "environment conservation" policy and "industry promotion" policy with the aim of building resource-recycling-based community. In fact, these efforts are conducted jointly between government, community and industry by optimizing the industrial infrastructures, as well as improving the community technology and knowledge capabilities. While in Indonesia, there are still non synergistic policy issues, between regulations, facilities, environmental education and ineffective waste processing technology. Topic: Ecology Education 68 English as a Medium of Instruction (EMI). A Threat for Indonesian EducationBaiq Raudatul Jannah Post-Graduate Program of English Education, State University of Malang, jl. Semarang 5 Malang 65145, Indonesia jannahleneng.2013[at]gmail.com Abstract The use of English as a medium of classroom instruction becomes greater as a signal of globalization and internationalization. English is highly considered as one of the most important element of education. Therefore, EMI has been practiced in many non-native countries, including Indonesia. The implementation of English as main language for classroom instruction remains the threat for education Indonesia. EMI threatens the nationalism of Indonesian students. Since the students will communicate and interact more in foreign language instead of Indonesian language which is officially the national language of Indonesia. This also means Indonesia language may lose its role as the identity of Indonesia. This becomes a challenge for Indonesian education to prepare our students to participate globally without leaving their national identity. Topic: Education and Globalization 69 The Effectiveness of Thematic Instructional Material Based on Multimedia to the Learning Outcomes of the 4th Grade Students in Elementary SchoolTirani Mahartini, Sri Anitah Wiryawan, Riyadi Sebelas Maret University Abstract The aimed of this study are: 1) to investigate the effect of the use of teaching materials Curriculum 2013; 2) to investigate the effect of the use of Multimedia instructional materials; 3) to investigate the effect difference between Curriculum 2013 teaching materials and multimedia thematic teaching materials. This research is a quantitative research using experimental model. The research sites are SDN Bayan (experimental class) and SDN Keratonan (control class) with 30 students each. Result of research that 1) there is influence of use of teaching material Curriculum 2013 to result of student learning this is proved by pretest value from 72 to 77,66; 2) there is the influence of the use of multimedia thematic materials based on the results of this study is evidenced by the results of pretest value from 70.53 to 81.6; 3) Multimedia thematic instructional materials more effective than Instructional materials of instructional material. This is evidenced by looking at the comparison of experiment and control class, that is, the experimental class gets 77.66 to 81.6. Multimedia is a new refresher form relating to teaching materials because the quality of learning becomes low when the teacher is fixated on conventional instructional materials without any creativity to develop such teaching materials innovatively. Topic: Education and Globalization 70 HUMAN AWARENESS DEVELOPMENT IN HISTORICAL EDUCATION DI THE GLOBAL ERAERLINA WIYANARTI UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA Abstract Todays global society is racing between education and disaster. Conflict that develops are often end up tarnishing humanity that takes up enormous social costs as a result of the hardening of an identity awareness and self-identity which motivated and covered in hate, sentiments and narrow primordiality attitude. The new paradigm of Indonesian education should have a holistic development-oriented, in which education is developed for the development of consciousness to unite in cultural pluralism, uphold morality, humanity and religion, creative awareness, productive and legal awareness. The ultimate goal of education should be based on the thought to promote meaningful social reforms, by maximizing personal independence within schools, and by defending more humane and humanizing conditions in society in general. Education should be interpreted as a humanization process (humanizing human). The challenges of education in the 21st century should be able to become a media for the development of learners to be human with broad insight, embody a high personality and morality, steadfast and flexible facing the flow of change, and capable to adjust to the demands of the future, reliable and creative in science and skills, faithful and devoted to God Almighty. Thus education, including historical education must become an important media for the development of humanitarian awareness. Historical education must be able to develop all the potential power (prestige and dignity) of the students (human dignity) to maturity so as to live independently and also able to develop a better common life order in accordance with the challenges or needs of its era. Historical education is not solely about the past, but the past which is able to give meaning to human in present and future life. History education isnt just about the past, its about why we are, who we are, and about what`s next”. Topic: Education and Globalization 71 ANALYSIS OF STUDENT SATISFACTION ON ACADEMIC AND NON ACADEMIC ADMINISTRATIONSri Lestari, Khusaini Universitas Islam Syekh-Yusuf Jl. Maulana Yusuf Cikokol Tangerang Abstract The main issues of this study, the gap between expectations and reality felt by students about the quality of academic and non academic services in the Universitas Islam Syekh-Yusuf Tangerang. Service quality indicators include; Reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, and physical evidence (tangibles). The research method used explanatory survey method with quantitative-qualitative descriptive data analysis with different test. The result of the research shows that the level of performance is 3,26 sufficient category, the student expectation level is 4.50 important category, the test result is different t = 23,401, sig 0,000 <0,05, it means there is difference between student expectation level and employee performance level. Student satisfaction as a whole the aspects that are considered important or very important in the medium or sufficient category. Topic: Educational Management and Leadership, Policy, Legal, and Financial Issues in Education 72 The Role Of The Entrepreneurs Community Of Dinar Dirham Users In Effort Implementation Of Dinar Dirham As CurrencySrie Nuning MUlatsih.,SE.,MSi dan Aisyah Ratnasari .,SE.,MM Universitas Islam Syekh-Yusuf Tangerang Abstract Entrepreneurs Community Of Dinar Dirham Users Economic Crisis The issue of going back to use gold dinar and silver dirham as currency has become warmly discussion since the ASEAN currency depreciation crisis in 1997/998 and the global economic crisis going on nowadays. Until now, there is still no one ideal mechanism implemented globally the use of gold dinar and silver dirham. Even has still not implemented globally yet but there are efforts for some of communities to implemented them in daily life, transaction, like the community of the entrepreneurs community of dinar dirham users. The question arose: will gold dinar and silver dirham can be used back as currency in current economy? So, this study aims to examine the role of the entrepreneurs community of dinar dirham users in effort implementation of dinar dirham as currency. This is quantitative study going by the strategy of the field research and by using the variables, economic aspects and religious aspects. This study also used library research approach. The research shows that the role of the entrepreneurs community of dinar dirham users in effort implementation of them as currency are quite suitable, because of inadequate awareness reforms and lack political will (consensus from other nations to use gold dinar and silver dirham as money) and the ignorance of people about the function of gold dinar and silver dirham as medium of transaction. Topic: Educational Management and Leadership, Policy, Legal, and Financial Issues in Education 73 Determinant Factors Affecting the Quality of Private UniversitiesNani Sutarni, B.Lena Nuryanti, Achmad Hufad Fakultas Pendidikan Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This research raises the phenomenon of the quality of private universities in West Java which is not relatively optimal. The purpose of this study is to analyze empirical facts about the relationship structure of factors affecting the quality of private universities by looking at the relevance of these factors through the Education Criteria for Performance Excellence of the Baldrige System. This research applies quantitative approach by using descriptive and verifikatif methods. This research was conducted in two private universities in West Java, namely Universitas Kuningan (Uniku) and Universitas Galuh (Unigal). The population of the study were 343 lecturers with a sample of 181 respondents. Data were analyzed using path analysis. The results showed that the quality of college, leadership, strategic planning, customer focus, system management, focus on human resources, and management of learning process at Universitas Kuningan (Uniku) and Universitas Galuh (Unigal) are included in moderate or sufficient category. Topic: Educational Management and Leadership, Policy, Legal, and Financial Issues in Education 74 Sustainable Professional Development For Teachers: What is needed?Wiedy Murtini, Hery Sawiji, Subroto RApih Universitas Sebelas Maret Abstract Based on the results of Teacher Competency Test (UKG) in 2016, Central Java province gets second place with a value of 63.30. The achievement of these values is still not satisfactory, so it is necessary to be re-upgraded through the activities of Sustainable Professional Development (PKB). The purpose of this study are: 1) Conducting analysis of problems faced by Vocational High School Teachers majors Office administration in Central Java province. 2) Conduct a needs analysis of the development activities of Sustainable Professional Development for Vocational High Schools Teachers majors Office administration in Central Java Province. This research uses a qualitative method with case study research approach. The research was conducted in Central Java Province with research population that is Teacher of Vocational High School majors Office Administration. Sample selection technique using purposive sampling. Data retrieval techniques in this study include in-depth interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGD), and document studies. The results of this study are :1) Found some problems experienced by research subjects ie Lack of professional competence, lack of pedagogic competence, lack of mastery of IT, too much teaching load, the number of additional tasks and the lack of training. 2) The main needs of research subjects to develop their competence, among others: Increased involvement in training and competency improvement activities both professional and pedagogic, Capacity building on writing scientific papers, Training on scientific publication techniques in scientific seminars or journals. Topic: Educational Management and Leadership, Policy, Legal, and Financial Issues in Education 75 SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS: SITUASIONAL LEADERSHIP AND SCHOOL CULTUREAan Komariah, Mawardi, Abu Bakar UPI Abstract This research was based on the lack condition of elementary-school’s effectiveness in Aceh Tengah Region. The purpose of this research is to describe situational leadership, school culture, and school effectiveness in the governmental elementary schools in Aceh Tengah. The approach used in this research is quantitative approach with descriptive method. The samples are 40 schools with 124 respondents. The result illustrates that situational leadership as the independent variable had been positively and significantly affecting the school effectiveness. Furthermore, the school effectiveness as the dependent variable had been positively and significantly affected by the school culture as the independent variable. Then, it is safe to conclude that both situational leadership and school culture have positive and significant impact on the school effectiveness. The recommendation suggested regarding the result is that the principal as the school leader should be able to lead all school personnel, so they can possibly do their jobs thoroughly, also the teachers should be able to teach and educate communicatively to the students. Topic: Educational Management and Leadership, Policy, Legal, and Financial Issues in Education 76 IMPLEMENTATION OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP ASPECT OF INSPIRASIONAL MOTIVATION BEHAVIOR IN LEADERSHIP OF HIGHER EDUCATION ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENTDr. Diding Nurdin, M.Pd dan Bambang Ismaya, M.Pd Departemen Administrasi Pendidikan FIP Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI) dan Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang Abstract Transformational leadership supports higher education to frame their attitudes to shift their university forward. It has four leader higher education characteristics. Of these, idealized influence is defined as leader’s behavior and the follower’s attributions about the leader. Inspirational motivation refers to the ways by which transformational leaders motivate and inspire those around them. Individualized consideration represents the leader’s continuing effort to treat each individual as a special person and act as a mentor; who attempts to develop their potential. Finally, intellectual stimulation represents the leader’s higher education effort to stimulate followers to be innovative and creative to define problems and approach them in new ways. It is considered that who demonstrate these leader higher education characteristics of transformational leadership have effects on satisfaction leader University UII Yogyakarta and better performance at university. Therefore, this study purposes to discover the level of transformational leadership that higher education demonstrate at higher education during their administrative practices on daily basis. Results reveal that university demonstrate high level of characteristics of transformational leadership in terms of idealized influence, inspirational motivation, individualized consideration and intellectual stimulation behaviors. Topic: Educational Management and Leadership, Policy, Legal, and Financial Issues in Education 77 “I” at the Centre of Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas in Educational LeadershipCecep Somantri ; Sardin School of Education, The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom (UK) Abstract The notion of ethics has been the focus of attention in educational leadership over time. This happens by no surprise given that values and ethics lie at the heart of leading learning (Duignan and Collins, 2003; Bush and Glover, 2014), and ethical dillemmas are ‘the bread and butter’ of educational leaders’ lives (Cranston, Ehrich, and Kimber, 2006). However, what is actually ethics? What makes educational leadership ethical? What are the ethical dilemmas in it? And how could educational leaders respond to ethical dilemmas? By reviewing relevant literature and research in educational leadership from the last three decades, this paper seeks to find answers to these questions. It is found that although ethics is highly contested, there appears to be an agreement that it is about relationships. In addition, as both a profession and a moral activity, educational leadership is by itself an essentially ethical activity. The most troublesome ethical tensions emerge when leaders are faced with ‘right versus right’ dilemmas. By critically examining the key elements of various models and approaches to confront ethical dilemmas, it is suggested there is a strong emphasis on the importance of being self-critical for educational leaders to be able to (re)solve ethical dilemmas. Topic: Educational Management and Leadership, Policy, Legal, and Financial Issues in Education 78 Students’ Perception of the Quality of Pedagogy Course in Higher EducationGema Rullyana, Nadia Hanoum, Laksmi Dewi Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Teachers college is a place where students learn and develop their pedagogical competence and pedagogy course is one the main ways to achieve this. However, the quality of pedagogy course is still questioned because there have been some criticisms on the quality of the graduates. Therefore, it is crucial to gain insight on the strength and weaknesses of the current practice of pedagogy course held by teachers college. This study aims to obtain information about the current practice of pedagogy course organized by teachers college and identify problems that need to be addressed in order to improve the quality of the course. This study is also resulted in some recommendations to improve the effectiveness of pedagogy course learning process which will allow students to develop their pedagogical competence as future teachers. This study used quantitative descriptive method and employed questionnaire to collect the data. The questionnaires were given to 21 students taking pedagogy course, who then assessed elements of the learning process that could help develop pedagogical competence. Based on the results of data analysis, it was found that although the learning materials were structured systematically and delivered in ways that encourage active learning, students still found some concepts difficult to comprehend. In other words, the curriculum was already good but the learning process still needed improvement in terms of the variety of methods and media used. In addition, increasing the collaborative process between lecturers and students in designing the course is also recommended. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 79 THE ROLE OF ZAKAT IN IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF CHILDRENS EDUCATION (Case Study at ‘SD Juara’ and ‘SMP Juara’ Bandung)Priyanka Permata Putri, Danica Dwi Prahesti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Equity education is an important issue that has not been resolved until now. School-aged children from low-income groups have not received a proper education and are not even receiving the proper education. One effort to solve the problem is the utilization of zakat fund accumulation for the provision of education for the underprivileged through educational programs. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of zakat funds through ‘Rumah Zakat’ in providing opportunities and quality education for Indonesian children by taking the case in ‘SD Juara’ and ‘SMP Juara’ Bandung. The type of this research is qualitative research and data source comes from primary data and secondary data. The results of this study indicate that the zakat funds have a significant contribution to the opportunities and quality education for students of the underprivileged. It can be seen from: (1) Increased knowledge and skills for children. (2) Providing decent educational access for the poor, (3) The existence of educational equity, (4) The existence of moral improvement for the next generation. Effective and efficient zakat fund management, as well as syariah, creates qualified and religious human resources through education programs. These efforts are in line with government efforts in developing national education. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 80 Accounting Education Challenges in The New Millennium Era: Impact of Advanced of Technology and Dynamic Business EnvironmentSofik Handoyo and Syaiful Anas Universitas Padjadjaran Abstract The new Millennium era is closely associated with turbulence business environment along with advanced of Information and technology. Job market demands university graduates to concern not only technical skills but also beyond that. Accounting education institutions must respond the changes by providing education systems that comply with market expectation. This paper describes critical thinking related new orientation of accounting education institutions in responding current advanced of technology and dynamic business environment. This paper describes mainly about Implication of Advanced of Technology and Dynamics Business on accounting education in higher institutions. The paper covers three main broad topics namely; The relevancy of Technology and dynamic business environment on accounting profession, Skills required by accounting profession in Millennium Era and New Perspective in Accounting Education Process Accounting academicians need to make an adaptation in terms of teaching method to fulfill market expectation towards accounting graduates. Accounting Education institutions must be aware with their system education, curriculum and learning outcomes. This paper explores some ways in which this might be achieved and some of the challenges to effecting change in accounting education that will have to be overcome. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 81 Teachers’ and Students’ Perceptions on Applying UNBK toward the Implementation of 2013 CurriculumRizka Maulina Wulandari Indonesia University of Education rizka.maulina10[at]student.upi.edu Abstract UNBK (Ujian Nasional Berbasis Komputer) or computer-based test is one of evaluation ways to develop the 2013 curriculum because it deals with the demand of ICT development which students have to be able to gain their knowledge by using the advanced of technology which is appropriate to the 21st century concept. Thus, this study aims at investigating teachers’ and students’ perceptions on applying UNBK toward the implementation of 2013 curriculum at SMKN 11 Bandung. Descriptive qualitative design was employed using a 20-item Likert-scale questionnaire and an interview guideline as the research instruments. The findings showed that teachers and students agreed that UNBK in their school already implemented 2013 curriculum and it could be used to evaluate the learning condition in the school. Meanwhile, in conclusion, teachers mostly agree that the questions written on UNBK are already appropriate with their teaching during the learning process, nevertheless, some students state that there are teachers who still teach them KTSP material whereas in their school they already implements 2013 curriculum for about three years. Therefore, teachers have to change their method to follow the government rules in implementing 2013 curriculum because there are many benefits that students can get. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 82 The Effectiveness of Field Trip in Improving Students Productive Language SkillsSuhartono*, Moh Salimi Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia *suhartono[at]fkip.uns.ac.id Abstract This study aims to improve students productive language skills through field trip strategy. This study is an action research. The subject of this research is PGSD FKIP UNS students. Techniques of data collection using tests of action in the form of speaking and writing tasks. Data analysis using qualitative descriptive analysis techniques. The results of this research indicate that field trip strategy can improve the students productive language skills (speaking and writing). This can be known (1) in student speaking skills show confidence, fluent in conveying ideas with coherent sentences, varied word choice, and communicative style of speech; (2) in writing skills students are able to pour ideas into different forms of essay (narrative, description, exposition, argumentation and persuasion) with regard to the application of the correct composition and spelling rules, and the development of a systematic paragraph. The conclusion of this research is field trip strategy is effective in improving students productive language skills Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 83 IMPLEMENTING THE ADVANCE ORGANIZER MODEL TO IMPROVE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS’ LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVEMENT IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION CLASSKurniasih Indonesia University of Education (UPI) Abstract The purpose of this study is to describe the implementation of advance organizer model to improve learning activities and achievement of students in the philosophy of education class in Primary School Teacher Education Program (PGSD), Faculty of Educational Sciences (FIP), Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI). To this end, a classroom action research was conducted, involving 49 students enrolled in the even semester of lecture year 2015/2016. The data were collected through field notes, observation, and test. Qualitative data were analyzed through the phases of data reduction, data classification, data display, data interpretation, reflection, and conclusion drawing, and quantitative data were analyzed using statistical calculation. The results show that: (1) The implementation of advance organizer model in the philosophy of education class through discussion method requires the syllabus and course unit to be equipped with a teaching scenario. (2) The implementation of advance organizer model improved the teaching and learning activities. The lecturer actively prepared the lesson through a lecturing orientation, chaired students’ discussion, motivated students to learn, and help them relate the materials to their prior knowledge, so the concept map is easily understandable. At the same time, the students actively delivered the material, conferred with each other, drew a concept map, and answered questions. (3) The implementation of advance organizer model improved student absorption rate up to 77% from 68% in the previous year. It is recommended that the advance organizer model be implemented not only in the philosophy of education class, but also in other classes Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 84 THE IMPLICATION OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS’ MISPERCEPTIONS OF PHILOSOPHY FOR THE EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENTTatang Syaripudin Primary School Teacher Education Program, Department of Pedagogy, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia Abstract Using a descriptive method, this research was aimed to describe: 1) students’ misperceptions about philosophy that became an inhibiting factor for them to study the philosophy of education and 2) the implication of students’ misperceptions about philosophy for the development of educational philosophy curriculum. The research subjects were students enrolled in the Primary School Teacher Education Program (PGSD) of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI). The data were collected through questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis was carried out through: data reduction, data classification, data interpretation, implication analysis, and conclusion drawing. The result showed that there were misperceptions of PGSD students about philosophy. In their perceptions, philosophy was deemed as: 1) not applicable to the everyday life practice, as irrelevant knowledge, and too mysterious or mystical, 2) difficult to learn, 3) a dangerous knowledge that could lead to apostasy, 4) unnecessary and not having any actual benefits for everyday life, 5) useless because it did not provide technical problem solving guide. The implication for the educational philosophy curriculum development is that the lecturer should first introduce the nature of philosophy to the students before teaching them various schools of educational philosophy. This included teaching them the definition of philosophy, the characteristics of philosophy, the difference between philosophy and science, religion, and arts, and the benefits of philosophy for everyday life. This way, their misperceptions about philosophy could be eliminated, and so were the inhibitors in learning philosophy Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 85 OBSTACLES IN MANAGEMENT OF ECO-FRIENDLY SUPPORTING FACILITIES IN A NON-ADIWIYATA PRIMARY SCHOOL AS AN EFFORT TO INCREASE THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY DEVELOPMENT (ESD) IN INDONESIAAprilia Eki Saputri Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This research is motivated by the small number of schools winning Adiwiyata in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to describe the management of eco-friendly supporting facilities of primary schools that have not received achievement of Adiwiyata School. The pattern of facilities management resulting from this research can be used as the identification of the problem and the shortage of the school to become Adwiyata school.This study utilized a qualitative approach with case study methods that are implemented in several non-Adiwiyata primary schools in Bandung. In-depth observations and interviews are the techniques applied in collecting data. In addition, documentary studies are conducted to strengthen and enrich the more reliable data collection. The data obtained were analyzed qualitatively. The data analysis used Miles and Huberman interactive model which included reduction, presentation, and data verification.The results of this study indicate that one of the obstacles experienced by many schools in Indonesia to become Adiwiyata school lies in the management of eco-friendly means of support. Two standards of management of eco-friendly support facilities established by the government are not well met by schools that are not yet achieved Adiwiyata school. The non-implementation of the two standards is due to the two most basic inhibiting factors, namely: inadequate funding and insufficient human resources. The Indonesian government needs to formulate a solution based on the results of this research to improve the quality of ESD implementation in Indonesia. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 86 DEVELOPMENT OF READING GUIDANCE WITH SETS (SCIENCE, ENVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY) VISION IN NATURAL SCIENCE LEARNING IN PRIMARY SCHOOLAsep Saefudin Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This study aims to produce a product of reading guidance which is characterized with science, environment, technology, and society (PMBSETS), and to find out the effectiveness and practicality of PMBSETS in class. The research method applied is research and development model of Borgand Gall modified by Sugiyono, with Single-One Group Pretest-Posttest experimental design. The sample of this research is a class VI of primary school (SD) in one district of Cirebon. The instruments used were pretest, posttest, questionnaire, observation sheet, and documentation which were then analyzed by qualitative descriptive and quantitative descriptive analysis techniques. The results showed that PMBSETS was characterized, effectively and practically in science classroom learning. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 87 CRITICAL LITERACY EDUCATION WITH PROBLEM POSING APPROACH: AN ALTERNATIVE FOR CRITICAL LEARNING PRACTICE IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLAni Hendriani, Teguh Ibrahim, Pupun Nuryani Primary School Teacher Education Program, Department of Pedagogy Faculty of Educational Sciences Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Abstract: The background of this research is the fact that it is hard to find critical literacy based texts in 2013 curriculum textbooks. Critical literacy based text is a text that contains representation of power, injustice, eksploitation, ethnical issues, gender issues, powerlessness, and social marginalizatiom. The aim that critical literacy based texts are presented is to evoke students’ critical awareness on social reality in which they should already aware of as a problem that should be chalanged and changed with transformative powered social act. The method of this research is classroom action research model by Kemmis & Taggart. The study was conducted in two cycles consisting of two actions. The participants of this research are 4th grade students of SDN Sarijadi 07 consisting of 30 students. Research showed that (1) the critical literacy education process consists of three stages which are: problematization (pre-reading), cultural discussion (reading), social action (after reading); (2) critical literacy-based learning can develop students ability to write argumentative essays that serve as criticisms or solutions to overcome social inequality. (3) The average value of critical literacy in the first cycle resulted in 65.22 and increased significantly to 78.36 in the second cycle. This study has the significance of enriching the science of multiliteracies pedagogy especially critical literacy-based learning in primary schools. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 88 MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES-BASED LEARNING EVALUATION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLBasuki Wibawa1 and Lukman Nulhakim2 Universitas Negeri Jakarta Abstract ABSTRACT Human development comes from education, both from family life at home and learning experience at school. The education can foster the talent and creativity of the learners as an effort to develop human resources completely. Ideal learning is a learning that makes every student has cognitive, affective and psychomotor abilities. One of the challenges in the world of education lies in how to make students accustomed to thinking critically and creatively in solving problems, thus teachers are required to play an active role in the learning process. The use of multiple intelligences-based learning in learning should still consider the level of student development, so that schools and teachers can meet all the facilities for the interest of sharpening multiple intelligences in accordance with the learning style in proportion to the interaction in the learning process. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 89 APPRECIATIVE INQUIRY TOWARDS THE LEARNING OUTCOME OF THE CHILDRENNike Kamarubiani¹, Ade Romi Rosmia, Nonformal Education Department, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Children and parenting education are generally conducted separately. On the other hand, parenting education is basically undertaken to help the parents to facilitate children development optimally. Based on that thought, the researchers intend to do optimalization on children education through learning group that involves parents’ participation during the process. The research method is quasi experiment with quantitative approach through non-equivalent control grup design. Children’s learning groups that become the subjects are the groups that consist of 20 people of 6-12 years old divided to be two groups, which are 1) experimental group that consists of 10 children accompanied by their parents, and 2) control group that consists of 10 children without parents’ companion. The results of the study are the outcome of Children’s Learning Group using appreciative inquiry method through 1) Social Construction revealing that communication determined by parents and children is more intensive, 2) Image Theory stating that children have image on their future with hope and dream, 3) Grounded Research as the first step to make the children open to their parents, 4) Learning Initiative that make children start to be responsible for their tasks. Children’s Learning Group that uses problem solving method produces the students able to express their experiences, analyze and determine the solution towards the problems experienced, find out and arrange the reasons taken in problem solving, and have courage to state their opinion in writing and orally, and respect the other opinions. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 90 TEACHING MATERIAL IN PROJECT-BASED LEARNING SETTING ON PRIMARY SCHOL LEVEL IN BANDUNG CITYEffy Mulyasari, Andhin Dyas Fitriani, Harsa Wara Prabawa Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This activity is focused on teacher development activities through the implementation of development of thematic teaching material in project-based learning setting. This activity started from several studies of research and initial observation and discussion with teachers at partner schools. The underlying problems are teacher creativity, student independence and evaluation of process and learning outcomes. The subject of this activity is elementary school teachers in Bandung who are also pamong teachers in a professional teacher program. The method that is applied is Participatory Action Learning System (PALS) with the following stages: Awareness phase (identification, discussion, and socialization), participating phase (workshop 1 and workshop 2), scaffolding phase and institutionalization. The results of this activity are a) pedagogic competence increased, (ability to manage learning which includes the ability to design and implement learning and ability to facilitate learners in order to achieve the level of certain understanding and actualize their potentials) and b) Professional competence increased, (the ability to master the learning materials entirely so that it can map the connection that may occur between the material in one subject or even between subjects). This capability is expected to be useful in guiding students to meet established competency standards. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 91 IMPLEMENTATION OF QOLBU MANAGEMENT AS SCHOOL CULTURE IN SMK DAARUT TAUHID BOARDING SCHOOLNurdin Depertemen Administrasi Pendidikan FIP Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract ABSTRACT Good school management should be able to apply qolbu management concept as culture in every activity of school activity. The background of the study is based on the description of the field which shows the implementation of qolbu management that became the culture of the schools management based on the description. The research method used is descriptive method with qualitative approach. Data collection is done through interview process, observation, and documentation study. The results obtained from this research include: (1) aspects that characterize qolbu management as school culture in SMK Daarut Tauhiid Boarding School that is Zikir, Fikir, and Ikhtiar with characteristic of tauhid value, the existence of values, and in the manifestation that is made Rules or norms and habits; (2) The existence of the process of establishing the school culture at SMK Daarut Tauhiid Boarding School is through the selection process by following the academic test, interview test and test read quran, the coaching qolbu management through activities, following Islamic studies, through meeting activities, and the process of habituation is to follow Schedule of activities that have been determined by the school, (3) Implementation of qolbu management as school culture is applied through school programs breathe Islamic values by processing taste, processing the initiative, and processing the heart into greeting behavior, greeting, smiling, polite, courteous. The authors suggest that schools optimize qolbu management in school activities and this should be a habit, schools should also better monitor the students behavior should not be a violation. While suggestions for out of school parents and other stakeholders should always provide support for useful advice on school programs, so as to always survive and excel in the midst of the challenges of the times Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 92 Developing Teaching Multimedia to Improve Elementary Students’ Understanding of Fraction ConceptsAndhin Dyas Fitriani Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung Abstract This research work was focused on developing teaching multimedia to improve understanding about fraction concepts. Students’ understanding about a concept may be influenced by their prior knowledge. In order for the students to construct and understand fraction concepts correctly, interactive multimedia are required to stimulate their understanding. The present study was carried out using a Research And Development (R&D) approach. The subjects were fourth and fifth graders enrolled in some elementary schools located around the campus of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Based on the analyses of the content quality, learning goal alignment, feedback and adaptation, motivation, presentation design, interaction usability, accessibility, reusability, standard compliance, the developed interactive multimedia could be categorized as very good. The utilization of this interactive media improved students’ understanding about fraction concepts. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 93 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MODIFIED LESSON STUDY INTEGRATED WITH PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (PCK) FRAMEWORK TO OPTIMIZE THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERSAndhin Dyas Fitriani 1, Effy Mulyasari 2, Harsa Wara Prabawa3, Rosiana Mufliva 4 Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung Abstract This research was focused on the use of modified lesson study integrated with pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) to optimize elementary school teachers’ professional competence. Professional competence expects teachers to acquire comprehensive knowledge of the subject matters they teach, know teaching methodology in the sense of acquiring theoretical and conceptual knowledge, and able to choose and apply the appropriate method to the teaching process. To solve the teachers’ limited knowledge and skills in exploring subject matters, modified lesson study integrated with PCK framework was implemented in order for them to be able to do thematic instruction. Modified lesson study is aimed to optimize the process and the achievement of every phase by analyzing the content knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, and PCK. The present study was a qualitative-descriptive research. The subject was a teacher-mentor in the Program of Professional Education of Teachers (PPG) of elementary school. The result of the study indicated that the teacher mastered the material, the concept, and the interrelations between different materials within a particular theme. The teacher was able to develop teaching materials and their interrelations, develop integrated assessment, and develop the reflective action ability. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 94 The implemetaion of inquiry method in research method in primary education courceRuswandi Hermawan Primary School Teacher Education Faculty of Science Education University of Education (PGSD FIP UPI Abstract Research method in primary education course is one of the professional skilled based subject (MKPP). This course is aimed at encouraging the students as a pre-service primary school teacher to acquire the expected competence as a professional primary school teachers. By implementing inquiry method in this course, it was expected that the students are familiar with classroom action research concepts and it will eventually encourage them to apply these concept into their classroom action research plan by using appropriate method and well-written works Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 95 INQUIRY MODELS ONE OF THE ALTERNATIVES IN IMPROVING PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ SCIENTIFIC PROCESS SKILLNana Djumhana PGSD FIP UPI Abstract The process of teaching natural sciences in elementary schools is expected to emphasize the development of science process skills, conceptual understanding, conceptual application, and basing natural scientific activities on the current social and environmental issues in accordance with the students’ ages and cognitive development. A scientific work in the dimension of science is a combination of scientific processes and scientific attitudes. As required by the science curriculum, the teaching of natural sciences should put an emphasis on the science process skills. A scientific work requires an improvement in the teaching quality of natural sciences to improve students’ learning achievement, participation, science process skills, and scientific attitudes. The inquiry model is assumed to be able to reinforce the teaching quality of natural sciences in elementary schools. At the same time, the inquiry model is considered an alternative of development model in this study. This study is a descriptive experiment using the matched subjects design, in which a pretest and posttest were conducted on students attending lessons on natural sciences in elementary schools (Sevilla,1993). A study of its like aims at describing the condition of an existing phenomenon objectively (Demsey,1996; Notoatmodjo,1993). The results revealed that there was a decline in the poor category from 70% to 10%. It goes to say that the inquiry model could improve elementary school students’ science process skills including: observing, posing questions, clarifying, predicting, communicating, interpreting, formulating a hypothesis, planning an experiment, applying concepts, and concluding. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 96 English Story Book Development for Primary School StudentsEffy Mulyasari Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Learning media is one of the important tools that can support learning achievement in the classroom. A story book as a media has to be adjusted with the lesson plan developed by each class teacher. Many English story books can be used in teaching English, but occasionally do not cover all matter to be taught by the teacher. This research used R & D (Research and Development) developed by Sugiyono covering observe potential and problems, data collection, design the product, validation the design, revision the design, trial the design, revision of products, trial of products in broader scope, revision of products, mass productions. Hence, teachers can develop own story book to be used referred to a good story book. The criteria of a good story book includes interesting pictures, correct vocabulary and its picture, meaningful sentence pattern, appropriate size and fonts of letters, and appropriate matter with its age. As evidence, by the proper used media of an English story book, the students’ achievements in the second grade of KA primary school has achieved 100% or excellent. This pilot development story book of English indicated that a primary school teacher is able to develop English storybook with guidance counterparts lecturers and the companion. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 97 MOBILE GAME EDUCATION FOR DEVELOPING SOFT SKILL OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTSCepi Riyana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract One of the innovations to develop childrens character (softskill) is through the use of Mobile Game Education. It is an online game application that is operated using mobile communication devices such as smartphones and tablets. This research aims to develop models of Mobile Game applications that have character education teaching about softskill such as: ability to communicate, cooperate, problem solving, creative thinking, collaboration and others. The results of this study are (1) Design of Computer based game model using game format, which aims to provide atmosphere or environment that provides learning facilities to develop students skills in attitude / softskill aspect. This is in accordance with the profile of mobile game application designed by considering aspects and characteristics of objectives, materials, students and the availability of facilities. (2) Procedure in conducting development of mobile game media in this research through stages: (a) Conducting Need Analysis of Mobile Game Model, (b) Conducting Soft Skill Competence analysis. This activity describes what soft skill competencies are required by students who will be integrated with mobile games, (c) Product Design Development, (d) Software Development in the form of program development using Programming language and Edge Animed software, (e) Software Testing / Validation which is done in stages, ie limited trials involving end users and expert judgment, (f) Product Dissemination conducted through dissemination of research results. (3) From the interviews with teachers and end users (teachers), there is generally a positive response to the use of mobile game media as a medium in developing the character and softskill of elementary school students. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 98 PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS ASSESMET ( INSTRUCTIONAL BASED ASSESMENT)Toto Fathoni Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Abstract : Orientasi pendidikan pada saat ini mengalami pergeseran dari penekanan pada penguasaan ilmu pengetahuan kepada pengembangan penguasaan keterampilan yang dibutuhkan oleh peserta didik pada era abad Ke-21. Keterampilan yang dibutuhkan peserta didik yaitu; kemampuan berpikir kritis dan pemecahan masalah (critical thingking and problem solving skills), kemapuan komunikasi dan bekerja sama (communicationand collaboration skills), kemampuan mencipta dan memperbaharui (creativity and innovation skills), literasi teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (information and communication technology literacy), kemampuan belajar kontekkstual (contextual learning skills, kemampuan informasi dan literasi media (information and madia literacy skills), Sebagai implikasi dari tuntutan pendidikan abd ke-21 tersebut, pembelajaran tidak lagi diorientasikan kepada upaya membimbimbing dan mengarahkan siswa, melainkan siswa dituntut untuk berinisiatif dan mengarahkan dirinya sendiri untuk belajar. Pembelajaran berbasis assesmen merupakan salah satu model pembelajaran yang dapat diandalkan untuk membantu peserta didik mengembangkan kretivitas belajar dan keterampilan berfikirnya. Pembelajaran berbasis assesmen pada dasarnya menggunakan teknik assesmen sebagai strategi pembelajaran (assessment for learning stategy). Assessment for learning adalah proses untuk mencari serta mengumpulkan informasi atau data , kemudian informasi tersebut di interprestasikan dan digunakan untuk menentukan pada posisi mana siswa-siswa telah belajar, apa yang harus dikerjakan kemudian, dan bagaimana cara terbaik untuk mencapai tujuan yang diinginkan. Pada pembelajaran berbasis assessment terjadi proses belajar mandiri (self learning), penilaian oleh diri sendiri (self assessment) dan penilaian mellalui teman sejawat (peer assessment) sebagai kegiatan intinya. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 99 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL BAHASA INDONESIA NATIONAL EXAMINANTION SCORE INAPPROPRIATENESS: A CASE STUDI IN WEST JAVAImas Mulyati, Mohammad Ali Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Score inappropriateness denotes to examinees’ performance in giving wrong answers to the easy items while the right answers is given to the difficult ones. This phenomenon indicates to the presence of item bias. This study addresses the extent to which the West Java senior high school national examinantion results demonstrate score inappropriateness. The study employs a descriptive method conducted to the West Java 2011-2012 UN participants in the subject of Bahasa Indonesia. The data was collected from the Center for Educational Evaluation and was analyzed in two phases, i.e., analysis of item difficulty index and calculation of score inappropriateness index by using Jacob method. Results of the study indicate; 1) 64% of the item difficulty index is categorized as easy. 2) The index of score inappropriateness is 0.6%. This indicates the index is low meaning that there is no significant indication of item bias in the national examination items. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 100 EFEKTIVUTAS MODEL EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KREATIVITAS SISWA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK TERPADU DI SEKOLAH DASARMuthia Alinawati Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji tentang apakan terdapat tingkat ke efektifan penggunaan model pembelajaran tematik di sekolah dasar dengan menggunakan model pembelaran Experiancial Learning, yaitu model pembelajaran yang menekankan pada pemanfaatan lingkungan nyata sebagai bagian dalam melakukan pengamatan secara langsung dalam kegiatan pembelajaran. Metode yang digunakan dalam riset ini adalah kuasi eksperimen dengan desian pre dan postes design. Penelitian ini dilakukan di sekolah Laboratorium UPI terhadap satu kelas eksperimen dan satu kelas control yang maisng masing berjumlah 30 orang siswa, dengan variasi 12 laki-laki dan 18 orang perempuan pada kelas eksperimen dan kelas control laki-laki 10 dan wanita 20. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang sinifikan antara hasil belajar yang menggunakan pembelajaran berbasis Eksperiencial Learning dengan pembelajaran konvensional, dengan demikian penggunaan model tersebut efektif digunakan dalam pembelajaran tematik di sekolah dasar. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 101 Keterampilan Anak Tunagrhaita Mencuci Pakaian Dengan Sistem Magang di Laundry Cling.Prima Dea Pangestu; Tjutju Soendari; Oom Sitti Homdijah Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This paper reports the results of study on six intellectually disable children’s laundry skills during an apprenticeship at a laundry shop in Majalengka, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. These six children’s IQ ranges from 52 to 58, and they have gross motor skills such as loading and unloading washing machines, lifting, moving, and hanging washed clothes. They have fine motor skills such as coupling the washing machine water inlet hose with a faucet, turning the faucet on/off, setting up the washer’s timer. This study employed a quantitative experimental design. The study began with a pretest. The pretest consisted of 65 test items about children’s laundry skills. The pretest average score was 157.4 with a percentage of 67.72%. After a one-month apprenticeship, the posttest was administered. The result revealed that the children obtained an average score of 214.4 with a percentage of 91.61%. It can be concluded that the apprenticeship improved the laundry skills of children with mild developmental disabilities. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 102 Development of Inclusive Education for Children with Special Needs Based on Social-Economic FamilyRury Muslifar, Erwiantoro, Erwan Sulistianto, Itsar Bolo Rangka, Ifdil Ifdil Universitas Mulawarman Universitas Mulawarman Universitas Mulawarman Universitas Indraprasta PGRI Universitas Negeri Padang Abstract Inclusive education is an effort in providing services and equity in education, especially for children with special needs so as to obtain a decent and quality education. The purpose of this study was to analyze comprehensively the education of children with special needs and the supporting factors that improve children with special needs education. The subjects of this study were 20 people. The research procedure includes the stage of the description stage or the orientation stage, reduction stage and selection stage. Data analysis used descriptive analysis. The results showed that parents and family outcomes are important factors in developing the capability of children with special needs in the future, where not only formal education, but also continued to help children with special needs to be better to adapt to the social environment. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 103 A CONSULTATIVE SERVICE MODEL FOR TEACHERS TO IMPROVE READING SKILLS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL THIRD YEAR STUDENTSDr. Musjafak Assajari, M.Pd. Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendiidikan Indonesia Abstract This study was based on the fact that many elementary school third year students are still poor readers and reading guidance provided by the teachers of SDN Sarijadi 3, 4 and 9 was inadequate. The study aims at describing Consultative Service Model for Teacher to Improve Reading Skills of Third Year Students. To achieve this goal, qualitative and quantitative approaches have been adopted. The former was combined with a descriptive method, and the latter with one group pretest-posttest design. A limited scale model tryout was conducted on the students with reading problems. The tryout proved that after the counselor (consultant) provided teachers with consultative service the students (counselees) were able to enhance their reading skills. Hence, the consultative service provided for the teachers has effects on the student reading skills. Based on the finding, the third year teachers are recommended to consider the research finding as an alternative model to solve reading problems facing the third year students. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 104 The Effectiveness of Learning Activity Based Costing (LABC) in Teacher Education Institution based on Science Cluster in Cost Unification Context.Abubakar FIP UPI Abstract Learning Activity Based Cost model is applied and adopted in higher education. The prior concept is Activity based cost. When It based on student learning activity at undergraduate program S1, the researcher named this model as LABC. ABC model is developed in higher education and set by directorate general of Higher Indonesian in calculating cost unification. for higher education. But unfortunately, the problem rose that teacher education institution in adopting and implementing cost unification(UKT/BKT) still received small amount and insufficient than by public university. Meanwhile learning portion for learning practices and theory in this institution used more money than public universities with learning ratio 70:30. for practices and theory due to this institution developed vocational model . The problem is how department or study program in every cluster both UPI and UM as a representative of teacher education with smaller money will able to adopt and implement LABC model effectively suitable with student cost they received and reached high productivity index. Actually there is a gap between actual and expected result by every cluster with fund they received. On the otherhand,, department or study program face the barrier in implementing LABC due to university still using money budget and implement LABC inconsistently. The impact is not only tri dharma unreached the highly level, but also productivity index is low spesifically for research and writing academic journal. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 105 STUDY OF EVALUATION OF LIBRARY ORGANIZATION WITH INDONESIAN NATIONAL STANDARD IN STATE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL BANDUNGLinda Setiawati, Toto Fathoni, Angga Hadiapurwa, Dian Arya Susanti Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Study of evaluation of library organization with Indonesian National Standard in State Junior High School Bandung. This research is motivated by the demands of the implementation of SNI of School Library that has been published in 2009. And it is expected that 5 years after the SNI is published, it can be done. The main issues studied in this research are: "Is the implementation of the State Junior High School library in Bandung is in accordance with the SNI of School Library? This research was conducted with the aim to evaluate the school library scholarship with the SNI of School Library field. The method used in this research is evaluative method. The respondents of this research are the library managers of SMP Negeri Kota Bandung. SNI of School Library itself has been published in 2009 and is expected to be realized after 5 (five) years. Through evaluative analysis, it is expected to bring a positive impact, which in the end can organize school library in accordance with the SNI field library. In general aspects of management, human resources and facilities also infrastructure library based on the SNI has been on good criteria, although not all aspects are met. The recommendation is the school library should meet all the criteria contained in the SNI of the school library field. This is so that the implementation of library programs are standardized and meet the criteria. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 106 Analysis of Doctoral Students’ Research Dissertation Trends in the Department of Educational Administration, Graduate School Studies, Indonesia University of EducationUdin Syaefudin Saud (usaud@upi.edu) Cicih Sutarsih (cicihsutarsih@upi.edu) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Doctoral student’s research dissertations play very important function for both sides, students as well as the enrichment knowledge development within the department. In one side, research dissertation is the basis for students to get doctoral degree in their study, in the other side, it contributes to the enrichment of knowledge development offered by the department. The purpose of this study is to analyze doctoral students’ research dissertation trends in the Department of Educational Administration, Graduate School Studies, Indonesia University of Education, for the period of 2008 to 2015. The study applied meta-analysis method on about 195 dissertation documents produced by doctoral students for the period of 2008 to 2015. Findings of this study show that trends of doctoral student’s research dissertation in the period of 2008 to 2015 are as follow: 1) various topics of management field dominated students’ dissertation research, only small numbers of students studied the field of leadership, policy studies, and ICT implementation within all level of educational organization and school settings; 2) both qualitative and quantitative approaches applied balanced by students in their dissertation research; 3) students’ research dissertation is dominated by applied research rather than basic research as well as evaluative research; and 4) students’ research dissertation contributes more concepts to the enrichment practical educational management rather than to the knowledge development of educational administration. The study recommends that the department should decide in balance the topic of student research dissertation related to the field of study developed, research methodology course should developed R&D in more practical way, and provides supports to students for applying basic research Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 107 EFFECT OF APPLICATION OF INDEX CARD MATCH MODEL ON STUDENT LEARNING RESULT IN LEARNING MATHEMATICS CLASS V SD NEGERI 23 LUBUK ALUNG PADANG PARIAMANSyafni Gustina Sari, Randa Yuheldi Universitas Bung Hatta Abstract This research is motivated by the low of learning result of mathematics of V class student SD Negeri 23 Lubuk Alung Padang Pariaman. One of the efforts made to overcome this is by applying the Index Card Match learning model. The purpose of this study is to compare the proportion of mastery of mathematics learning outcomes of students by applying the model of Index Card Match learning is higher than the proportion of mastery of students learning achievement with conventional learning. Based on the results of the study can be found out the results of both classes study sample after hypothesis testing using chi squared (x2) two independent samples obtained x_count^2 = 4.89 with db = 1 x_count^2 = 4.89 lies between x_table^2= 3,84 then got p <0,05 means H0 is rejected and H1 accepted. The results of this study can be concluded the proportion of students mathematics learning outcomes by applying the model of Index Card Match learning is higher than the proportion of mastery of students learning achievement with conventional learning. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 108 DEVELOPMENT OF LESSON PLANNING MATERIALS THROUGH MODELING TO IMPROVE LEARNING OUTCOMES OF STUDENTS OF INDONESIAN LANGUANGE AND LITERATURE EDUCATION OF UNIVERSITAS PGRI ADI BUANA SURABAYARahayu Pujiastuti and Luluk Isani Kulup Indonesian Language and Literature Education Department, FKIP, Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya Abstract The Lesson Planning course PBSI is very important because it is a prerequisite for the courses of Internship 1, 2, 3 as well as laying the foundation of knowledge to design and develop learning. However, based on the observations, the problem was discovered. It was the limited teaching materials that give real world examples. As a result, the students could not make learning tools properly and thoroughly. Consequently, the lecturers could’n develop learning and obtain the students’ satisfactory learning outcomes. Solution this problem was the development of teaching materials of lesson planning through modeling. Through modeling, the students could perform critical analysis on the existing learning devices so as to obtain appropriate models for use in learning. Based on this, purposes this research to develop the teaching materials of PBSI planning through modeling to improve the learning outcomes of the students Unipa Surabaya; and to reveal the quality of the development results of PBSI planning materials through modeling based on the student responses and the expert assessments. This was a development research using the 4-D model by Thiagarajan and Semmel. The subjects of this study were the 2014 class students and lecturers of PBSI Unipa Surabaya. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 109 IMPLICATION OF NUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER (NHT) MODELS ON RESULTS OF LEARNING MATHEMATICS IN STUDENTS CLASS IV SDN 10 SUNGAI SAPIH KURANJI PADANG CITY1.IRA RAHMAYUNI JUSAR 2. KURNIATI Universitas Bung Hatta Abstract This study aims to describe the effect of model numbered head together on mathematics learning outcomes in grade IV students SDN 10 Sungai Sapih Kec. Kuranji Padang city. The type of this research is experimental research with the population in this study is all students of grade IV SDN 10 Sungai Sapih Kec. Kuranji Padang city, amounting to 167 students. The research design used was randomized control group only design and got IV E class as experiment class and class IV B as control class. Hypothesis testing is done by t-test because the data is normally distributed and the variance is homogeneous. From the data analysis of learning result using cooperative model numbered head together with the average value of 83.54 experimental class and the average value of control class 73,64 with the level of statistical test (α = 0,05) obtained tcount = 3,029 and ttable = 1.668 means tcount> ttable, then hypothesis H1 is accepted. Based on the results of this study can be concluded that there is the influence of model numbered head together on the results of learning mathematics in grade IV students SDN 10 Sungai Sapih Kec. Kuranji Kota Padang at 95% confidence level. Looking at cooperative learning model of type numbered head together gives a positive impact on students mathematics learning outcomes, then teachers should be able to use this learning model. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 110 Penerapan Manajemen Pengetahuan dan Pengembangan Kapasitas Guru Berbasis Kepemimpinan OtentikSuryadi, Asep Suryana Departemen Administrasi Pendidikan Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Di lingkungan yang sangat cepat berubah, persaingan antar sekolah semakin ketat, sumber daya manusia merupakan aset yang sangat penting sebagai subyek pelaksana kebijakan pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan keterkaitan manajemen pengetahuan dan pengembangan kapasitas guru berbasis kepemimpinan otentik kepala sekolah. Model SEM digunakan dalam analisis data yang diperoleh dari survey terhadap 225 responden guru. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat keterkaitan signifikan kepemimpinan otentik terhadap manajemen pengetahuan dan pengembangan kapasitas guru. Penelitian ini juga menunjukan bahwa kepemimpinan otentik memiliki unidimensial dalam manajemen sekolah. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 111 Effectiveness of Using Self Collection Strategy towards Students’ English Vocabulary Mastery on English SubjectSelfa Idriani, English Department, FKIP, Bung Hatta University, Padang, Indonesia idrianis[at]yahoo.com Abstract This research has been purposed to prove whether Self Collection Strategy gives significant effect on the students’ Vocabulary Mastery in English Subject. This research was quasi-experimental research by using the post test-only control group design. The population was the students at Economic Department Bung Hatta University in academic year of 2016/2017. The writer used cluster random sampling to select the samples. To collect the data, the researcher used vocabuary test. The data was analyzed manually by t-test formula. The findings of this research showed that the mean score of students who were taught by using Self Collection Strategy was 78.50. While, the mean score of students who were taught by using group discussion was 62.00. It means that Self Collection Strategy gave significant effect toward their vocabulary mastery on English Subject. The elements of Self Collection Strategy such as heterogeneous group, individual accountability and group reward are considered as the effort for the findings. It indicated that Self Collection Strategy could be used as one of innovative strategy in teaching English subject at Economic Department to increase the students’ vocabulary mastery. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 112 Modified Student Activity Sheet and Improving Problem Solving SkillYayu Nurhayati Rahayu, Dindin Nasrudin, Siti Hamidah Nardiatun, Mila Faizatul Millah UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung Abstract Mastery of 21st Century Skills by pre-service teachers is a necessity. Problem Solving skill is one of them. This study aims to obtain an overview of problem-solving skill in the Basic Physics course after getting the learning by using Student Activity Sheet (SAS) with Problem Based Learning (PBL). This research method uses quasi experimental with one group pretest-posttest design. Sample in this research is 30 pre-service biology teacher in west java taking basic physics course. The result of research indicate that application of SAS with PBL can improve student’s problem solving skill. This research recommends applying this model to other courses. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 113 PENGARUH GERAK IRAMA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN ORIENTASI ARAH PADA SISWA TUNAGRAHITA SEDANG DI SLB C BINA ASIH CIANJURMaman Abdurahman S. dan Azmi A Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Penelitian ini berawal dari penemuan kasus seorang siswa tunagrahita sedang yang tidak dapat membedakan arah kanan, kiri, depan, dan belakang. Siswa tunagrahita sedang mengalami masalah dalam keruangan yang berdampak pada kemampuan membedakan arah (orientasi arah). Permasalahan orientasi arah terjadi pada anak tunagrahita. Oleh karena itu, dibutuhkan suatu intervensi yang dapat meningkatkan kemampuan orientasi arah. Salah satunya dengan menerapkan gerak irama dalam pembelajaran. Dalam hal ini, gerak irama diterapkan dalam pembelajaran melalui serangkaian aktivitas permainan yang menerapkan konsep arah, lagu-lagu tentang arah, dan menari bersama. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh gambaran dan informasi mengenai pengaruh gerak irama terhadap peningkatan kemampuan orientasi arah anak tunagrahita sedang di SLB Bina Asih Cianjur. Metode penelitian yang digunakan Single Subject Research (SSR) dengan desain A-B-A yang terdiri atas tiga fase, yaitu baseline-1 (A1), intervensi (B), dan baseline-2 (A2). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan setelah diberikan intervensi gerak irama, subjek mengalami peningkatan kemampuan dalam orientasi arah. Hal ini dapat terlihat dari peningkatan mean level atau rata-rata kemampuan subjek dalam orientasi arah, mulai dari fase awal baseline-1 (A1) yaitu 59% kemudian meningkat di fase intervensi (B) menjadi 72%, dan meningkat lagi di fase baseline-2 (A2) menjadi 77%. Sehingga gerak irama berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan kemampuan orientasi arah anak tunagrahita sedang. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 114 Drs. MPd.HM. Engkos Kosasih dan Nadia Rahmawati Psikologi Abstract Menuju Pembelajaran Multikultural yang Efektif di Indonesia Engkos Kosasih Nadia Rahmawati Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Indonesia dengan wilayah kepulauan dan keberagaman masyarakatnya menjadikan sekolah harus tutur serta dalam pembelajaran multicultural. Hal ini dimaksudkan untuk mengembangkan sikap saling percaya dan saling memahami antar masyarakat yang pada akhirnya mampu mempertahankan perstauan Indonesia. Kurikulum nasional Indonesia sudah memasukkan pendidikan kewarganegaraan atau pendidikan Pancasila dan pendidikan agama untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut. Namun, hasil nyata dari pelajaran ini dalam kehidupan masih dipertanyakan. Tulisan ini berusaha membahas tiga permasalahan seputar pendidikan multicultural di Indonesia dan mengajukan cara baru yang efektif untuk menyampaikan pendidikan multicultural di sekolah. Kami percaya bahwa pendidikan multicultural tidak hanya mengajarkan nilai namun juga bertujuan untuk membentuk karakter dan keterampilan dan oleh karena itu harus memberi kesempatan kepada siswa untuk belajar mempraktekkanmya dan bersentuhan langsung dengan masalah sosial yang nyata di masyarakat. Kata kunci: pendidikan multicultural, sikap guru, pembelajaran koperatif Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 115 The Effect on Entrepreneurship Subject towards Entrepreneurship Interest for Tourism Higher Education StudentsLestari Ningrum, Novita Widyastuti , Filma Festivalia Trisakti School of Tourism,Jakarta,Indonesia Abstract The higher number of entrepreneurs is one of the features of a developed country. It says that the number of the entrepreneurs is at least two percent of the total population. With a population of 252 million, Indonesia needs approximately 4.8 million entrepreneurs. In order to achieve these figures, there should be a campaign on entrepreneurship movements throughout Indonesia. To do this, various efforts have been conducted to motivate the Indonesian people, especially young people to become entrepreneurs. In this case, higher education holds an essential role for the subject is integrated in curriculum with various teaching methods and techniques. Entrepreneurship in universities refers to Presidential Regulation No. 6, year 2009 stating that: “The Ministry of Education and Culture through the Directorate General of Secondary Education and the Directorate General of Higher Education has implemented entrepreneurship education as a concrete manifestation to foster creative, innovative, supportive and entrepreneurial spirit in educational methodology as the elaboration of Creative Economic Development”. This research employs a correlational descriptive research method, with 2 independent and bound variables. Samples are based on “Slovin” formula with 186 respondents. Besides, reliability, validity, statistical descriptive, correlation and simple linear test are also employed. This study aims to determine how much interest in entrepreneurship is affected by Entrepreneurship Subject. The research reveals that students of The Trisakti School of Tourism are highly inspired by the material presented in Entrepreneurship Subject, and it is able to inspire both their attitudes and behaviors in entrepreneurship, while their entrepreneurship interest is very high, with an average value of 3.5 up to 3.6. The result of the positive and linear relationship between entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship interest in the Trisakti School of Tourism is in medium (0.526), and entrepreneurship interest is influenced by entrepreneurship subject 27.7%. It means that students are interested to start a business after they graduate from college. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 116 OPTIMALISASI DINI PENDENGARAN ANAK TUNARUNGU DENGAN PENGEMBANGAN KOMUNIKASI PERSEPSI BUNYI IRAMA (PKPBI)Dr. Dudi Gunawan, M.Pd. Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Berdasarkan fenomena lapangan, bahwa sebagian besar kebutuhan yang dirasakan siswa tunarungu tentang bahasa dan komunikasi belum mendapatkan pemenuhan dalam pelaksanaannya dan belum efektif, Sementara itu tuntutan bahasa dan komunikasi yang dirasakan siswa tunarungu secara nyata masih terabaikan. Guru masih mengalami kesukaran dalam merumuskan dan mengembangkan materi pelaksanaan Layanan Pengembangan Komunikasi Persepsi Bunyi dan Irama (PKPBI) yang akan diimplementasikan. Untuk menjawab fenomena tersebut perlu diadakan studi yang terpercaya dengan cara memberikan gambaran yang jelas pada guru tentang optimalisasi dini pendengaran anak tunarungu di SLB-B melalui pendekatan Pengembangan Komunikasi Persepsi Bunyi Irama (PKPBI). Dalam hal ini optimalisasi pendengaran diberikan dengan Pengembangan Komunikasi Persepsi Bunyi Irama (PKPBI) yang meliputi indikator yaitu 1) mendeteksi bunyi-bunyi, 2) mengidentifikasi bunyi-bunyi termasuk bunyi bahasa. 3) mendiskrimininasi bunyi, 4) memahami bunyi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Alat pengumpul data yang digunakan adalah wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Teknik pemeriksaan keabsahan data dengan menggunakan teknik triangulasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap sebuah proses kegiatan pendekatan Pengembangan Komunikasi Persepsi Bunyi Irama (PKPBI) Untuk meningkatkan layanan pengembangan komunikasi persepsi bunyi irama (PKPBI). yang mengacu kepada empat aspek kompetensi yaitu 1) Kompetensi Mendeteksi bunyi-bunyi, 2) Kompetensi mengidentifikasi bunyi-bunyi termasuk bunyi bahasa. 3) Kompetensi Mendiskrimininasi bunyi, 4) Kompetensi Memahami bunyi, Penerapan optimalisasi dini pendengaran anak tunarungu di SLB-B melalui pendekatan pengembngan komunikasi persepsi bunyi irama (PKPBI). Indikator efektivitas ditandai oleh, 1) Mendeteksi bunyi-bunyi, 2) mengidentifikasi bunyi-bunyi termasuk bunyi bahasa. 3) Mendiskrimininasi bunyi, 4) Memahami bunyi. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 117 THE READINES OF VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL MANAGEMENT IN IMPLEMENTING 2013 CURRICULUMYulia Rahmawati Indonesia University Of Education Jalan Dr. Setiabudy no.209 bandung Fakulty Vocational Education Tecnology Abstract This study is aimed to get complete description on the readiness of vocational secondary school (SMK) management in Bandung in implementing Curriculum 2013. Readiness means the acceptance of innovation in education, especially in curriculum change that will determine the success of curriculum implementation. Readiness of vocational secondary school management can be identified, among other, are all aspects of school management knowledge and management practice in all elements that performed by principals, vice-principals, and teachers in order to adopt and adapt educational changes, in terms of planning, implementing and evaluating of teaching learning process in the context of curriculum development in school settings. This study uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches. The two combined approaches are applied into action research that is related with research goal in identifying factors on readiness of vocational school management in implementing the 2013 curriculum. The result of study was that in general management of vocational secondary schools have had properly academic readiness and managerial readiness in implementing the 2013 curriculum. In terms of academic readiness, it can be seen that all schools management have provided with syllabus; lesson plan; practicum guideline, and evaluation. In addition, in terms managerial readiness, some among others are having coordination mechanisms between principals with teachers,providing facilities and infrastructure, as well as continuous development program in the development of human resources (HRD) through training and conducting internal focus group discussion in the forum of teachers working groups. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 118 LEARNING BY DOING: HOW TO CREATE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT BASED ON POSITIVE SCHOOL CULTUREDra. Sintowati Soetanto, M.Ed & Dionysia I. T. Tjitra, S.Si. M.Ed Assembly of Aquiladu EduCoach (Educational Consultant) Abstract Usually, a growing school emphasize on the knowledge-centered environment perspective, where students get the environments that help them knowledgeable by learning in ways that lead to understanding and then transfer. But, is it the only perspective for building a good learning environment? Through serious examination on our experiences, we were able to recognize the other perspectives involved in, such as learner-centered environments, assessment-centered environments and community-centered environments. How does school culture contribute in this? Is it worthy to give more attention on maintaining a healthy school culture? A research conducted by the former principal showed one of the conclusion of maintaining effective school culture was the discovery of new habit as lifelong learners. The research implications revealed how school culture formed by the role of school leaders and teachers. This research was using the determinant of effective school culture based on Arizona Department of Education and RMC Research Corporation (n.d.). These analyzed experiences will be useful for any school leaders and teachers to realize how big the role of learning environment is and willingly to take part as we are facing the challenge of 21st century education. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 119 Development Model Career Coaching For Graduates UniversityZahara Tussoleha Rony Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya Abstract This study aims to examine and develop the model career coaching preparing university fresh graduates in establishing the first step selection career. The method used is research development. The study was conducted on 20 students graduated Unsyiah class of 82 to 86. Phases in research activities is the development of needs analysis, makes beginning of the program, conduct expert test, revising the program, and perform field tests, with the result that syntax career coaching model. As for knowing the effectiveness of the program, the researchers conducted observation (field tests), focus group discussion (FGD) and interview with informants. Based on interviews, observation and field testing of this program has a very feasible interpretation category. In the end, this study produced a learning model that is "coaching career". Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 120 Decentralisation and Effective School Leadership: Expectation versus RealityCecep Somantri School of Education, The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom (UK) Abstract Decentralisation is a management reform that is widely believed to promise a range of benefits in transforming the effectiveness of local governance and broaden local participation. By 1999, nearly all countries in the world were experimenting with decentralisation, at least in policy level. In line with it, education is one of the sectors that has been affected by decentralisation. In a devolved education system, schools are given both autonomy and responsibilities in decision-making authority. At school level, those who receive the transferred-authority are mainly principals, and hence, they have broadened-roles and responsibilities. However, research and literature drawn from more than four decades show that a devolved environment urges for accountability that is oftentimes regarded as pressure and dilemma by school leaders and teachers. When the curriculum and standardised tests remain under the control of central government, accountability is valued in the context of performativity. Furthermore, it is also evident that a devolved education system requires an approach that does not lead to solitude autonomy, segregated collaboration and regulation-based accountability. Therefore, there is an urgency to have s systemic solution that acknowledges the important role of principals, clarifies the responsibilities and roles of principal, and develops capacity of principals. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 121 ATTENTION DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) IN PRESCHOOL CHILDRENNur Faizah Romadona Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder is now known as a developmental disorder persisting over the lifespan. Starting at preschool-age, symptoms vary depending on the age group affected. Preschool age children with symptoms of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at-risk for rejection from peer and expulsion from preschool setting due to disruptive and noncompliance behavior. Removal from preschool will limit the child’s exposure to preacademic instruction and socialization. Despite the difficulties in diagnosing in preschool-age, it has been estimated that 2% of this children meet the diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Parents and teachers should have knowledge about ADHD to manage the preschool child with symptoms of ADHD. Without early intervention, the symptom will continue and often escalate at school-age. Early interventions for preschool with symptoms of ADHD are medications, parent-training, behavior-management interventions, and combination interventions. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 122 Error Analysis of Trigonometric Problem Solving by Vocational High School Students Based on Differences in Ability and Cognitive StyleL Nugraheni, N Fathonah, S Rahayu, E Widhiarni Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama Surabaya Abstract The purpose of this study was to describe the locations, types and contributing factors of the students of mechanical Vocational High Schools in solving trigonometry problems. This was descriptive research. The research was conducted in three vocational high schools. The main instrument in this research was the researcher himself. Other instruments used in the research were test of mathematical ability (TOMA), The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT), trigonometry problem solving tasks and interview guides. The research data were analyzed in four stages, namely: data categorization, data reduction, data presentation, conclusion drawing. The results obtained by discovering the locations, types, and contributing factors of the students’ errors could reveal whether or not the learning that had been implemented in accordance with the goals to be achieved. By doing the analysis of the students’ errors, the appropriate learning model to improve their understanding of trigonometric problem solving in particular and improve the mathematic learning outcomes in general is therefore recommended. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 123 The Influence of the Lecture Method and Question-Answer Method of Teaching towards the Historical Thinking of Learners On History SubjectElfa Michellia Karima, Mestika Zed History Department, Universitas Negeri Padang Abstract The history learning in school aims to foster the historical thinking skills of learners. One essential way to improve the historical thinking skills is by using an effective learning method. In the recent project, the researcher will therefore turn the attention towards the lecture method and Question-Answer method of teaching mostly conducted by the teacher in the classroom. To investigate the matter, the present study focuses on the entire high school students (SMA) in Bandung as its population and 412 learners are selected randomly as its sample. The approach used in this project is quantitative, and the survey method is employed to collect the data and in turn it is analyzed by using the multiple linear regression. The results showed that the lecture method influenced the historical thinking skills of learners as many as 6.9% while 29.5% of the Question-Answer method of teaching influenced the learners’ historical thinking skills while the rest is influenced by other factors not addressed in this study. The findings disclosed that one considerable attempt that can be used by teachers to foster the historical thinking skills of learners is through the Question-Answer method of teaching that intends to encourage students to be more active. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 124 A case study of NL influence in students’ interlanguageIrmala Sukendra Universitas Islam Syekh Yusuf Tangerang Abstract Contrary to the fact that English is being taught to Indonesian students starting from early age, many Indonesians still thrive in learning English. Krashen (1982:10) states that “language acquirers are not usually aware of the fact that they are acquiring language, but are only aware of the fact that they are using the language for communication”, yet second language acquisition has several obstacles for learners to face and yet the successfulness of mastering the language never surmounts to the one of the native speakers. Learners have never been able to acquire the language as any native speakers do. Mistakes are made and inter-language is unavoidable. McNeili in Ellis (1985, p. 44) mentions that “the mentalist views of L1 acquisition hypothesizes the process of acquisition consists of hypothesis-testing, by which means the grammar of the learner’s mother tongue is related to the principles of the ‘universal grammar’.” Thus this study intends to find out whether the students go through the phase of interlanguage in their attempt to acquire second language and whether their interlanguage forms similar system as postulated in Krashen’s hypotheses. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 125 Learning Class Management Inclusion In Building Value And Caring Reverence For Students In Government Primary School Of 3 In Bengkulu TengahDr. Puspa Djuwita, M.Pd Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Bengkulu, Jalan WR. Supratman Bengkulu Abstract This study aims to describe, 1) how teachers develop curriculum in making plans of learning that build awareness and respect, 2) how the implementation of learning inclusion on class in building caring and respect for the students, 3) how to evaluate the value of awareness and awards that which develop for student themselves, (4) how the monitoring of learning activities by the headmaster, 5) any constraints that arise in the implementation of inclusion classes in building the value of caring and respect. Research method using qualitative research approach, data collected through observation, interview, and documentation. Sources of information are teachers and headmaster. Data analysis is done during field and after field. The research generated a general conclusion that inclusive classroom learning management in building caring and respect values has not been fully implemented. The specific conclusions are: A) the learning plan by the teacher with combining the curriculum between duplication and modification (with slight changes to indicator, objectives and depth of teaching materials or modifications on some aspects); B) the implementation of learning that builds the value of care and respect for student has not been done programed; C) evaluation of the development of values of care and respect for the students themselves, has not been done programmed. Assessment by teachers more on peformen cooperation and student participation and academic ability; D) monitoring conducted from headmaster in school assisted by school supervisors, monitoring results are used as a basis for providing assistance and guidance for improvement of teacher skills in managing inclusion classes, especially in dealing with students learning difficulties ABK; E) problem that arise in the implementation of inclusion classes in building values of caring and respect are barriers in communication between teachers and ABK. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 126 INDEPENDENCY SURVEY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD IN CIREBONFiqih Rachmalia Astrini, Aan Listiana, Yeni Rachmawati UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA Abstract For early child, Independency is necessary things to have in order to be applied in daily life and effect on success gaining, achievement and also life quality. Nonetheless there are many parent and teachers whom are not really put in serious attention to develop the discipline behaviour for child. As the Pilot project of research study to capture the level of early childhood way of independency in Cirebon. The research uses quantitative descriptive approaching of survey method. The research population would be 2500 Kindergarten Children in Cirebon who spread on 85 institutions. By Cluster sample. As for data analysis technique would be quantitative descriptive. The tools to measure the level of early childhood independency is the questioner established by Listiana and Amanah 2017. Based on the research, it was found that children with high category of independency were 0,0%, moderate category 1,105 childrens (44,2%) and low category 1,395 childrens (55,8%). Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 127 The Effectiveness of Hand Puppets Dubbing Towards Speaking Ability of ChildsGemala Ranti State University of Jakarta Abstract This research is motivated by the ability of speaking a child in Pertiwi I Kindergarten Padang Governors Office that has not been optimally developing. The reason is the lack of teachers’ ideas and creativities in creating media and learning that appeals to children and also teachers are still monotonous in determining learning methods to increase the ability of speaking in Children. The method used quantitative approach that’ shaped quasi experiment. The population of the research is the students of Pertiwi I Kindergarten Padang Governors Office that is located in Koto Tinggi Padang Timur street, West Sumatra. Pertiwi I Kindergarten Padang Governors Office has 77 students that is devided itu 4 study groups. The first group is group A which is 18 students, Then group B1 is 19 students, group B2 is 20 students, and group B3 is 20 students. The research is conducted for 2 months which is from August to September continously by two classroom teachers in experimental class and control class. The sample collection of this research is sampling purposive technique, that is the sample selection with the particular consideration. This study aims to know the effectiveness of hand puppets dubbing of the ability to speak a child in Pertiwi I kindergarten Governorss Office of Padang. The technique of data collection is a test. Then the data is processed with the difference tests (t-test). Based on the calculation of the t-test in this study was obtained t_count (3.26) is greater than t_(table) (2.024 which indicates that there are significant differences between these two classes. It can be concluded that the use of hand puppets dubbing gives significant influence on childrens speaking abilitys. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 128 Study The Literature On Maritime Education Innovation For EarlyGemala Ranti State University of Jakarta Abstract The maritime education is an effort to provide marine biological resources to the children from an early age, and to motivate the development of natural resource conservation practices in coastal areas. Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world which has 17,480 large and small islands and 95,181 km of coastline. The wide of the land area is only 1.9 million km2, then75% of Indonesias territories consist of oceans, comprising 3.1 million km2 of sea territory and 2.7 million km2 of exclusive economic zone (ZEE). Therefore, to maintain and preserve the great marine biological resources need to be given maritime education for early childhood. The background of this research is the fact in the field that shows people in coastal areas prefer to work and live on land rather than settling in coastal areas. This is the reason why maritime education should be given in the golden age to the early childhood. The research method used is the study of literature study with the hope that researcher can examine the innovation of maritime education given to early childhood. The data collection is done by using some reviews and exploiting books, documents, internet and other relevant sources. The results of this study concluded that maritime education innovation for early childhood is very important and gave a good influence in developing insight and love of children to marine biological resources. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 129 EVALUATION INSTRUMENT DEVELOPMENT FOR TRANSLATION LEARNINGAnam Sutopo (a) Titis Setyabudi (b) English Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta Abstract ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to develop the evaluation instrument for translation learning process. This study applies a qualitative research approach. The sources of data are informants and documents. The techniques for collecting data used in this study are in depth interviewing and content analysis. To check the validity of data, the writer uses expert judgment. To analyze the collected data, the writer applies interactive analysis. The result of the study shows that there are two aspects used in developing the evaluation instrument for translation learning process; namely accuracy and readability aspects. The Evaluation should be built based on the learning objective. The aspect of accuracy is made based on whether there is similar message between source language and target language or not while the readability aspect could be reflected whether the target language is easy to read and to understand or not. The scoring of the two aspects is formulated in the form of four criteria with the score range of 1 to 4 scale. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 130 The Implementation of Multicultural- Based Instructional Materials in Improving Students Achievement Result at Surakarta Primary SchoolLatifatul Jannah. Suharno. Triyanto Sebelas Maret University Abstract The design of the research is a quantitative research. This research was conducted at grade 4 of elementary school in Surakarta. The purpose of this research is (1) to investigate the influence of the applied Curriculum lesson 2013 in learning, (2) to investigate the influence of applied instructional material based on multicultural instructional material and (3) to investigate the difference of influence between original version of Curriculum 2013 instructional materials and multicultural based instructional materials. The result of this study is that the average scores of students using original version of Curriculum 2013 instructional materials increased from 61.2 to 68.66, the mean score of students using multicultural based instructional materials increased from 61.86 to 77.46. By taking an example of theme 7, original version of Curriculum 2013 instructional materials of Curriculum 2013 could improve students’ learning outcomes, but additional multicultural-based instructional materials are more effective in improving student learning outcomes of Curriculum 2013. Multicultural instructional material can be integrated in the development of instructional material which stimulates the students to bemore knowledgeable. By introducing multicultural instructional material, students can develop their nationality feelings, and appreciate the diversities of various cultures for unity in Indonesia order to be tolerant among people. Topic: Educational research for development 21st century learning 131 EDUCATIVE TEACHING MEDIA BASED ON INDONESIAN CULTURE FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTSEka Zuliana, Ika Oktavianti, and Yuni Ratnasari Muria Kudus University Abstract Education character of Indonesian culture is a part that integrated of 2013 Curriculum. The aim of education character is creating a quality generation. There are five principles that serve as guidelines in strengthening character education, they are religious, nationalism, self-reliance, mutual cooperation and integrity. To develop the nations cultural character, it is needed to develop a supporting learning media. Business Unit of educative teaching media PGSD Muria Kudus University produces educative teaching media based on national character for primary school students, such as Cubeecraft Indonesian Character, Marionette Tangram based on Indonesian Legend, Siputmatika, traffic park diorama, Engklek Monopoly, Thematic Puzzle, Hand Dolls of Batik Bakaran, Eclipse and parts of human body Topic: Empowering local wisdom 132 The Empowerment of Environmentally Friendly WomenAchmad Hufad, Joni Rahmat Pramudia, Muhammad Irfan Hilmi PLS FIP UPI Abstract Kondisi perempuan perdesaan pada umumnya bekerja sebagai ibu rumah tangga dengan tingkat pendidikan rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberdayakan ibu-ibu rumah tangga yang tidak bekerja dengan mengolah limbah rumah tangga dan memanfaatkan pekarangan rumah. Artikel ini mengidentifikasi bagaimana memberdayakan perempuan dengan memanfaatkan sampah organic maupun non organic untuk mengurangi kerusakan lingkungan dan meningkatkan produktivitas ibu rumah tangga. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan jumlah informan 10 orang ibu rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian ini menggambarkan bahwa ibu rumah tangga dapat meningkatkan ekonomi keluarganya dengan memanfaatkan kearifan lokal dalam mengolah sampah dengan benar, menjadi pupuk organik untuk membudidayakan tanaman hias dan memanfaatkan sampah non organic menjadi kerajinan berkualiatas tinggi serta dapat mengelola sistem keuangan dengan baik Topic: Empowering local wisdom 133 The Empowerment of Environmentally Friendly WomenAchmad Hufad, Joni Rahmat Pramudia, Muhammad Irfan Hilmi PLS FIP UPI Abstract The condition of rural women generally works as housewives with low education level. This study aims to empower housewives who do not work by processing household waste and utilizing the yard of the house. This article identifies how to empower women by utilizing organic waste to reduce environmental damage and increase the productivity of housewives. The research method used qualitative method with number of informant 10 housewife. This study designs a household waste processing activity that produces organic fertilizer used to cultivate ornamental plants by utilizing the yard of the house. The result of this research is able to increase the awareness of women to maintain the environment, synergize with the environment, foster creativity and entrepreneurial spirit through the cultivation of ornamental plants so that the creation of "environmentally friendly" house. Topic: Empowering local wisdom 134 YOUTH EMPOWERMENT THROUGH A LOCAL POTENTIAL-BASED ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAININGMustofa Kamil, Dadang Yunus, Cucu Sukmana PLS Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The youth-dominated unemployment rate at productive ages is a current social problem that should be addressed immediately. The youth should be the economic driving force by utilizing local potentials. The present study was aimed at empowering the youth through a local potential-based entrepreneurship training. This paper describes the empirical conditions of the target area and how the local potential-based entrepreneurship training is implemented. The study was conducted using a qualitative descriptive method. The data were collected through interviews, observation, literature review, and document analysis. The respondents were 9 persons. The results revealed that the society in target area was heterogeneous in terms of sex, occupation, and education background. The training was implemented using a management approach consisting of the following phases: preparation, assessment, alternative program planning, action plan formulation, implementation, evaluation, and termination. Topic: Empowering local wisdom 135 COMMUNITY EMPOWER THROUGH THE LOCAL RAILWAY OF RURAL AREA:Ratih Arum Sari aStudent of Postgraduate School, Indonesian University of Education, Dr.Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung, West Java, Indonesia; abungsuratih[at]student.upi.edu Abstract After the law number 06 of 2014 on the Village was published, it has been explicitly and concretely present a legal in the context of community empowerment based on rural areas. The purpose of this study is to reflect the aspect of community empowerment in the frame of local rural wisdom after the issuance of Law no. 06 of 2014 by using literature review techniques where the main focus is the program of community empowerment in the context of Village No. 04 law on Village through strengthening the role of village government in conducting community empowerment process based on local wisdom. The Village Administration has not yet implemented the maximal community empowerment function because there is a major problem that is structurally weak empowerment where the delegation of authority and funding from the district government has not been implemented with the principle of recognition and decentralization. In Law No. 06 of 2014 on Villages, the context of community empowerment emphasizes the involvement of community empowerment actors, as a companion role in the realm of regeneration, organizing and social learning. then the direction of community empowerment in the realm of institutional strengthening, participatory development, community-based development with principles and collaborative and consolidative aspects. Topic: Empowering local wisdom 136 CREATIVE ECONOMY BASED ON COMMUNITY EDUCATIONPurnomo, Achmad Hufad, Joni Rahmat Pramudia Departemen Pendidikan Luar Sekolah Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan UPI Abstract This study explains that village entrepreneurship has now become a promising business prospect. The potential and abundance of natural resources available in rural areas make it a distinct support for business actors to concoct resources creatively. Community creativity in creating innovative products will add value and competitiveness. Therefore, business actors need to be assisted in creating new ideas in increasing their value added products through the process of assisting village entrepreneurship. This research applies qualitative method of case study, conducted in three locations namely PKBM Ash-Shoddiq West Bandung regency, PKBM Bhakti Pertiwi Regency Bandung, and PKBM Bina Sejahtera Subang Regency, as community education institution which is domiciled in rural and develop some program of economic empowerment of village . The results show that the formation of creative space is needed to stimulate the emergence of creative ideas, because humans who are placed in a conducive environment will make the creative products of economic value. The implication of this research is that community education has a major contribution to improving rural economy, community education as a solution to build peoples creativity. Topic: Empowering local wisdom 137 PENGARUH LATIHAN SELF CONTROL UNTUK MEREDUKSI PERILAKU AGRESI SISWA DENGAN HAMBATAN PERILAKU KELAS VIII SLB WALIWIS PUTIH SUBANGSunardi dan Tatik Haryati Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia - UPI Abstract Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah latihan self control dapat mereduksi perilaku agresi siswa SLB Waliwis Putih Subang. Pdalam penelitian ini, prilaku agresi mencakup perilaku agresi yang sifatnya fisik maupun psikologis. Perilaku agresi secara fisik dibatasi pada perilaku memukul dan menjambak rambut teman, sedangkan secara psikis dibatasi pada perilaku berkata kasar atau mengumpat. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen dengan pendekatan Single Subject Research (SSR) dengan desain A-B-A. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi dan disajikan dalam bentuk grafik. Hasil analisis data melalui analisis dalam kondisi maupun antar kondisi menunjukkan bahwa latihan self control mampu menurunkan prilaku agresi siswa, baik yang bersifat fisik maupun psikologis. Penurunan perilaku agresi yang sifatnya fisik dibuktikan dengan adanya perubahan level pada kondisi baseline 1 (A1)= -8, Intervensi (B)= +10, dan Baseline 2 (A2)= +7. Sedangkan penurunan perilaku aagresi secara psikologis dibuktikan dengan adanya perubahan level pada kondisi baseline 1 (A1)= -1, Intervensi (B) = 8 point, dan baseline-2 (A2) = 3. Kesimpulannya bahwa latihan self control dapat mereduksi perilaku agresi pada siswa SLB Waliwis Putih Subang, sehingga dapat dijadikan pilihan bagi para guru dalam upaya mengatasi perilaku agresi siswanya. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 138 THERAPEUTIC ALLIANCES AND TRAJECTORY LEARNING: Urgency, Relevance and Implication for the Counselor Education ProgramsAndi Kiswanto and Dodi Suryana Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Cirebon Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract These days the personal qualities of counselors are not always effective, as most counselors are weak in build helping relationship. Personal qualities of professional counselors can support therapeutic alliances skill. Counselor education programs have a mission to provide learning for counselors to improve the personal integrity of counseling, the learning process through learning trajectory, whereas learning methods using socratic dialogue. Thus the purpose of this article examines the theoretical and practice of therapeutic alliances and trajectory learning. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 139 VALIDATION OF ADVANCED PROGRESSIVE MATRICES AS A INSTRUMENT INTELLIGENCE TEST IN INDONESIAN CULTURAL PERSPECTIVEYaya Sunarya & Nurhudaya Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract To achieve of the intelligence score on a test, is highly influenced by culture, where people staying. Hence the validity of a test always need to be analysed continuously from time to time. This research analyze various aspects of good test advanced progressive matrices were conctructed by Raven with involving 36 items, that its use had been widespread in various countries , including indonesia . The analized aspect include relaiability index, accuracy of validity, the discriminating index of item, and usebility of distractors for each item. This research involving 4500 respondents of senior high schools student. The results of validation indicates that each of items has proportional level of item dificulty index about hardship items, midle item, and difficult item; any item having good index of homogeneity, every item have good power distinguishing, and every options of item have a good function.So that this test can be used in indonesia for full item (full scale). Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 140 Social Guidance for Developing Adolescents EmphatyHerny Novianti (a*), Mamat Supriatna (b), Nani M.Sugandhi (b) a) Islamic Guidance and Counseling, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon Jalan Perjuangan By Pass Sunyaragi, Cirebon, Indonesia. b) Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 229, Bandung, Indonesia. {gusbrava_2111[at]yahoo.com (a*), ma2t.supri[at]upi.edu (b), nanims[at]upi.edu (b)} Abstract ABSTRACT This research aimed to produce effectiveness of social guidance for developing adolescents emphaty. The method of research used quasi-experimental research design with non-equivalent pretest-posttest control group design. The sample in this study were adolescents of Child Social Welfare Institution (LKSA) Nugraha, aged 15-17 years, totaling 28 adolescents (15 adolescents in the experimental class and 13 adolescents in control class). Data was collected by emphaty instrument, arranged on the aspects of cognitive, and affection. The results showed social guidance effective to develop adolescents emphaty, increased of indicators of perspective taking, fantasy, and emphatic concern, while indicator was not significant for personal distress. Recommendations showed for guidance and counseling study program, child social welfare institution (LKSA) and further research. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 141 Analysis of peer’s influence on academic procrastinationEvi Winingsih, Denok Setyawati, Khoirul Afidah Gudance and Counseling Program, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Kampus Lidah Wetan, Surabaya, Indonesia Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of peer environment and academic procrastination. Researchers use qualitative research with descriptive method. Peer was contributing to making a positive and negative student’s Behavior. The Data collected using interview and observation method. From the results of the research indicated there is procrastination experienced by students of class XI IPS, It is evident from the existence of information from the counselor that the delay tasks among high school students, and especially class XI is commonplace. Based on interviews with geography teachers it can be concluded that as many as 90percent of students of class XI IPS 1, 2, 3, and 4 do academic procrastination. Peer’s factor is on of many factors to procrastination degree. Academic procrastination occurs because of low self-regulation levels, combined with low self-efficacy that can lead to lower academic achievement (Judge and Bono 2001). In addition, academic achievement is also influenced by the social environment of teenagers is peers. The results showed that the actions of members of peers and the role of peers have an influence on adolescent academic achievement. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 142 The Influence of Islamic Boarding School (Pondok Pesantren) Culture on Hopelessness Behaviours to StudentsAri Khusumadewi, Riza Melinda Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia Abstract Hopelessness is the state of the individual with a cognitively tired condition and also hopeless feeling. Hopelessness can be caused by several factors and shown in the form of behaviors. When a person is experiencing hopelessness and shows it in behavior, it influences and affects themselves and people around them. This study examines the hopelessness behavior shown by students in Daruttaqwa vocational high school Gresik, an Islamic boarding school. The students’ hopelessness behaviors are influenced by various factors, including the educational background which is from the construction of the school as it is an Islamic boarding school. In this case, the culture of the institution can be the one factor of hopelessness for the students. The purpose of this study is to discover the various causes of hopelessness on the students, especially the influence of Islamic Boarding School culture. This research used interviews, observations, and documentations from two students as subjects and also supporting informants as data sources. The method of this research is a qualitative descriptive research. The result of hopelessness behavior was shown by losing focus, indolence, sleeping in the classroom, daydreaming, anxiety, feeling fatigues, negative self-talk, escaping from classes, self-injuring. Hopelessness behavior factors are the reasons of students who live in boarding school for having burdens in their study (both at school and in the boarding house), inability to socialize with others and express their feelings, and asocial behaviors. Solutions or actions given to students are giving nurturance, showing understanding, maintaining good communication with students and school boards. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 143 CAREER PLANNING HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS BASED ON GENDER AND SCHOOL MANAGEMENT QUALITYAfdal Afdal; Zadrian Ardi; Alizamar Alizamar; Ifdil Ifdil Universitas Negeri Padang Abstract This study is based on the assumption that career planning of high school students is an important thing developed by the counselor in the continuous development of students career. The purpose of this study is to describe the career planning of high school students covering aspects of self-understanding, environmental understanding, formulation of choices and action plans and looking at differences in career planning based on gender and school management quality. This research uses quantitative research approach with research sample is 450 students of Payakumbuh State Senior High School selected with proportional random sampling technique. Data were collected by using the career planning inventory of high school students which were analyzed by independent samples t test. The results showed that there were differences in student career planning based on gender and school management quality. Implications for guidance and counseling services are discussed further. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 144 Classroom - Based Peace Education at Religious School in SalatigaWahidin, Wawan Ahmad Ridwan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Syekh Nurjati Cirebon Abstract This paper aims to reveal how classroom-based peace education shape students characters in schools with different religion setting managements. This research uses qualitative method. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and observation from 60 respondents of natural science classes. The results show that the implementation of class base peace education in Islamic school is different from in Christian school. In the Islamic school, a peaceful cultural character was built through insertion in every learning process. On the other hand, in the Christian school, a peaceful cultural character was built through character building program. The similarity between the two in building the peaceful cultural character is that both school, the application of peace education is conducted using a non-formal approach Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 145 Building Family Resilience: Emotion-Focused Family Counseling ApproachGian Sugiana Sugara, Rina Rindanah Department of Guidance and Counseling, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Changes in the family have a significant impact on family members. The difficult and pressing situation makes family members are in a stressful situation. For that, it needs to increase is the resilience to be able to confront the situation. Attachment theory offers a robust developmental models for conceptualizing emotional distress and symptomatic behavior as an adaptive response to emotional insecurity in parent-child relationships. Recent developments in emotionally focused family counseling (EFFC) and attachment-based family therapy demonstrate promising empirical support for the application of attachment theory to the treatment of childhood disorders and family distress. However, few resources exist that demonstrate the practice of EFFC and its conceptual approach to Facilitate family change. The authors demonstrate the successful application of EFFC to a parent-adolescent problem and examine key moments in the process of change from an attachment perspective. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 146 Difference of Teen Emotion Based on Parenting PatternsUmmah Karimah INISA Abstract This study aims to identify the emotional differences of junior high school students and to know whether or not the emotional differences of parental care.Parents have a big influence on teen emotional patterns because it is a supporting element of children to actualize themselves. Adolescent emotions have an effect on adjustment, so the role of parents is crucial in shaping the child's personality. This study is a comparative study that compares the similarities and differences between parents' parenting patterns to teenage emotions. The sample of this research is Al Hikmah Junior High School which is 40 samples by using simple random sampling technique. The research instrument used the teen emotional scale and parenting patterns. Test data analysis using t test. The results showed that adolescents grown by parents of democratic style and permissive style have different emotional conditions. The results of this study indicate that teen emotions based on parenting patterns of democracy have an average score of 80.75, while the permissive has an average score of 78.50. The results of data analysis obtained a significance value of 0.322 (p> 0.05), which shows there is a difference between teenage emotions that have parenting patterns of democracy and teenage emotions that have parenting patterns, permissive parents. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 147 GROUNDED THEORY IN GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING RESEARCHSyahril STAIN Abstract Grounded theory is a qualitative research method that uses a number of systematic procedures aimed at developing action-oriented theories, interactions, or processes based on data obtained from the field Grounded research method, currently, is not only used in sociology, but has been used in various fields of science, such as health, education, psychology and guidance and counseling. The reasons for using grounded theory in guidance and counseling research are: 1). researchers want to develop a number of theories that have not been tested strongly in explaining the concept of human life experience, 2) Researchers want to understand possible direct experience (source) data and want to be able to display a detailed analysis related to the study.The impact of the use of grounded theory method in other fields raises its own problems in grounded theory namely the number of researchers who do not really understand the procedure in developing the theory that comes from the field data. In addition to the above problems that are often encountered in grounded theory research, another problem is the analysis in grounded theory research requires a very deep analysis that requires a long time in the implementation. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 148 Post-Traumatic Guidance and Counseling Using Modern Tasawuf Hamka Approach in Lowering Traumatic GriefMuhamad Rifa’i Subhi1, Wiwied Widiyanti2, Nur Alfiah3 1Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia 2Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia 3Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Pekalongan Abstract This study aims to develop Post-Traumatic Guidance and Counseling using modern tasawuf Hamka approach in lowering tarumatic grief. Sufistic approach is used because it touches on the spiritual life. The research method used library research method, with content analysis technique.The resluts show that the practical nuance of modern tasawuf Hamka, facilitate counselee in understanding and practicing the Sufism during the process of Post-Traumatic Guidance and Counseling. The Sufism are integrated into Post-Traumatic Guidance and Counseling to reveal the religious and spiritual circumstances of the counselee. This integration process is tailored to the status of the counselee, who is or has experienced traumatic grief. So in practice, Post-Traumatic Guidance and Counseling still use the strategy or treatment that has been conceived. The use of such techniques is filled with material about the modern tasawuf of Hamka. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 149 The Contribution of Humanistic Existential Counseling Models to Psychological Well-Being Conditions in AdolescentsDevi Ratnasari, Imawanty, Miskanik Universitas Indraprasta PGRI Jakarta SMAN 1 Anyer Abstract This study aims to describe the influence and contribution of existential humanistic counseling in improving psychological well-being in adolescents. The method used in this study is a review of literature that examines the topic of psychological well-being (PWB), adolescence, and existentialist humanistic counseling. Development in the post-modern era caused some maladaptive behavior in adolescents, especially in Indonesia emerging motor group involvement negative and brawl between teenagers. One of the causes of maladaptive behavior in adolescents is the presence of psychological well-being (PWB) at low levels. Humanistic existential counseling is expected to contribute in improving PWB in adolescents. The stages in humanistic existential counseling are (1) the counselor helps the client identify and clarify client assumptions about the world, (2) the client encourages to be more eager to examine the meaning of his life and change it more precisely, (3) focus on how clients can do what is concrete. Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 150 Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling for Gifted Children: Model of Academic Achievement of “Dark Horse ”Yuyus Suherman Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Jl.Dr.Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, Bandung-Indonesia yuyus[at]upi.edu Abstract Abstract: This research aims to test the effectiveness of Comprehensive guidance and counseling (model) on improving academic achievement of gifted children "underachiever" is also known as "dark horse". This research uses Quasi-experimental design. The experiment condition focused on implementation model by counselors and through integrated guidance and counseling by teacher, parent and community. Participants consisted of 15 gifted children at a pioneer "5-year primary school" pioneering inclusive education in Indonesia. The statistical analysis used Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test, with a one-sided test. The result showed that the implementation of the model does not significantly impact the academic achievement of gifted children. We also found that even though the score is getting down, the quality is still increasing that is not readable by the statistics, but the individual analysis shows that this model has a tangible impact. The tangible impact is shown in the improvement of the categories i.e.from ‘mildly gifted’ to ‘moderately gifted’, ‘moderatetly gifted’ to ‘profoundly gifted’, even from ‘mildly gifted’ to ‘provoundly gifted’. This finding is an essential evaluation of the policy to implement acceleration program, and the basis development of guiding and councelling on gifted children program. For further study, this study can be a roadmap to control the variable Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 151 Group Counseling with pictorial riddle media for incresing Achieving motivation In Early ChildhoodRichma Hidayati, M.Pd. Indah Lestari, M.Pd. Kons, Nur Mahardika, M.Pd.Drs. Sunardi, M.Pd. Muria Kudus University Abstract In early childhood, education becomes very important and key. Education is one of the basis in forming the personality and character in early childhood. Since the early potential of children is also a major focus. Education with the potential and capabilities of the child will make the child develops according to the stages of development. In achieving this, from an early age the child must have a high motivation, especially in achieving that ability and potential is not wasted away. With the motivation of, the child has a passion to do the best possible try to capable of doing and being able to develop and maximize its potential. Achievement motivation in early childhood must be adapted to the stage and development tasks. Supported with counseling and guidance teachers who understand the development and the developmental tasks of early childhood physical and psychological will help the child can develop in accordance with its potential. Therefore, group counseling services could be one of the services that can be given to early childhood can increase student achievement motivation. Based on the childs age and stage of development that they liked the game, the media snake ladder used as one of the media in the group counseling services to help improve early childhood achievement motivation Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 152 Problem-Based Collaborative Learning Guidance In Addressing Low Achieving StudentsHartini Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup Abstract Collaboration is the main motivator in advocacy and implementation of leadership in comprehensive guidance. collaborative learning guidance which orientation on student problems can be used as media in optimizing student competence so that the fulfillment of academic needs and the intensity of learning problems faced by students. relationship co-learning guidance collaboration is based goals, activities, challenges, and outcomes for students, teachers, and parents. Media that can be used in designing and carrying out the service through information collaboration, formal meetings and informal conversations between counselors, subject teachers, and parents. Mutual trust and mutual respect must be to the fore. a collaborative form of tutoring that can be provided to students covering partnership program of Parent-faculty, co-training, material review, parent training and information center/parent resource parent model. the school should also be able to set clear rules and structures to support and facilitate family involvement in a good school program with fellow teachers as professionals as well as with parents of students Topic: Guidance and Counseling in Education 153 Implementasi Pendokumentasian Budaya Lokal di Perpustakaan SekolahSusanti Agustina, Nuryaman Program Studi Perpustakaan dan Informasi, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Pentingnya pelestarian budaya lokal karena difungsikan sebagai upaya pertahanan masyarakat terhadap intimidasi budaya asing, sehingga penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan keterampilan peserta didik dalam melestarikan budaya melalui implementasi pendokumentasian budaya lokal. Pendekatan penelitian yaitu kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif survei. Partisipan penelitian melibatkan lima peserta didik. Penelitian dilakukan dengan tahap (1) Pengarahan kepada partisipan mengenai pendokumentasian budaya lokal melalui Focus Group Discussion; (2) Partisipan melakukan Pendokumentasian budaya lokal berupa tradisi pakaian masyarakat Sunda melalui format pendokumentasian; (3) Pengemasan informasi hasil pendokumentasian budaya lokal untuk kemudian dipamerkan di perpustakaan sekolah; dan (4) Penyusunan catatan refleksi partisipan terhadap pendokumentasian budaya lokal. Penelitian ini pun berimplikasi terhadap pelestarian budaya lokal masyarakat, pengembangan masyarakat yang melek budaya lokal. peningkatan sumber informasi kebudayaan di sekolah, dan peningkatan promosi perpustakaan sekolah. Topic: ICT skills and Digital Literacy 154 Rational and Cultural Self-Disclosure through Social Media in People Living with HIV/AIDSArgyo Demartoto, Bhisma Murti, and Siti Zunariyah Department of Sociology, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia, Department of Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia, Department of Sociology, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia argyodemartoto_fisip[at]staff.uns.ac.id., bhisma.murti[at]staff.uns.ac.id., zunariyah[at]staff.uns.ac.id. Universitas Sebelas Maret Abstract Stigma and discriminative treatment by community leads the People Living with HIV/AIDS or PLWHA to hide their HIV status. This research aimed to analyze rational and cultural self-disclosure through social media in PLWHA. This qualitative research employed computer-mediated discourse analysis. This research joined facebook group and collected data through online observation on site www.victoryplusaids.org, explored activity and network, including utilizing search, userlist, statistics and tags facilities on March 20-27, 2017, and in-depth interview with the members related to conversation content, cause, advantage and disadvantage of self-disclosure in social media. Social media becomes a space for PLWHA for sharing feeling, perception, opinion through writing and photograph of their activities such as Voluntary Counseling and Testing and HIV/AIDS socialization. Culture, self-confidence, the wish of not burdening others, and the need for protection became the matter of consideration for self-disclosure. PLWHA are no longer burdened with secret, obtain social support, and easy access to health service. However, from personal risk, relationship and professionalism aspect, they are isolated by their friend, declined by partner, and loss their job. Viewed from the content of site, other PWLHA and community can educate more and increase knowledge on HIV/AIDS, and respect the rights of PLWHA. Topic: ICT skills and Digital Literacy 155 Semiotic in Lyrics and Perception of Community of Nagari Suayan on Saluang Ratok Suayan AnguihHasnul Fikri, Syofiani, Lolita Lestari Bung Hatta University Abstract Semiotic in Lyrics and Perception of Community of Nagari Suayan on Saluang Ratok Suayan Anguih Hasnul Fikri, Syofiani, Lolita Lestari Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Bung Hatta, Padang hasnul.fikri@bunghatta.ac.id ABSTRACT This research aimed to describe the codes and their meanings that are used in the Saluang Ratok Suayan Anguih lyrics and the perception of Nagari Suayan community on Saluang Ratok Suayan Anguih. This research used descriptive qualitative method, while community perceptions were analyzed using simple statistics. The data of this study are the words in the lyrics of Saluang Ratok Suayan Anguih and responses of informants to questionnaire or interview. Based on data analysis, it is concluded that: First, there are three semiotic codes, namely denotation, connotation, and myth in the lyric. The semiotic codes are used to describe the suffering of people due the fire that hit their country. Second, the younger informants are unfamiliar with the Saluang Ratok Suayan Anguih, while the older ones are more familiar with it. It is because the fire event told in Saluang Ratok Suayan Anguih occurred long-long time ago and this storytelling is getting less and less performed. Topic: Impact of Education on Development 156 The Historical Learning based on Vocational Skills in Non-Formal EducationRanulin Windarsari, Djono, Sunardi Sebelas Maret University Abstract This research aims to determine the implementation of vocational skills in presenting learning in non-formal education. The research method used is qualitative descriptive. The subjects in this research are historical educator or tutor, the headmaster, the manager, and the students of non-formal education as the respondents. The data analysis technique used is qualitative analysis technique of inductive model. The footage technique used is purposive sampling technique. This research result shown that the learning pattern of non-formal education included face-to-face learning of 20%, tutorial of 30% and independent activities of 50%. The independent activities are required to process the learners life skills through working practice or individual tasks. One of the independent activities of historical learning in non-formal education is through historical learning based on KTSP curriculum which honors the local autonomy. Learners are required to develop the life skills which are adapted to the local autonomy and historical learning Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 157 MEASURING THE CONTRIBUTION OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCE TO THE PROFESSION OF TEACHEROong Komar PLS FIP UPI Abstract This study is entitled “The Correlation between Academic Performance and Job Competence at the Department of Non Formal Education.” The background of this study is the sharp different expert perceptions about the expectation of pedagogy. The aim was to study the correlation between academic performance and job performance.To this end, this study employed a survey research approach. Data were collected through interviews and questionnaires. The result revealed that the pedagogic academics had yet to integrate their affective domain (attitudes) with cognitive domain (knowledge) and with psychomotor domain (skills). It seems that the affective domain was conditioned to shape a teacher’s character, the cognitive domain is oriented for professions other than teacher, and the skills are limited but encouraged to be self-reliant. The service quality of integrated pedagogic academics is recommended to be improved. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 158 Online Learning Community (OLC) as an Autonomy Informal Learning PlatformNia Oktaviani Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This study tries to uncover various matters relating to informal learning in the sphere of online learning through online learning communities (OLC) ranging from learner characteristics to assessment of informal learning outcomes. The informal learning referred to in this study is the learning that occurs based on the needs and interests of learning of each individual who are members of an online social media group. Learning that happens is possible involving learning autonomy, where a person to do his own learning with confidence that what he learned really has benefits for himself so as to improve the capacity of himself and his welfare. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 159 Benefit of parenting programs for parents in BandungDede Nurul Qomariah, Viena Rusmiati Hasanah Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The focus of this research is directed to the benefits of parenting programs for parents who send their children in early childhood education in Bandung. Used is descriptive method with qualitative approach. Technique of data collecting done by some techniques that is observation, structured interview, and closed interview. The findings of this research indicate that parenting benefits perceived by parents include: the increase of a knowledge and experience that affect the attitude and ways of acting parents, the emergence of awareness of the importance roles of parents in accompanying and shaping the character of the child as a trust that can not Underestimated, parents are wiser in treating their children, improving communication between parents and children, and helping to solve problems faced by parents in encounter the desires of children. A recommendation for further research is to broadly expand on the comparison of paid and non-paid parenting to improving the quality of childcare. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 160 BUILDING QUALITY CULTURE FOR IMPROVING COMPETITIVENESS OF GRADUATES STUDY PROGRAM OF CIVIC EDUCATIONDra. Pebriyenni, M.Si FKIP Study Program of Bung Hatta University Padang Abstract This article aims to describe how the application of quality culture to improve the competitiveness of graduates in the Study Program of Civic Educationel University of Bung Hatta Padang. Quality can be interpreted according to the standard. Quality Assurance is a process to ensure that all characteristics and performance conform to standards / requirements through academic documents. In general, quality assurance is: (1) The process of establishing and fulfilling the quality standards of education consistently and continuously (2) The process of ensuring that the quality of the graduates is in accordance with the established competencies so that the quality can be maintained consistently and continuously. The study program is considered qualified if able to establish and realize the vision through mission implementation, able to meet the needs of stakeholders. Type of research is qualitative descriptive using observation and documentation guidance as an instrument with qualitative data analysis technique. The result of research shows that the study program has 1. High commitment proved by the availability of quality documents, starting from quality policy, quality manual, quality standard and form; (2) Internally driven; (3) Responsibility and supervision; (4) Compliance with the plan ; (5) Evaluation and (6) Continuous quality improvement Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 161 THE ADVANTAGE OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN GLOBALIZATION ERA: COMPETENCE AS A NEEDHelma Malini Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The global era of the 21st century has many challenges that must be prepared and ready for all human beings to be able to improve themselves in improving human resources. Undeniably, the globalization underpinned and preoccupied by knowledge has become an empirical-sociological reality for all regions of the world, not least Indonesia. The world is changing rapidly, it requires everyone to continuously and continually plan and re-plan interests, careers, professions, and competencies. Seeing the importance of a very standby one for each individual to be able to follow the pattern of globalization. Continuous learning and lifelong learning is necessary so that learning ability becomes a necessity in everyone. Everyone should be a human learner so that the competencies possessed remain current, suitable, functional, and actual with the needs and activities of everyday life. Thus, the expected obsolescence and incompatibility of competence can be avoided on the one hand and on the other hand novelty as well as competence update can be achieved and developed. Now our issue as Educational Agents especially on Nonformal education, is to be able to see these opportunities as something we can develop positively. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 162 NONFORMAL EDUCATION (PLS) SUPPORTING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION IN EDUCATION FOR ALL FRAMEWORKHelma Malini Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Its been a long time since Education for All is echoed from all over the world. The essence of "Education for All" is essentially to ensure that every citizen can fulfill his / her right of education service. Education for all is a form of learning that concerns all ages whether it is adults, parents and children who aim to be more understanding about something. Currently Indonesia is trying to apply Inclusive Education in schools. In government regulations contained in Permendiknas No. 70 TAHUN 2009 - about inclusive education, schools are encouraged to provide the widest opportunity to all learners to obtain quality education in accordance with the needs and capabilities / potential of learners. However, it is realized that in providing optimal education services, educators often encounter obstacles. On the one hand educators have the duty and responsibility to educate all the students, but on the other hand educators do not have enough skills in assisting learners who vary their abilities and needs including Children with Special Needs. Given this phenomenon, we should all support the application of inclusive education in schools. As Educational Agents especially on Nonformal education (PLS) citizens / practitioners we can also support the application of inclusive education. Not by going directly to school, but by arranging education and training programs for teachers who are able to assist children with special needs in schools so that the implementation of inclusive education is optimal by design a whole program of training to help teachers perform their duties properly. While the suggestions for school organizers, every teacher whose school held an inclusive education model needs to be given special training education in order to be able to run the learning optimally because it confronts children with various abilities and potential and even children with special needs. All these efforts will help move forward the inclusive movement across schools. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 163 Analysis of the Development of Online Learning Community (OCLC) West Java Centers of Early Childhood Education and Community EducationNia Oktaviani Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This research tries to analyze various strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges development of Online Community Learning Center (OCLC) owned by West Java Centers for Early Childhood Education and Community Education. Some of the strengths are found that one of them is that the OCLC is owned by the government, the weakness found is the lack of participation from the community, the opportunities found are internet users in Indonesia which reach 51, 8%, but can not be separated from the challenge of internet connection is still bad and Not evenly distributed throughout the region, especially West Java, although Java is the region with the most internet users that is 65%. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 164 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING MODEL TECHNIQUES OF STAD AND GI TO STUDENTS’ CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY (Quasi-Experimental Study on Economics Subject on Materials of Central Bank, Payment Systems and Payment Instrument in Class X SMAN 2 Sipora Kepulauan Mentawai District)Sarti Hafsyah Siregar, H. Disman, H. Suwatno, Herlina Indonesian Education University Abstract This research is motivated by the low ability of critical thinking of students in Class X IPS SMAN 2 Sipora Kepulauan Mentawai District. The purpose of this study is to examine the differences in the application of STAD, GI and discussion methods in improving critical thinking skills. This research method is quasi experiment using counterbalanced design. The object of research is all students of class X IPS. Instruments in this study use critical thinking skills tests. Data analysis uses independent sample t test. The result of the research shows that: 1) there is no difference of students critical thinking ability between the classes that apply STAD method with GI; 2) there is difference of students critical thinking ability between the classes that apply STAD method with the discussion; 3) there is difference of critical thinking ability of the learners among classes which apply GI methods with discussion. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 165 Autonomy Self-Directed Learning Through Social Online Media as The Realization of Learning SocietyNia Oktaviani (a*) Yanti Shantini (b) a) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia b) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The purpose of this study is to reveal the autonomy self-directed learning dimension by using social media as a medium of learning. Autonomy self-directed learning is expected to be a way for the realization of a learning society. The wide meaning of learning makes human beings as a learner creating various spaces, dimensions, media and learning models that are seen as effective, efficient and optimal to support their learning. Half of Indonesian population is an active Internet user with social media content as the most frequently accessed medium. The use of the Internet has grown massively and become a media that can not be separated from life. Empirically, the content available in social media helps our community to learn, this is because the available social media can be an easy and cheap media to be accessed by anyone, so as to provide incentives to the community to be the autonomous learner. Thus not excessive presumably when the ideals of realizing learning society has been in sight. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 166 Implications of Self-Concept Assumptions In Adult LearningRini Novianti Yusuf, Yanti Shantini Student of PostGraduate School of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The concept of adult education is one of the concepts that characterize nonformal education programs. Adult education or the term andragogy is the art and science to help adults learn. Learning for adults can be a necessity, when the adult has an awareness of his needs, meaning that the adult has a mature self-concept. Self-concept maturity can be seen from the development of adult self-concept which is influenced by self awareness, interaction, self esteem, individual role, and experience. After passing the phase of self-concept formation, usually adults including the type of positive self-concept. The condition of adult learn of course there is involvement with self-concept maturity, as expressed by Knowles about adult learning assumption one of them is self concept. The implications of self conceptual assumptions in adult learning are in the types of positive self-concept and the development of self concept formation. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 167 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATION POLICY IN LOCAL AREAS (A STUDY ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LOCAL SCHOOL OPERATIONAL GRANT (BOSDA) POLICY IN KARANGANYAR REGENCY)Dwi Amperawati, Drajat Tri Kartono, Didik G. Suharto Universitas Sebelas Maret Abstract Local School Operational Grant (BOSDA) Program is directed to support the free education policy. This research aimed to find out: 1) the implementation of Local School Operational Grant (BOSDA) policy, and 2) the factors affecting the implementation of BOSDA. This research was taken place in Karanganyar in 2016, using qualitative research method with descriptive approach. Techniques of collecting data used were in-depth interview, participatory observation and documentation study. The result of research showed that: 1) the process of managing BOSDA was conducted in the following stages: a) determining the Operational Cost of Education Unit (BOSP), b) socializing to the society, c) developing Regent’s Regulation, d) socializing to the schools, e) developing RAPBS (Draft School Income and Expense Budget), f) ratifying the RAPBS into APBS (School Income and Expense Budget), g) designating the organization managing BOSDA finance, g) disbursement process, i) school finance administration, and j) monitoring; 2) the implementation of BOSDA policy was affected by: a) supporting factor including availability and standard rule and target of policy, fund availability, communication between executive organization, existing bureaucracy structure, economic, social and political environment and the executive apparatus’s attitude, b) inhibiting factor including limited human resource, either quantitatively or qualitatively. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 168 MENAKAR KONTRIBUSI ILMU PENDIDIKAN TERHADAP PROFESI GURUOong Komar PLS UPI Abstract Penelitian yang dilakukan berjudul ”Kajian Formulasi Kaitan Academic Performance dan Competence/Job Performance Program Studi Pendidikan Luar Sekolah”. Dilatar belakangi bahwa persepsi ahli mengenai ekspektasi ilmu pendidikan berbeda tajam. Pertama, persepsi ahli yang mengatakan bahwa ilmu pendidikan sebagai disiplin ilmu yang tidak mungkin ada dengan bentuk yang dapat diajarkan secara sengaja dan sistematis (Walton dan Kuethe dalam Arbi SZ. 1988). Kedua, persepsi ahli yang mengatakan bahwa ilmu pendidikan tidak dapat menentukan dasar untuk prakteknya (Sheffler dalam Arbi SZ. 1988). Ketiga, persepsi ahli yang mengatakan bahwa ilmu pendidikan adalah profesi yang secara esensial prakteknya menunjukkan watak layanan prima (Arbi SZ. 1988). Penelitian ini bertujuan umum untuk mengkaji kaitan antara kualifikasi academic performance dengan competence/job performance. Tujuan khusus untuk menjawab pertanyaan: (1) Bagaimanakah academic performance ilmu pendidikannya? (2) Bagaimanakah job/competence performance ilmu pendidikannya? (3) Apakah pengguna lulusan menghadapi kesulitan mendeskripsikan profesi guru? Kajian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian survei terhadap objek penelitian dengan menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data dengan wawancara dan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian mengindikasikan sebagai berikut: (1) academic performance menunjukkan belum terjadi pembentukan sosok akademisi ilmu pendidikan yang terintegrasi antara domin sikap dengan domin pengetahuan dan dengan domin keterampilannya. Tampak indikasi domin sikap dikondisikan untuk membentuk karakter guru, domin pengetahuan diorientasikan kepada profesi lain selain guru dan domin keterampilan yang minim tapi didorong untuk mandiri/berwirausaha. (2) job/competence performance menunjukkan: (a) praktek/kerja berdasarkan pada keahlian dan kecakapan profesi guru terutama dalam pembelajaran. (b) kelebihan kompetensi manajerial terutama dalam fungsi-fungsi manajermen yang harus dilaksanakan dalam pengelolaan organisasi. (3) pandangan/persepsi pengguna lulusan mengenai kesulitan yang dihadapi dalam mendeskripsikan pekerjaan, menunjukkan bahwa konsumen/pengguna (terbesar) sebagai karyawan, baik diinstansi pemerintah maupun swasta. Direkomendasikan agar dapat meningkatkan pengembangan mutu layanan pada berbagai bidang. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 169 IMPLEMENTATION OF KAMISHIBAI PROGRAM FOR ANDRAGOGY AS A LEARNING MEDIAIntani Dewi Kurniasih; Susanti Agustina Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Kamishibai is still alien to the Indonesian education world. Of course, the story telling activities that we often know that storytellling and read aloud. However, one of the supporting aspects in the progress of learning includes the ability to present the material described to be delivered to the andragogy through kamishibai. This study aims to analyze the preparation of kamishibai program implementation, the presentation of the story tells the program kamishibai, and its supporting elements. The method used is case study of qualitative approach. The research informants amounted to 30 people. This study found storytellers who told stories using the kidou. Preparation tells in it found the picture painting from one picture to the next picture, storyteller told spontaneously. In the presentation of the message of kamishibai activity consists of props named "Kidou" made of teak wood. Storytellers maintain visual contact with the audience, using body movements. In addition, the process of presenting the story using regular word articulation and clear material. While at the closing of storytelling activities, storytellers encourage the audience to try to practice the implementation of kamishibai program. In the supporting elements of storytelling activities, researchers found storytellers to make paintings of drawings with his own work. It was found that using kamishibai program as a learning media had a bigger impact for the andragogy to understand the message or the information presented. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 170 EMPOWERMENT BOARDING SCHOOL INSTITUTION: STUDY FENOMENOLOGIS ENTERPRENEURSHIP ROLE OF KYAI IN PONDOK PESANTREN IN INDONESIADedy Achmad Kurniady e-mail : dedy_achmad@upi.edu*) Zaini Hafidh e-mail : zaynihafidz.13@student.upi.edu UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA Abstract Abstract : This research is based on the role of teachers or in Islamic religious education institution (pesantren) that is usually called “Kyai” as a leader who has full authority over the institution he leads. The figure of kyai or teacher as the leader of pesantren with its role of enterpreneurship is adequate to make Pondok pesantren known not only as a boarding islamic school that teaches religious scholarship but which is engaged in business and economic development of the ummah. The purpose of this study is to analyze the related empowerment of pesantren and the role of Kyai in boarding islamic school (Pesantren) with the independence of Pesantren and ummah empowerment. This research used research method of phenomenologis study with qualitative approach.The location that became the object of this research wass in Pondok pesantren Ar Risalah Cijantung IV, Ciamis, West Java. The results achieved from this research, Kyai is able to run the role of enterpreneurship that seen from the business that is run, such as mining business, agriculture, plantation, farm, distributor to plastic processing. Pesantren is part of the economic development of the ummah, because more than 4200 people are involved in the business as part of the process of empowering economy. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 171 Inclusion School Management Based on The Character Building at SDIT AL-AUFA BengkuluCitra Dewi Dehasen University of Bengkulu Indonesia Abstract Education is the basic need for every human being to ensure their survival to be more dignified. The education system in Indonesia has not accommodated for diversity, thus causing the emergence of segmentation in educational institutions based on differences in religion, ethnicity, and the differences both student physical and mental ability. Currently, disable groups in voicing their rights so the concept of inclusive education come. This aims of this paper to describe the management of inclusion schools based on character building in SDIT AL-Aufa Bengkulu such as planning, organizing, implementation, supervision. The method was used in this paper is a qualitative method by using observation techniques, interviews, and documentation. The object research is the Al-AUFA Integrated Islamic School Bengkulu. The findings stated management system that have been done well documented start from planning they made many programs for character building, in organizing such as choosing the right teacher in the right place, in actuating all components at that school cooperate to pick up the aims, and in controlling this school evaluate in period time. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 172 PENGARUH METODE MIND MAP TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PEMAHAMAN KATA TANYA PADA SISWA TUNARUNGU KELAS D1 SEKOLAH LUAR BIASA UNTUK SISWA TUNARUNGUDini Nur Legita Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Khusus Abstract Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode mind map terhadap peningkatan pemahaman kata tanya pada siswa tunarungu kelas D1 Sekolah Luar Biasa untuk Siswa Tunarungu di Indonesia. Metode mind map merupakan salah satu metode berbasis visual untuk untuk memfokuskan pikiran menjadi bentuk diagram yang di dalamnya terdapat tema, subtema, dan bagian-bagian penting dalam suatu informasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode eksperimen, sedangkan disainnya menggunakan one group pretest posttest design. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada tujuh orang siswa tunarungu kelas D1 SLB-B dengan tiga kali pemberian perlakuan. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah tes tertulis. Data yang diperoleh diolah dengan menggunakan statistik non parametrik yaitu uji Wilcoxon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa metode mind map berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan pemahaman kata tanya siswa tunarungu kelas D1 SLB -B. Implikasi dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa para guru diharapkan tidak ragu-ragu untuk menerapkan metode mind map dalam membantu meningkatkan pemahaman kata tanya pada siswa tunarungu. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 173 DEVELOPING THE POTENTIAL OF EARLY CHILDHOOD THROUGH THE PLAY DOUGHErna Budiarti A) The headmaster of Kindergarten Nurul aulia at Depok B) Taking the Doctorate Degree at State University of Jakarta, Indonesia Abstract Creativity of early childhood has a very important role in childrens lives in the future. Through creativity, children can create in accordance with talent or abilities, child can solve a problem and can improve the quality of her life in the future. Therefore, the required stimulation that can develop the creativity of children, one of them by the using of play dough. In fact, early childhood creativity has not been well developed, early childhood has not been smooth in expressing an idea or ideas. The aim in this study is to describe the level of early childhood creativity by applying media, the difference in the level of creativity play dough in early childhood before and after using media of play dough. This research took place in 2016. As for the method of the qualitative approach is used with a method where the subject of the research is early childhood Group B with a total of 12 children in kindergarten Nurul Aulia. The results showed that the level of treatment given before the childs creativity is at a low category. Whereas after using play dough, media creativity level has increased. The conclusion can be drawn that a playdough media gives significant effects. It can be recommended for teachers in using the playdough can be used as alternative media to develop creativity in children effectively. For school, the aim is to facilitate by providing other learning media can improve early childhood creativity. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 174 VIEW ON CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT FOR PEACE EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN INDONESIADinn Wahyudin Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract During the last two decades various efforts have been made by Ministry of Education and Culture (MoEC) in Indonesia to reform and redesign system of curriculum in primary schools as well as secondary schools related to peace education as one of the requirements in implementing sustainable development goals (SDGs) . The purpose of this paper are :(1) informing policies and programs lead by MoEC in Indonesia in redesigning of new curriculum that give more spaces for increasing soft skills on peace education; (2) identifying general trends as well as indigenous aspects in supporting and enriching teaching learning activities related to global education and peace education for heterogeneous students; (3) presenting best practices created by schools in developing school culture of peace education and preventing potential conflicts of students from diverse races, religions, ethnics, and cultural groups; (4) identifying schools efforts in developing peace education program and resolution on conflicts in terms of core curriculum as well as extra curriculum in order to avoiding conflicts and meet with the challenge of living global citizenship in 21st century and changing technological, social, economic, national and global environment. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 175 Fulfilling Individual Right to and Need of Education: A Note to Remember for Indonesian Educational LeadersCecep Somantri and Sardin School of Education, The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom (UK) Abstract There is a global orthodoxy viewing education as a fundamental human right. However, data show that there remain millions of out of school and illiterate population worldwide. Even when enrolled at school, millions of children are not learning. This signifies that schools cannot be the only “vehicle” to provide quality education for all. It is obvious for at least two reasons: first, education is a lifelong learning process that does not equate with schooling; and second, there are other categories of education from where people could learn throughout life. Non-formal education is a learning pathway that could be an alternative for people at all background and ages to gain access to education. Although conceptually and terminologically non-formal education is contested, literature shows that it has been part of all cultures throughout human history, and its practices work and exist until today. Literature from the last four decades suggest that the significance of non-formal education lies on the heart that it can function as a complement, supplement and replacement/alternative to formal education. By employing the framework of Bell and Stevenson (2013) in Indonesian context, it is suggested that non-formal education is a worth-considering education policy to boost the country’s educational improvement. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 176 DEVELOPING STUDENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP THROUGH PARTNERSHIP WITH COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTER (CLC)Viena R Hasanah, Yanti Shantini, Iip Saripah, Pipin Tresna, Lilis Widaningsih Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Building self-reliance and entrepreneurial spirit is a matter that needs to be developed on campus. Various potentials that can be built are through partnerships with the community. CLC (Community learning Center) Rumpin Al Barokah has a local product development program and has difficulty in marketing. Students also have a need to build economic independence. This research intends to develop a partnership design between campus and CLC in the community to develop the existing entrepreneurial potential. The writing aims to find out the strategies and student involvement in entrepreneurship programs in the PLS laboratory, forms of partnerships built with CLC and programs developed in the student entrepreneurship program to be developed. The results of this study will produce recommendations in the form of program design in building entrepreneurship of students through partnership with CLC built lab PLS UPI. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 177 Competency Assurance Barriers of Doctors/Dentists in Indonesia (Medical Stakeholder Communication Review)Leila Mona (1) and Astuty (2) (1) Universitas Mercubuana, Jalan Menteng Raya No 29, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia (2) Poltekkes Jakarta 3, Jalan Arteri JORR, Jatiwarna, Kec. Pondok Melati, Bekasi, Indonesia (1) leilamona[at]gmail.com, (2) astuty.irwan[at]gmail.com Abstract Registration Certificate (STR) is recognition of the country that the doctor/dentist who has registered is a professional, competent and ethical also legally guaranteed to be able to practice medical. STR must be renewed every five years and is evidenced by the efforts of doctors/dentists undertake continuing professional education. The problem is, until the month of November 2016, more than 20% of doctors/dentists did not re-register. The purpose of this study is to understand what obstacles occur on medical stakeholders. This research is a qualitative descriptive study using data triangulation method. Researchers deploy questions regarding perceived obstacles in obtaining STR following with suggested solutions. Other data were interviews and secondary data from the presentation of medical stakeholder leaders. The result, in the realm of individual doctors/dentists, IDI/PDGI Branch, the Collegiums and the IDI/PDGI Head Office barriers that occur can be grouped in four barriers criteria: 1) personal, 2) cost, 3) administration and 4) internet connection. This study shows that the synergies between medical stakeholders in overcoming the obstacles that occur in an effort to guarantee the competency of a doctor/dentist are necessary. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 178 THE PRACTICE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD MUSICALITY EDUCATION IN GERMANYLeli Kurniawati UPI Abstract Music has an important role to play in a childs life, especially in childrens development. therefore, this paper discusses the importance of music in optimizing tasks of early childhood development in accordance with the stages of his development. Things that are discussed is a result of direct observation and experience of playing music with children at an early age. The purpose of music education for the child is to introduce more to various related parties both in the school environment and around about the importance of music as a powerful medium to stimulate all the basic potential of children in order to develop properly and optimally. Thus, music education held in PAUD institutions is not just a child learning to sing and play musical instruments so they have special skills in that field or just to channel their interest and talent in the field of music, Far from that, music can be understood as one of the areas of science that have a special role for the development of their lives. This paper presented about various "suggestions" of playful music activities for children, including how the methodology of delivery as the main discussion in this paper so that it can be used as an alternative model of music education for children in the early childhood education level. And it is expected that teachers who do not have qualifications in the field of science can implement it in accordance with the needs in the field. Topic: Implication of 21st century learning concept related to praxis school education, informal and non-formal education 179 Layanan Pengembangan Kemampuan Membaca Permulaan Bagi Siswa Dengan Hambatan Membaca permulaan di Kelas Rendah Pada Sekolah Dasar Negeri Penyelenggara Pendidikan Inklusif di Wilayah Jakarta TimurMohammad Arif Taboer Universitas Negeri Jakarta Abstract Penelitian ini bertujuan mengungkap fenomena layanan pembelajran bagi siswa dengan kesulitan membaca pada dua sekolah dasar penyelenggara pendidikan inklusif di Jakarta Timur DKI Jakarta. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan melalui prosedur 1) memahami kondisi siswa, 2) memahami layanan pembelajaran yang dikembangkan dan 3) menghubungkan kedua fenomena. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi, wawancara dan pemeriksaan dokumen pembelajaran. Informan dalam penelitian ini terdiri atas guru kelas dan guru pembimbing khusus. Hasil dari penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa disain layanan bagi siswa dengan hambatan membaca permulaan dimulai dengan identifikasi oleh guru pembimbing khusus/ psikolog/ dokter. Selanjutnya siswa yang teridentifikasi anak berkebutuhan khusus (ABK) akan mendapat layanan pedidikan inklusif seperti penyesuaian-penyesuaian dalam pembelajaran termasuk naik kelas. Bagi siswa dengan hambatan membaca tidak tergolong ABK maka tidak dapat mendapat layanan pendidikan inklusif dan rentan tinggal kelas. Dalam pelaksnaan pembelajaran, dimulai dengan pengembangan PPI oleh GPK dan guru kelas, menggunakan metode fonik dan dilakukan dalam setting pull out. Temuan dalam penelitian ini kemudian menjadi pembahasan dari penelitian ini. Topic: Inclusive education (formal and informal education) 180 Pengembangan Strategi Implementasi Dan Sistem Manajemen Pendidikan Inklusif Dengan Pendekatan Ekologis Sebagai Model Penyelenggaraan Wajar 9 Tahun BerkelanjutanZaenal Alimin, Nandi Warnandi, Riksma Nurahmi R Akhlan, Een Ratnengsih Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Pendidikan inklusif diyakini sebagai strategi yang tepat dalam mengimplementasikan gagasan pendidikan untuk semua, yang dalam kontek Indonesia, pendidikan inklusif erat kaitannya dengan upaya penyelenggaraan wajib belajar sembilan tahun. Provinsi Jawa Barat sejak tahun 2004 telah melakukan upaya-upaya untuk mengimplentasikan pendidikan inkusif, namun sejauh ini belum diketahui apakah implementasi pendidikan inklusif itu dapat terlaksana sebagaimana seharusnya dan apakah implementasi pendidikan inklusif berdampak terhadap perluasan akses belajar bagi semua anak dalam rangka wajib belajar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kondisi objektif implementasi pendidikan inklusif dilihat dari perspektif pendekatan ekologis dalam menuntaskan wajib belajar dan dampakya terhadap perluasan akses untuk memperoleh pendidikan, Model strategi implementasi pendidikan inklusif dengan pendekatan ekologis yang dapat digunakan dalam penyelenggaraan wajib belajar 9 tahun berkelanjutan. Pendekatan penelitian dilakukan dengan kualitatif yan secara operasional melalui dua tahap, pada tahap pertama mengeskplorasi kondisi objektif implementasi pendidikan inklusif dan dampaknya terhadap perluasan akses, yang dari temuan ini dirumuskan sebagai rancangan model strategi implementasi dan sistem manajemen pendidikan inklusif dengan pendekatan ekologis. Penelitian tahap kedua melakukan uji coba model (piloting) sebagai validasi isi dan empiris model, selanjutnya dilakukan Focus Group Discussion yang melibatkan pakar pendidikan, pemegang kebijakan pendidikan Provinsi Jawa Barat, Dewan Pendidikan untuk validasi konsensual mengenai model yang sudah diujicobakan. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan rekomendasi dalam pelaksanaan pendidikan inklusif guna terwujudnya pendidikan wajib belajar sembilan tahun Topic: Inclusive education (formal and informal education) 181 Current Practices of Inclusive Education; A case study in IndonediaUnik ambarwati, Sisca Rahmadonna, Pujaningsih 1Department of Elementary School Education, Yogyakarta State University, Colombo Street, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 2Department of Curriculum and Technology Education, Yogyakarta State University, Colombo Street, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 3Department of Special Education, Yogyakarta State University, Colombo Street, Abstract Increasing enrollment number of students with special needs in regular classroom required specific teaching skills of classroom teachers. Since 2001, Indonesia has been implementing an inclusive education that leads to urgent call for an in-depth investigation of some challenges and the need of support for teachers to provide adequate educational services for all learners including students with special needs. This paper reports a case study of inclusive practices in one of the cities in Indonesia which received a national award as an inclusive city in 2015. A forum Group Discussion (FGD), interview and observation were conducted in order to investigate the current practices and the need of support for teachers in inclusive schools. A variety of educational practices in inclusive schools in one city in Indonesia is found that relate to the need of support to improve collaborative work and teaching competencies in inclusive classrooms. Topic: Inclusive education (formal and informal education) 182 Fasilitator Teknokratik Berwawasan Etnik Dayak di Kabupaten KatinganSilipta, Achmad Hufad, Mustofa Kamil SPs UPI Abstract Masyarakat Kalimantan Tengah pada umum dari dulu hingga kini masih kekuatan perekonomiaannya bertumpu pada kekuatan alam. Kehidupannya bergantung pada pertaniaan tradisional menggunakan sawah dan berladang pada tanah kering (bukan sawah tanah berair), yang kemudian ditanami karet, rotan, sawit dan pisang. Seiring waktu kondisi mata pencaharian masyarakat tradisional itu mulai mendapatkan pergeseran mengingat munculnya berbagai tantangan Topic: Indigenous learning related to 21st century learning 183 Ethnic Idiom Articulation and Civic Education Material for Elementary School: Development of Cultural Citizenship LiteracyFauzi Abdillah,Solihin Ichas Hamid, Tuti Istianti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This article presents the design of a conceptual learning model of the Cultural Citizenship Literacy for Civic Education in school. Its main purpose is to revitalize custom and tradition as a source of value implementation in Civic Education. Assuming that culture and education must go hand in hand with the current development to face the challenges of education in the 21st century. Through semiotic analysis of the Civics content material with the classification of the Citizenship Moral Values by Hamid (2012) on the 6 ethnic idiom articulation, representing the large tribes in 6 large and small islands archipelago. This study recommends that there should be further research to test the reliability of the learning model in the school context. Topic: Indigenous learning related to 21st century learning 184 Effectiveness Solution Focused Brief Counseling to Develop Of Self Determination in Studentnandang rusmana (a*), dodi suryana (b) a. Indonesian University Of Education, Faculty of Education, Guidance and Counseling b. Indonesian University Of Education, aculty of Education, Guidance and Counseling Abstract This research is motivated by students having low self-determination that shows the behavior is not able to complete the task well, get the achievement (GPA) is lower, resulting in congestion, relatedness and independence of individuals in acting to choose and make decisions related to lectures. Efforts to develop self-determination is a brief, solution-focused counseling method. The mainaim of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of solution focused brief counseling in group settings to develop self-determination. This research used quasi experiment methods, with nonequivalent control group design. Participants in study include students in their three grade of UPI study programs. Based on the results of different test to the pretest-posttest data group obtained value m2 = 0.001 because m2 <0.05 then Ho is rejected and it can be concluded that Solution Focused Brief Counseling in group settings able to develop self-determination of students, but pratical not yet effective on indicator awareness of ability The self to change the situation for the better, get support from the family and have adults who can be consulted when the individual is confused and think carefully about the decision made and dare to risk the decision made. Therefore, conclusion can be drawn that solutions focused brief counseling in settings group has yet been significant in develop self-determination. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 185 The Use of Peer Teaching Method to Increase Self-Confidence of Deaf StudentsImas Diana Aprilia dan Shinta Malida Balqis Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Low language and communication skills on students with deaf have an impact on their lack of confidence and lack of learning experience. The existence of peers in the learning environment is suppose to be a means of developing self-confidence of deaf students. The objective of the research is to measure the data of application of the use of peer teaching method in improving self-confidence of deaf students. This research was conducted on students of class XI SMPLB-B with seven sample people. The study used a quantitative experimental approach with the One-Group Pre-test Post-test design. The results showed an increase of confidence by 19.04%. In the hypothesis test obtained J_count> J_table (28> 2) then the null hypothesis (H0) rejected. This means that the method of peer teaching can increase students confidence in the class XI SMPLB-B. Through the peer teaching method, the self-esteem, optimistic, objective, responsible, rational, and realistic beliefs that exist on the deaf students are increasing. Aspects of self-confidence on the deaf students develop in learning situations involving the acceptance of peers. Peer participation that has higher thinking ability and better communication, makes learning process more dynamic and deaf students can understand learning materials more quickly. Giving reinforcement and reward by teachers will reconstruct and reinforce a meaningful learning experience for deaf students. Teachers must understand and allow the deaf students to use language they agree upon without having to fixate on one of the language systems they do not understand. Teachers can also use all communication mediums i.e. speak, signal and write simultaneously (total communication). Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 186 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF STEINBERG EARLY READING PROGRAMME ON THE ABILITY OF READING AT PRIMARY SCHOOL IN PRIMARY SCHOOLTatat Hartati Prodi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 BAndung 40154 Abstract The Effectiveness of Steinberg Early Reading Programme on the Ability of Reading at Elementary School. This is an experimental research to implement Steinberg’s Early Reading Programme at Elementary School. The main objective of this research is to study the effectiveness of Steinberg’s Early Reading Programme on children’s ability to read at elementary school. This reading programme, called, ”A Four Phase Teaching Program”, consist of: word familiarization, word identification, phrase and sentence identification, texts interpretation. The result of experimental research showed a significant difference in the achievement of word and sentence reading test on experimental group (mean 47.00) and control group (mean 6.03). The ability of the Children to read words (mean 28.30) and sentences (mean 8.23). Learning and testing materials consist of 30 words of family words, nouns, verbs, and adjectives. The number of 10 consist of simple and complex sentences consisting of declarative, interogative, imperative and exclamation sentences. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 187 How problem reversal technique can improve the ability of students science imagination?Zulkarnaen1), Z.A. Imam Supardi2), Budi Jatmiko3*) 1)Mulawarman University 2,3*)Surabaya State University Abstract PKS learning model has been developed to improve students scientific creativity. The use of creative thinking techniques is a major activity in those learning model. One technique used is problem reversal to improve the students science imagination, which is one component of scientific creativity. Trial were conducted on 162 junior high school students in eighth grade, divided into six classes in two schools in Samarinda city, Indonesia. Each class is given seven meetings with two topics. Data of students science imagination is obtained through pretest and post-test. The improvement in students science imagination is seen through N-gain analysis and paired t test with α = 0.05. The results showed that students science imagination improved significantly with the average N-gain value of each class, for each topic, greater than 0.3 being in the medium category. This paper also describes how to use problem reversal techniques in science learning especially in junior high school students. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 188 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GALLERY WALK COOPERATIVE LEARNING TO ENHANCE STUDENTS’ INTELLECTUAL SKILLNisrina, Sapriya Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The objective condition of semester final exam result of Civic Education explained that 96 percent of students of class X TEI-B SMK Teknologi Industri Pembangunan Cimahi obtain score under standard of learning completeness. This is the problem as result of students’ intellectual skill which is low. Therefore, this study is aimed to enhance students’ intellectual skill. The formulation problem in this study is: “Is there difference of students’ intellectual skill in pretest and posttest in class who use cooperative learning of gallery walk?” Population in this quasi experimental study is class X SMK Teknologi Industri Pembangunan Cimahi. Sample of this study is students of class X TEI B (experiment class) who use cooperative learning model of gallery walk and X TEI C (control class) who use cooperative learning model with mind mapping. The study result showed that mean score of posttest for experiment class is 80.0000 which is higher than pretest score which is 60.8000. 92 percent of students in experiment class obtain posttest score which is higher compared to pretest score. Based on result of Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, then Z value obtained is -4.091 with p value (Asymp. Sig. 2 tailed) of 0.000 where the value is less than critical limit of study of 0.05 so it is decided to accept hypothesis H1 or it means that there is significant difference between pretest and posttest in experiment class. Hence, it can be concluded that cooperative learning of gallery walk type capable to enhance students’ intellectual skill. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 189 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ‘MOBIL JUARA’ PROGRAM TO INCREASE READING INTEREST FOR THE SOCIETYPriyanka Permata Putri, Danica Dwi Prahesti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The high reading interest society is very influential on the progress of a country. Where indonesian society still has a very low level for reading interest, whereas with reading, someone will have a vast knowledge, open creativity, high imagination, advanced thinking and become beginning of inteligent and intellectual human empowerment. One of inhibiting factor of reading interest is due to lack of supporting facilities to read is a library. In Indonesia from 77.095 villages, there are only 23.281 libraries in that villages or about 30%. From 258.000 schools and madrasah, there are only 118.599 libraries in that school and madrasah or about 49,96%. Rumah Zakat which is a philanthrophy institute found a ‘Mobil Juara’ program, with a purpose for foster interest reading to society, this is an effort to present a support facility to read for society and make reading as a habit. The purpose of this research is to find out how the effectiveness of ‘Mobil Juara’ program in foster interest reading for society. The type of this research is qualitative research and data source comes from primary data and secondary data. Result of research show that a ‘Mobil Juara’ program which until june 2017 is located in Cilegon and Solo, viewed from percentage of beneficiaries is 176,1% in Cilegon and 88% in Solo from beneficiaries target, and through the audio visual facilities for early stimulation in foster interest reading, equipping books for increase knowledge, and make society understand internet-based computers due to the development of technology, then society can read information who served via internet. ‘Mobil Juara’ activity very effective to foster interest reading because area visited by ‘Mobil Juara’ is a region which less has a facility to reading. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 190 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) TRAINING MODELIhat Hatimah Departemen Pendidikan Luar Sekolah Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Administering through corporate social responsibility (CSR) model is an effort to develop competence through a collaboration between companies, government, and education institutions. As a business entity, a company allocates some of their revenue to be used for the benefits of society through the CSR program. Government policies can be synergized with corporate CSR programs, and higher education institutions (HEIs) with their resources can contribute to the society. The purpose of this study was to describe: 1) a digital entrepreneurship training program and 2) CSR role in the training conduct. To achieve this purpose, a qualitative method was employed. The data were collected through observation, interview, document analysis, and literature review. The study took place at the Community Library (TBM) of Eco Bambu involving 8 persons as the data sources. The results of the study were: 1) the digital entrepreneurship training program was very positive in terms of the role of resource persons, implementation, and training outcomes; and 2) the CSR pattern was as follows: The education institution played a role as a facilitator, Eco Bambu Community Library as a training venue and operational facility provider, and government institution as a fund and resource persons provider. It was concluded that open communication and harmonious collaboration in the implementation of training program through CSR patterns could result in positive training activities. Further studies can focus on the impact of various trainings organized through CSR program. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 191 The Analysis of High Order Thinking Skill (HOTs) on Science Learning Uses Project Based Learning Model Toward Preservice Teacher in Primary Teacher Education ProgramK. Chrysti Suryandari, Sajidan, S. Budi Rahardjo, Z. Kun Prasetyo, S. Fatimah Student of Doctoral Program Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia Faculty of Science, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia Abstract This research aims to analyze the High Order Thinking skills (HOTs) on science learning toward preservice teacher in primary teacher education program by using project based learning (PjBL) model. Thinking skill consists of three aspects; Problem-solving, critical thinking, and creative thinking. This research works as an action research with a qualitative method. It involves 70 students. The techniques for data collection are the test, observation, and interview. Qualitative descriptive analysis with triangulation validity technique is utilized for data analysis. The result indicates that HOTs of the student on critical thinking aspect of creative thinking and problem solving still need improvement. It recommends practitioners, researchers, and stakeholders to empower HOTs with PjBL model. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 192 Reading Behaviour Base on Biological Information of Blood GroupsSusanti Agustina; Doddy Rusmono; Riche Chyntia Johan Library and Information Science Study Program, FIP UPI Abstract Biological information in the present study is limited to four types of blood groups namely A, B, O, and AB blood groups.Type of blood groups is genotive in nature and will not change the rest of man’s life. A bood group is one of genetic biologicaql structures which has influence on human behaviour a great deal. Blood group type proves to be the easiest and cheapest genetics identification tool. Practical implication of blood type has been developed to deal with personality since the year of 1992 in Japan. Blood group is considered functioning as a prognosys and pseudoscience. Empirical finding following research swhows that there is a behavioural pattern of reading book representing similarity to an individual with similar blood group tyle in a classical session. This phenomenon needs to be proven. The method used in the present study was a survey. Sampling was done on 80 individuals of 100 student population aged between 17 and 22 years. Random sampling was chosen with stratification. Population was grouped in the strata with homogenous sample unit from blood group type. Each sample’s blood group was obtained from medical records at laboratory examination at the University Health Center. The focus of survey on reading behaviour comprises the followings: first, habits emerged when reading book takes place; second, book selecting time; third, reading style – of which aim is to put book reading behaviour pattern on individuals into a mode of mapping based on their type of blood groups. Result from the study as expected is firstly, a scientific base on a reading book theory. Secondly, an identification model of user’s profile to develop reading services program at various kinds of libraries. Thirdly, a way of making it easier for librarian to conduct a reader’s advisory work in reading interest. Fourthly, collecting a reading book as it is presented to the users appropriate with individuals’ behaviours. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 193 MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN PENGRAJIN BERBASIS KETERAMPILAN HOME INDUSTRY DALAM MENINGKATKAN KREATIVITASMuhammad Irfan Hilmi, Mustofa Kamil Sekolah Pascasarjana UPI Abstract Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap penyelenggaraan program kursus keterampilan kerajinan patung tanimar di Desa Pamulihan Kecamatan Pamulihan Kabupaten Sumedang.Masalah pokok dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana penyelenggaraan program kursus keterampilan ditinjau dari hasil penyelenggara serta dampak penyelenggaraan program tersebut terhadap kreativitas warga belajar (pengrajin). Pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode deskripsi. Subjek penelitian yang dijadikan sumber data berjumlah tiga orang subjek primer yaitu tiga orang warga belajar lulusan program. Teknik pengumpulan data observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Temuan hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa: (1) Hasil pembelajaran yang dicapai, yaitu 10 orang warga belajar mengalami peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap dan keterampilan ke arah yang progresif tentang finishing kerajinan patung tanimar. (2) Dampak pembelajaran atau pengaruh adalah manfaat yang diperoleh lulusan warga belajar berupa peningkatan hasil karya yang dibuat, peningkatan pendapat, tercipta kondisi saling membelajarkan di dalam kelompok, pemasaran barang secara mandiri Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 194 The Analysis of High Order Thinking Skill (HOTs) on Science Learning Uses Project Based Learning Model Toward Preservice Teacher in Primary Teacher Education ProgramKartika Chrysti S., Sajidan, Sentot Budi R., Zuhdan Kun P., Siti Fatimah Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia Abstract This research aims to analyze the High Order Thinking skills (HOTs) on science learning toward preservice teacher in primary teacher education program by using project based learning (PjBL) model. Thinking skill consists of three aspects; Problem-solving, critical thinking, and creative thinking. This research works as an action research with a qualitative method. It involves 70 students. The techniques for data collection are the test, observation, and interview. Qualitative descriptive analysis with triangulation validity technique is utilized for data analysis. The result indicates that HOTs of the student on critical thinking aspect of creative thinking and problem solving still need improvement. It recommends practitioners, researchers, and stakeholders to empower HOTs with PjBL model. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 195 Developing School Management Capacity Through Teacher and School Staff (PTK) InvolvementCepi Triatna Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This study aims to describe, analyze and create patterns of involvement of teacher and school staff (PTK) in the development of school management capacity. This research is descriptive qualitative with case study at two high schools (SMA), namely SMA Negeri 2 Bandung and SMA Negeri 2 Kota Tasikmalaya. Technique of data mining is done by: observation, interview, and study of school document. Data processing is done through data analysis process, data display, and data verification. The results show that the school management capacity is manifested in the form of the process of formulating and developing school vision, mission and objectives; implement school work programs, and evaluate school work programs. The essence of school management capacity building is the extension of PTK involvement in the school management process in accordance with their respective roles. But not all of the involvement of PTK in school management becomes the process of developing the school management capacity. The involvement of PTK that lead to the strengthening of school management capacity is realized when PTK awareness and commitment grow and develop during the day-to-day management process. This study concludes that the involvement of PTK becomes the process of developing the capacity of school management when the involvement of PTK in the school management process is accompanied by commitment and awareness of PTK so as to realize the professional learning community in school. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 196 RECRUITMENT MODEL OF HUMAN RESOURCES TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION IN IMPROVING GRADUATES’ COMPETENCE AND EMPLOYABILITYJajat S Ardiwinata, Dadang Yunus, Cucu Sukmana Departemen Pendidikan Luar Sekolah Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The role of study group of out-of-school education laboratory Indonesia University of Education in providing program services has a strategic role in the middle of the limited learning service in the class. The laboratory is used as a learning center (learning center) as well as learning practice in preparing PLS UPI graduates to be ready to compete with other universities supported by educational and training tools. In addition, professional management arrangements in managing PLS laboratory should be supported by a clear and precise operational procedures unit so that the competence of PLS UPI graduates can increase according to the graduate profile. This research method applied is qualitative approach with case method. The data collection techniques used are interview techniques, observation, literature study, documentation study with data sources of 5 students, 1 organizer, 3 lab.PLS and 1 resource speaker. The result of the research shows that the general condition of the student activity of the department of PLS after the activity of motivation study group and interest is high, social contact (the ability of students to communicate very high / active, and the stewardship of BEM in Department and University is very high.) There is a conceptual model design that begins with stratified assessment, including initial assessment, process assessment, and final assessment as a follow-up. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 197 THE AGROINDUSTRY COPRPORATE PERFORMANCE OF BEYOND COMPLIANCE ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENTAnwar Hamdani, Mulyanto, I Gusti Putu Diva Awatara STIE Adi Unggul Bhirawa Abstract Every corporate in Indonesia is currently on demand to meet the requirements or exceed the provisions of the requirements on environmental protection and management in accordance with Law No. 32 of 2009. Many companies increasingly raising awareness in the protection and management of the environment due to the demands and needs of the company for the importance of protection and Environmental management for the sustainability of the companys current and future business activities. This study aims to increase the number of agroindustry companies that can help increase the growth of start up with various resources owned by agro industry companies. This type of research is survey. This research was conducted at agroindustry company in Central Java and Yogyakarta. The population in this study were all managers from top managers, middle managers and line managers of agroindustry sector in Central Java and Yogyakarta Special Region based on company performance rating (PROPER) for 2014 - 2015 period of 200 respondents. The sampling technique used in this study is proportionate stratified random sampling. The results of this study indicate that more agroindustry companies are trying to exceed compliance in the Protection and Management of the environment and increase the growth of start up through community development programs and CSR Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 198 IMPROVING STUDENTS’ ART CREATIVITY AND APPRECIATION OF PGSD FIP UPI THROUGH THE ART PERFORMANCE ENTITLED “KALENG” IN ART DEVELOPMENT COURSEIra Rengganis Prodi PGSD. Departemen PEDAGOGIK.FIP.UPI Abstract This writing is motivated by the level of students’ art creativity and appreciation that is very diverse. In this paper, the formulation of the problem is how the implementation and improvement of art creativity and appreciation of PGSD students is done through art performance. This writing aims to get descriptive description of the implementation and improvement of art creativity and appreciation of PGSD students through Art Performance. This study applied the method of art criticism consisting of several stages, namely the stages of description, formal analysis, interpretation and the last stage of assessment. Through the analysis process with the art criticism method, it can be concluded that the art creativity and appreciation of PGSD FIP UPI students increases through art performance. The conclusion of this writing is that art performance will provide opportunities for students to develop a number of potentials optimally. The recommendation of art performance activities is expected to be implemented and get support from various parties, in an effort to increase the art creativity and appreciation of learners. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 199 DESIGN OF INTEGRATED LEARNING ENVIRONMENT BASED ON MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATIONRita Mariyana, Ocih Setiasih Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The study aims to develop an integrated learning environment design based on multiple intellegence for early childhood. Especially children aged 4 to 6 years. The research approach uses research and development through two stages. The first step is to develop multiple intelligence instruments needed to support the design of integrated learning environment based on multiple intelligence. The second stage, designing the design of integrated learning environment based on multiple intellegence based on the development stage. The study was conducted in West Java Indonesia. Through literature study and observation to early childhood education institute produced a picture of integrated learning environment design with learning process that can be used early child educator to optimize childrens multiple intelligences Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 200 HIGHER EDUCATION FOR TEACHER TRAINING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION TO BECOME TEACHERSMohammad Ali, Vina Adriany, Bahrul Hayat Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Teacher profession deals with giving service to students. Its quality and effectiveness are not only supported by competencies or hard skills, but also by soft skills, such as caring and patience. The soft skills are contributed by motivation, particularly the adaptive one. Conceptually, this can be developed through the curriculum. This study addresses the problem of the extent to which Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia students who are undertaking teacher training programs motivate to become teachers. This study adopted a quantitative descriptive method by collecting data from the students this university using questionnaires in the form of Motivation Scales adapted from that of developed by Kyriacou & Benmansour. The sample subjects are randomly selected from six clusters. The data was analyzed by utilizing simple descriptive statistics, two factors ANOVA, and post-hock analysis using Dunnet-tψ multiple comparison tests. Findings of the study indicate the students’ motivation of being teachers although it is high but vary among the six clusters as well as among the motivation category of adaptive and maladaptive across the six clusters. This implies the needs to review the curriculum, particularly the basic one regarding the development of teachers profession focusing on the cultivation of motivation particularly the adaptive one. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 201 Developing Information and Technology Based Learning Model in Curriculum and Instruction Subject to Improve Students’ Learning AchievementZainal Arifin Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This research was intended to develop information and technology based learning model to improve students’ learning achievement. The method used for this study was Research and Development. The result has discovered that: (1) the perception of lecturers and students toward the learning process is good, the students motivation is low, the condition of the learning facilities and infrastructure is quite good, the condition of student learning result is good, and the student perception towards the utilization of information technology in learning before the research is good, (2) this learning model includes instruction planning, implementation, and evaluation. Each learning stage uses information technology, and (3) effective information technology-based learning model to improve students’ learning outcomes. The implications are that (1) the lecturers need to apply the information technology-based learning model in the curriculum and instruction subject, (2) Indonesia University of Education needs to respond to the challenges and demands of ICT development according to the needs of the world-class university; (3) there should be training for lecturers about the application information technology-based learning model, and (4) there should be research with the course scope and the more various classifications of learning outcomes. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 202 ADAPTASI PROGRAM PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA PERMULAAN SISWA DENGAN HAMBATAN KECERDASAN DI SEKOLAH DASARDr. Tjutju Soendari, M.Pd. Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh fakta di lapangan yaitu adanya siswa dengan hambatan kecerdasan (Child with Intellectual Disability) di kelas IV Sekolah Dasar yang belum mampu membaca kata. Guru tidak membuat program pembelajaran membaca secara khusus untuk siswa yang bersangkutan, sehingga program pembelajaran bagi siswa tersebut cenderung sama dengan program yang dipersiapkan bagi teman-teman sebayanya yang tidak mengalami hambatan kecerdasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan program pembelajaran membaca permulaan yang mampu mengakomodasi siswa dengan hambatan kecerdasan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan research & development melalui dua tahap. Tahap pertama, menggali objektivitas kemampuan membaca siswa dengan hambatan kecerdasan dan pelaksanaan pembelajaran membaca yang dilakukan guru di kelas; tahap kedua, perumusan program dan uji keterlaksanaan program. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui teknik wawancara , observasi dan studi dokumentasi. Berdasarkan keterlaksanaan program diperoleh hasil bahwa adanya peningkatan kemampuan membaca permulaan pada siswa dengan hambatan kecerdasan dan perubahan positif yang terjadi pada kondisi pembelajaran membaca permulaan di kelas. Hasil keterlaksanaan program direkomendasikan kepada guru untuk menggunakan program pembelajaran yang telah diujicobakan khususnya dalam pembelajaran membaca permulaan. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 203 MODEL OF GEOGRAPHIC SKILLS MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT FOR DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION STUDENTSDr. Ahmad Yani, M.Si.; and Prof. Dr. Enok Maryani, M.S. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Geographic skills is a concept that explain the individual potency in processing spatial information to solve the encountered problem. In the concept of geography skills there is a concept that support it which is spatial intelligence and geo-literacy. Spatial intelligence is an individual ability to determine the orientation and representation of space. Geo-literacy is an individual understanding of every phenomenon or symptom that occurs in the environment based on the aspects of interconnection, interaction, and implication. This research succeed to develop a model of geography skills measurement instrument. Subject of this research consists of 150 students. The instrument model that has been developed is in the form of multiple choice tests with 5 options. Spatial intelligence component covers the theme of cognitive maps, cognitive collage, and spatial mental; while geo-literacy covers interactions and interconnections theme. From the result of tests obtained the validity value of 0,67 and its reliability of 0,71. With that research results could be conclude that the instrument model have excellent potency to be implemented on wider subjects in measure geography skills. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 204 EDUCATIONAL INTERACTION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CLASSROOM MANAGEMENTIip Saripah, Ishak Abdulhak Departemen PLS FIP UPI Abstract The purpose of this study was to describe a classroom management in an early childhood education program. The teaching and learning process requires interaction between teachers and students and between students and students. A good classroom management will be based on teaching principles by taking account of appropriate, systematic, practical and flexible teaching strategies. This study attempted to describe educational interaction procedures in early childhood program at the Community Learning Center (PKBM) of Sukamulya, Cinambo, Bandung. To this end, a qualitative descriptive study was carried out. The research instruments included participant observation, in-depth interview and document analysis. The participants were 17 learner’s parents, 1 program administrator, and 1 tutor. It is expected that classroom management could be implemented as a conscious effort to organize teaching and learning activities systematically. This includes preparing instructional materials, preparing learning facilities and properties, preparing classroom, time management, setting up seating arrangement to ensure a good process of teaching and learning. The seating arrangement is changed periodically to keep students from feeling boredom in learning. The early childhood classroom requirements at the Sukamulya PKBM has been set up to facilitate early childhood needs and development. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 205 DEVELOPMENT OF E-LEARNING MODEL TO IMPROVE LEARNING OUTCOMES OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGAT SMKRusman, Ronny Mugara Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This research is motivated by the low of learning result of Student Mechanics of Class X of SMK. The problem of research whether e-learning Model Learning effectively improve learning outcomes in the subjects of Mechanics Mechanics in SMK? The purpose of this research is to produce E-learning Learning Model which can improve students learning outcomes in the learning of Mechanical Mechanics at SMK Building Engineering Skill Program. The research method used in this research is Reseach and Development (R & D). The steps of research on model development are: field study, relevant document analysis, development study, and program validation. The study population consisted of three vocational schools in Bandung with the sample of all students class X Building Engineering Programs. The data obtained were analyzed using quantitative (qualitative) and qualitative analysis (downsizing, demonstration, and data verification). Based on preliminary study of learning outcomes of students of class X three SMK in Bandung in Mechanical Engineering subjects is still low that is 32.3% of 356 students have not reached KKM. Efforts to improve student learning outcomes by applying the E-learning Learning Model. The results showed that the E-learning Learning Model proved to be effective can improve student learning outcomes in the subjects of Mechanics Mechanics. The effectiveness is indicated by the increase in the average gain index, SMK 5 Bandung 0,50000, SMKN 6 Bandung amounted to 0.722426, and SMKN PUN Bandung of 0.28120. Increased overall gain index is 0.751816. Stages of Learning E-learning Models developed are: 1) interactivity; 2) independence; 3) accessibility; 4) enrichment, and 5) evaluation. Implementation of Learning Model E-learning in learning includes a limited and broad test. The views of teachers and students on E-learning Learning Model developed is very effective in improving learning outcomes but need adequate supporting facilities ie computers and internet networks. It was concluded that Effective E-learning Learning Model improves learning outcomes of Student Mechanics of Grade X Student of SMK. The implications for the development of concepts, curriculum, and learning in SMK. Recommendations addressed to principals, teachers, and subsequent research can be taken into consideration in determining school policy, provision of facilities and instructional media, and subsequent research may consider limitations in this study. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 206 Classroom Management Concept Application toward Joyfull learning activity in primary school of Bandung CityDr. Yayah Rahyasih, M.Pd; Dr. Yahya Sudarya, M.Pd Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The quality of instruction is highly dependent upon teachers’ professionalism; hence, it is necessary to have quality teachers with the ability, among others, to create a joyful learning atmosphere that can evoke students’ passion and motivation to learn. The ability to manage the class and create a joyful atmosphere is absolutely necessary, which eventually can encourage students to achieve. A joyful learning highly affects students’ learning conditions. Therefore, teachers are required to be creative and innovative in creating a joyful learning atmosphere in the classroom so that students can feel comfortable and get the enjoyment of learning. Teachers’ creativity and innovations will create a joyful learning experience for the students. The research aims to analyse the following: 1. Teachers’ mastery and implementation of classroom management concepts in primary school teaching and learning. 2. Teachers’ implementation of the concept of joyful learning in primary school teaching and learning. 3. The learning atmosphere experienced by primary school students during the instructional process. The research adopted the descriptive-qualitative method and was conducted in primary schools in Bandung City. The findings of the research are in the forms of analyses of teachers’ ability in implementing the concepts of classroom management and the learning atmosphere felt by students in the classroom instructional activities. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 207 PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MODEL KONSIDERASI TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN SOSIAL ANAK DENGAN HAMBATAN EMOSI DAN PRILAKUNandi Warnandi, Dea Yulida Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Anak dengan hambatan emosi dan perilaku merupakan anak yang memiliki hambatan dalam mengadakan hubungan dengan orang lain. Pada dasarnya peserta didik di SLB E Handayani memiliki keterampilan sosial yang rendah. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan perilaku yang cenderung tidak sesuai dengan aturan, norma bahkan hukum yang berlaku. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model konsiderasi terhadap keterampilan anak dengan hambatan emosi dan perilaku di SLB E Handayani. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimen. Desain yang digunakan ialah One Group Pre-Test Post-Test. Analisis data mengggunakan teknik statistik non parametrik dengan uji Wilcoxon, uji hipotesisnya menggunakan uji t. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan pada taraf signifikasi 0,05 dengan perolehan Thitung = 21 dan Ttabel = 0. Model pembelajaran konsiderasi berpengaruh dalam meningkatkan keterampilan sosial peserta didik dengan hambatan emosi dan perilaku di SLB E Handayani. Model konsiderasi diharapkan dapat dipergunakan oleh semua guru sebagai alternatif dalam pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan keterampilan sosial peserta didik dengan hambatan emosi dan prilaku. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 208 Exploring Visual Arts Potentials in Fostering a Child’s Creativity for National Development in NigeriaUDENTA FIDELIS CHIEMEKA Department of Fine Art, Institute of Management and Technology (IMT) Enugu, Nigeria. Abstract Abstract: Visual Art has trailed man’s existence from the cave to the moon. Dating back to ages, when man drew images on the walls of the caves, the essence of arts in human existence has been established. Art became the means through which man’s experience was recorded, and by which he made some senses of the world he lives in. Through art, man gave expression to his understanding, his imagination and his creativity. As the world grew larger, faster and more competitive, the need to create a matching trend became more increasingly desirable. We must begin with harnessing and nurturing creativity from the child, knowing full well that children can think creatively, skillfully, and "outside the box”. This paper highlights the positive impact derivable from visual art for all round growth of the child and for the future of the society. Children are naturally creative. They see the world through fresh, new eyes and then use what they see in original ways. We need to encourage them. Every child is born with creative potential, but this potential may be stifled if care is not taken to nurture and stimulate creativity. Unfortunately Nigeria has failed to appreciate the potentials of visual arts for national development, which of course should start with the child. Key words: visual art, expression, creativity, skill, development Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 209 DEVELOPING EDUCATION PEACE BASED ON AL-QURAN VALUES IN INDONESIAN SCHOOLSUman suherman (a*) and Nurhudaya (b) a. Indonesia University Of Education, Departement of Educational Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Education Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung b. Indonesia University Of Education, Departement of Educational Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Education, Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung Abstract In recent times, there has been schools successfully establishing a climate of peace, respect, compassion, fair, ethical and mutual respect. Kinds of violence which are done by teachers and students have been already alarming even in the category of emergency. Peace education is an effort to develop a culture of school peace reinforced with religious values, that education has the capacity and the responsibility to lift humanitarian issues, regarding how people live side by side with others, and have concern for other human beings. This is indeed the true crisis in education. Peace education based on religious values aims to develop learning that support social cohesion, justice, and the preservation of the environment. Social cohesion and mutual understanding between citizens involved in a dispute can be achieved through the provision of education that focuses on a) Survival Skills; b) interpersonal Skills; c) Problem-Solving Skills; and d) Conflict Resolution Skills. Thus, this article describes the findings of study about developing peace education based on Al-Qur’an values in Indonesian schools. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 210 THE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF MULTICULTURAL COUNSELORSNandang budiman Departement of Educational Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Education, Indonesia University Of Education Abstract The final purpose of this research is to produce The Professional Training of Multicultural Counselors which is effective to develop multicultural competence. Three steps of research were conducted by using research and development (R & D) methodology which involved 16 students from the Counselor Education of UPI in 2016. The first step was introduction study involving survey and literature review. The second step was development of Professional Training of Multicultural Counselor involving development and expert validation. The third step was testing which involved experiment of effectiveness and final revision. The research produces The Professional Training of Multicultural Counselors which is empirically effective to develope multicultural competence. The scenario of training used in the research consisted of first, execution, and follow-up steps. Meanwhile, the strategy of training consisted of systematical reflection, Socratic dialogue, simulation, and practice. The recommendation addressed to the institutions of Counselor Education, counselors, further researches, and Indonesia Counseling Association. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 211 GARDNERS FIVE MINDS-BASED LEARNING IN DEVELOPING OF COUNSELORS PERSONALSunaryo Kartadinata (a*), Syamsu Yusuf (b), nandang budiman (c), and ipah saripah (d) a. Indonesia University Of Education, Faculty Of Education, Guidance and Counseling. b. Indonesia University Of Education, Faculty Of Education, Guidance and Counseling. c. Indonesia University Of Education, Faculty Of Education, Guidance and Counseling. d. Indonesia University Of Education, Faculty Of Education, Guidance and Counseling. Abstract The personal aspect becomes a crucial to the success of guidance and counseling, but its development has not been designed in a learning process. This research aims to develop the Gardners Five Minds-Based Learning in Developing of Counselor’s Personal. The research was conducted for two years, 2015-2016, through research and development (R & D) methodology, involved 70 students of Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance. This study resulted in Gardners Five Minds-Based Learning, which is effective in developing of counselor’s personal of students. The results of model experiment shows that in the experimental group there are significant changes in each domain, except the domain of meaning construction step, whereas in the control group there is not significant change in all domains. This trend suggests that Gardners Five Minds-Based Learning can be said to be effective in developing of counselors personal for experimental group and conventional learning is not effective in developing of counselors personal in control group. Recommendations adressed to the Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance in developing courses that can facilitate the counselors personal development effectively and for further researches. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 212 Profiles of Students’ Learning Styles in Sorogan-Bandongan Organic Chemistry LectureRinaningsih1, Asep Kadarohman2, Harry Friman2, Suyatno1 1. Department of Chemistry FMIPA Universitas Negri Surabaya 2. Department of Chemistry FMIPA Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Individual-based independent curriculum as one of target of national education of Indonesia in XXI century can be achieved with the implementation of Sorogan-Bandongan model. This kind of learning model highly facilitates students in understanding various concepts with their own, respective learning styles. This research aims to perceive the effectiveness of Sorogan-Bandongan in increasing the mastery of concept in various learning styles. The samples of this research are students majoring in chemistry amounted to 31 students. Using pre-test and post-test instrument, data are analyzed in descriptive-qualitative method. Based on the result of the data analysis, it is found that 16% of students have mathematical/logical learning style, 19% naturalist, 13% visual/spatial, 13% kinesthetic, 6% lingusitic, 13% intrapersonal, 10% interpersonal, and 10% musical. After the implementation of Sorogan-Bandongan model in the Organic Chemistry lectures, improvement of classical learning outcomes as 11,07 is obtained. Six out of eight learning styles of students experienced increase in mastery of concept. 67% of the students that have naturalist learning style and 50% that have interpersonal experienced a decline in mastery of concept. This decline of the mastery of concept is caused by the implemented materials that are abstract, and reinforced by the individuality of Sorogan-Bandongan model. From the research, it can be concluded that Sorogan-Bandongan model is very individualistic that it is less suitable for students having interpersonal learning style. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 213 Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling Model to Optimize Cognitive Potentially and Adaptive Behavior of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders StudentsHidayat Special Education Department, Faculty of Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The purposes of this research is to find out effectiveness of counseling model cognitive-behavioral which optimizing cognitive ability and adaptive behavior of ADHD students, to find out correlation between cognitive ability and adaptive behavior to ADHD students, to examine contribution of counseling model cognitive-behavioral, both of simultaneous and one by one toward the optimizing cognitive ability and adaptive behavior of ADHD students, and to find out the contribution of counseling model cognitive-behavioral in optimizing cognitive ability and adaptive behavior of ADHD students. This research uses quantitative and qualitative methods all together. This research is conducted in order to analyze the tendentious of learning difficulties of ADHD students, its causes and teacher’s effort in guiding ADHD student’s learning difficulties using participative-collaborative in examining the worthiness of hypothetic counseling model cognitive-behavioral to attack learning difficulties of ADHD students. The results of this research showed that counseling model cognitive-behavioral in effect to optimizing cognitive ability and adaptive behavior of ADHD students Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 214 IMPLEMENTASI PROGRAM INTERVENSI MANDIRI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN SOSIAL ANAK PENYANDANG ASDHerlina, Rudi Susilana *Psikologi **Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Keefektifan intervensi yang melibatkan orangtua telah mendorong munculnya berbagai penawaran pelatihan bagi orangtua agar dapat mengintervensi anaknya di rumah. Terdapat cukup penelitian yang membuktikan bahwa pelatihan orangtua, kelompok pelatihan keterampilan sosial, dan terapi perilaku kognitif merupakan strategi intervensi yang bermanfaat dan menjanjikan bagi peningkatan keterampilan sosial anak (Autism Ontario, 2012). Sejalan dengan hal tersebut, penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengkaji keefektifan implementasi Program Intervensi Mandiri (PIM) dalam meningkatkan keterampilan sosial anak penyandang Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Secara khusus, penelitian ini ditujukan untuk melihat keefektifan pelatihan dalam meningkatkan kemampuan dan kemandirian orangtua dalam merancang dan melaksanakan Program Intervensi Individual Keterampilan Sosial (PIIKS) terhadap anaknya yang menyandang ASD dan untuk melihat keefektifan intervensi mandiri oleh orangtua dalam meningkatkan keterampilan sosial anak penyandang ASD. Penelitian ini melibatkan dua kelompok subjek, yaitu subjek orangtua dan subjek anak, dan meliputi dua tahap utama penelitian, yaitu tahap pelatihan dan tahap intervensi. Orangtua menjadi subjek penelitian pada tahap pelatihan mapun tahap intervensi, sedangkan anak menjadi subjek penelitian pada tahap intervensi. Terdapat beberapa instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini, yaitu: instrumen untuk mengukur pemahaman orangtua, instrumen untuk mengukur keefektifan program, dan instrumen untuk mengukur kemampuan anak ASD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kegiatan pelatihan Program Intervensi Mandiri (PIM) efektif dalam meningkatkan kemampuan dan kemandirian orangtua dalam merancang dan melaksanakan Program Intervensi Individual Keterampilan Sosial (PIIKS) bagi anaknya yang menyandang Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Intervensi oleh orangtua dengan merujuk pada PIIKS yang telah disusun orangtua terbukti efektif dalam meningkatkan keterampilan sosial anak penyandang ASD. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 215 Promoting Post School Vocational Education For Student With Intellectual Disability- Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Hambatan Intelektual pada Tunagrahita berdampak pada kesiapan diri dalam menemukan, menekuni keterampilan hidup, mengikuti persaingan ketenagakerjaan dan berujung pada kemandirian. Untuk itu sebaiknya perlu dirumuskan model, desain vokasional yang diharapkan menjadi salah satu alternatif untuk menyiapkan tunagrahita agar hidup tidak tergantung pada yang lain. Pendekatan yang digunakan pada studi ini melalui penelitian dan pengembangan (Research and Development) yang diawali dengan kajian lapangan pada sekolah, lembaga yang mengampu anak tunagrahita paska sekolah. Adapun temuan lapangan menunjukan belum terpenuhi kebutuhan-kebutuhan anak tunagrahita sebagai bekal untuk memiliki keterampilan berkaitan dengan bekal kemandirian.Studi ini juga sekaligus menjawab bahwa kurikulum di SLB - C dengan perbandingan 30% pengetahuan, 70% vokasi belum dapat membekali peserta didik agar memiliki keterampilan hidup secara optimal. Selain itu melalui penelitian ini dapat dirumuskan, Model Thematic Pelatihan Vocational untuk Anak Tunagrahita paska sekolah (Vocational Training Thematic Model). Implikasi dari penelitian perlu di masyarakatkan bahwa anak tunagrahita dapat mengaktualisasikan diri melalui ketersediaan Model latihan Vokasional yang sesuai dengan kemampuannya, serta dibutuhkan lingkungan yang kondusif baik berkaitan dengan rekan kerja maupun kebijakan pimpinan lapangan dimana anak tunagrahita bekerja. Topic: Innovation and implication the new learning services model for the 21st century 216 TENDENCY OF INNOVATION POTENCY AND MASTERY OF FOUNDATION OF DICISION MAKING OF THE SCHOOL PRINCIPALSAceng Muhtaram Mirfani Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Schools in the era of global life are required to have a "self-renewal mechanism" (Muhtaram, 2009) to become a continuous organization that never stops transforming change (Prastacos et al 2002). The principal strategic role of the principal as managers of change becomes increasingly urgent to attend as "enabler in chief" (Hamel and Zanini, 2014). He should be able to map out the underlying problems in his school, which will only be resolved through renewal efforts. Therefore, the innovation and mastery of the foundation of decision making become a prerequisite for a principal. This article examines how the portrait of the additional experience of primary school principals with alternative strategies of strategic steps to increase the professionalism of principals. Surveys were conducted on 120 primary school principals. The objective of the survey is to know the tendency of innovation potency map and mastery of the foundation of decision making of school principals. Methods are performed through the innovative potential test and weigh the position of decision making. The findings of the study indicate a general trend of potential decent for the principals task only in a small proportion of principals. How to Strengthen Decision Making Process, generally in the low category. Topic: Leadership and Educational Administration 217 OPTIMALISASI CITRA PERGURUAN TINGGI SWASTA MELALUI PENGUATAN INTERELASI KINERJA PEMASARAN SATUAN PENDIDIKANElin Rosalin, Taufani C. Kurniatun Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Penelitian ini berusaha untuk mengungkapkan peran kinerja bauran pemasaran jasa pendidikan dan dampaknya terhadap citra perguruan tinggi. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan survei lapangan. Data diambil dari mahasiswa perguruan tinggi swasta yaitu sebanyak 130 orang dengan menggunakan teknik convenience sampling. Analisis data dan pengujian hipotesis dijalankan dengan menggunakan Pemodelan Equational Struktural (SEM) dan perangkat lunak SPSS Versi 17,0 dan LISREL 8,70 Versi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa aspek bauran jasa pendidikan memiliki peran signifikan dalam membentuk citra perguruan tinggi. Untuk kinerja pemasaran dalam bauran produk, promosi, harga, lokasi, orang, fasilitas fisik dan proses berpengaruh terhadap citra perguruan tinggi. Citra perguruan tinggi adalah pandangan, impresi, perasaan, konsepsi mahasiswa mengenai kegiatan operasional pendidikan mulai dari input, proses, output berorientasi pada segi layanan yang langsung di rasakan mahasiswa sebagai penerima jasa, dimana mungkin mempengaruhi langsung atau tidak langsung. Akhirnya, implikasi dari penelitian ini diarahkan untuk pengembangan strategi lembaga di segitiga pemasaran jasa dengan mengacu pada aspek bauran pemasaran jasa dan implikasi manajerial khusus dalam mengelola perguruan tinggi. Topic: Leadership and Educational Administration 218 AN ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH STUDENTS’ WORKSHEET AT THE EIGHTH GRADEImam Sudarmaji Universitas Islam Syekh-Yusuf Abstract In general, the aim of this research is to find out the fulfillment the criteria of writing student worksheet of the content of English students’ worksheet for the eighth grade students in second semester of academic year 2016/2017. In more specific, the research is conducted to know the fulfillment of didactic requirement, fulfillment of construction requirement, and the technical requirement. The method will be used by the writer is qualitative research. The qualitative research is done by matching the criteria of writing student worksheet. The criteria consist of didactic requirement, construction requirement, and technical requirement. It is analyzed by comparing the content of the material of student worksheet with the criteria of writing student worksheet. Topic: Learning assessment 219 Employing Support Vector Machine in differentiating Alertness Driver.Ashardi Abas computing department universiti pendidikan sultan idris Abstract The development of technologies for improving driving behavior is a major challenge in the field of transportation systems. To classify the alertness level during driving requires a method for accurately detecting a decline in driver alertness and a method for alerting and refreshing the driver. As a classification method, the researcher have developed a system that uses image processing technology to analyze images of the road lane with a video camera integrated with steering wheel angle data collection from car simulation system. The Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification technique diminished alertness level by using non intrusive systems, using standard equipment sensors, aim to reduce these road accidents caused by non alertness drivers. This classification system provides a non-contact technique for judging various levels of driver alertness and facilitates early detection of a decline in alertness during driving. The presented results are based on a selection of alertness database which covers almost 60 hours of driving data collection measurements. All the parameters extracted from vehicle parameter data are collected in a driving simulator. With all the features from a real vehicle, a SVM alertness level classification model is constructed. After several improvements, the classification results showed a very good indication of alertness level by using those systems. The first phase of the framework determines if the driver is in the alertness state or if it is just a false alarm. The second stage determines the level of the alertness. Topic: Linkage between education and research 220 ADAPTATION TEENAGE NONVIOLENCE TEST TO MEASURE THE PEACEFULNESS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTSDadang Sudrajat Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI), Jl. Dr. Setiabudi 229, Bandung 40291, West Java, Indonesia Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Education Sciences (FIP) d-sudrajat[at]upi.edu Abstract This study aims to adapt the scale of teenage nonviolence test (TNT) that Mayton developed into the Indonesian cultural context to obtain a valid and reliable scale. By using descriptive method toward 2293 students from some State Senior High School of Bandung and through Rasch modeling analysis, it is reported that all items can be correctly perceived by the students. Cronbach alpha reliability of .89 and unidimensionality of 36.5%, both are categorized good. The Indonesian version of the TNT scale has a high internal consistency in psychological nonviolence, physical nonviolence, and satyagraha. Whereas in empathy/helping, tapasya, and the active values orientation, internal consistency including medium category. The implications of the research still require further research on the scale of TNT at the level of education in elementary, junior and vocational schools, or among santri in Pesantren in order to obtain conclusive and comprehensive results, both urban or rural. This research, however, demonstrates a good dynamic, movement, progress, and beginning for the development of the TNT scale in the context of a rich ethnic Indonesia. Topic: Multicultural and Peace Education 221 Interplay between Hope for Peace, Moral Foundation, and Need for ClosureNuraini Azizah, Agus Abdul Rahman, Royanulloh, Irfan Fahmi UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung Abstract Previous studies on peace have demonstrated its contribution to promoting a better life. It became an important field with its complex construct involving various aspects. Psychology studies have also started to give their attention to the concept of peace. This study aims to examine the interaction between hope for peace, moral foundation, and cognitive closure. A questionnaire consists of these variables was distributed to 374 undergraduate students with age ranged from 18 to 24. The correlational analysis was used to examine the data. The results show that hope for peace seems to be correlated with need for closure and five moral foundations, with the strongest relationship between hope for peace and ingroup/loyalty. Moreover, there are correlations between need for closure and all moral foundations except authority/respect. Topic: Multicultural and Peace Education 222 Peace Culture In Daarut Tauhiid High School Bandung IndonesiaSahril Buchori (a*), Nurfitriany Fakhri (b) a) Guidance and Counseling, Universitas Negeri Makassar Jalan A. P. Pettarani, Makassar 90222 Indonesia *buchori.bk[at]gmail.com b) Psychology, Universitas Negeri Makassar Jalan A. P. Pettarani, Makassar 90222 Indonesia Abstract Abstract: The purpose of this research is to see the culture of peace in Daarut Tauhiid High School Bandung, specifically: 1) safe and peaceful classroom climate exposed by students and teachers; 2) predisposition of students peace culture; And 3) teacher behavior as a peace educator. The research method used is narrative research. Participants in this study were students of class X Senior High School Daarut Tauhiid Bandung amounted to 30 students and 3 teachers. The results of the research show; 1) the general climate of the peace class is in the high; 2) predisposition of students peace culture is in high category; And 3) the behavior of teachers as a peace educator can be an example in improving the culture of peace in the classroom. Topic: Multicultural and Peace Education 223 The Culture in the Intercultural Language and Literature LearningIndayani Universitas PRGI Adi Buana Surabaya Abstract This study aims to study culture in intercultural language and literature learning. Multicultural education aims to train and build the character of students to be able to be democratic, humanist, and pluralist. In the process of teaching and learning, elements in the learning process plays an important role. The results of this study indicate that culture in intercultural language and literature learning involves conditioning the learning situation, the role of the learner, the role of learners, the classroom management and intercultural classroom creation, and the use of media viewed from the physical, cultural, and social conditions. Conditioning of the learning situation is done to change the behavior of the learners. The task of teachers to humanize humanity by teaching language and literature in a cultural context. Learners must develop cultural diversity in learning to form an imaginative and productive personality. Intercultural classroom situations are developed through varied repetitions to form good skills. Effective use of media can lead learners better in absorbing learning materials. Teachers must understand the learning process undertaken by the students so that teachers have readiness in pentransformasian science, provide guidance, and create a learning environment appropriate, harmonious, and exciting for learners. Topic: Multicultural and Peace Education 224 STIGMA, DISCRIMINATION UPON PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISORDERS (ODGJ) AND MENTAL HEALTH LITERACY IN INDONESIARika Damayanti, Ahmad Hufad, Mustofa Kamil Student of Universitas Pendidikahttp://www.hostmath.com/n Indonesia Abstract There has been an increase in the mentally retarded people number in Indonesia. The high rate of stigma and discrimination upon them is apparently one of the influential causes of the problem. The lack of honesty and openness of the family to admit the family member’s mental problem and to seek proper treatment on it still occurs. Some may assume their mentally retarded family are suffering caused by genie disturbance or black magical practices and that cause them treated inhumanly, like being locked on their legs between two pieces of wood, got their legs chained or being isolated. Thus, there should be promotive and curative efforts to prevent the increase and curative and rehabilitative efforts to fasten the healing process. This research is aimed at analyzing mental health literacy program – one of the promotive programs in preventing stigma and discrimination regarding the mental health problem. The research method employed was literature review of the issue from various countries. The findings reveal that the mental health literacy program in the form of courses or trainings is very helpful to make the society aware of the issue and allow people with mental disorder may get immediate professional treatment and immediately cured. Topic: Non-Formal and Continuing Education 225 The Character Profile of a Learner Teacher: An Integrative Review and Conceptual FrameworkDharma Kesuma, Babang Robandi, Teguh Ibrahim, Arie Rakhmat Riyadi UPI Abstract This paper aims to analyze and explicitly explain the concept of “learner teacher character” which supported by several recent studies and research. The research method used is the concept analyzation with generic analyzation design (McMillan & Schumacher, 2011) or the integrative review (Whittermore and Knafl, 2005). The results of this research concluded that the profile of learner teacher character possess some indicators, first, epistemic curiosity; second, the desire to enhance life qualities or utopic awareness; third, learning ability in which contains critical awareness and metacognitive ability; fourth; independency or the autonomy of learning in which shown with contribution towards other. This research possess some significance for the development of learner character education in which it is the flagship program of PGSD UPI. Moreover, this research will provide theoretical contribution of the learner teacher character profile explicitly so that it may inflict for the enhancement of the program quality of learner competence enhancement for teachers in Indonesia. Topic: Pre and inservice teacher training model in the 21st century 226 IMPROVING PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE THROUGH TEACHER REFLECTION ON ACTIONAsep Sudarsyah Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Posisi studi ini merupakan pengembangan profesi guru dalam rangka merespons masalah kebutuhan pengembangan diri terkait dengan penguasaan pengetahuan praktik (pratical knowlegde) profesi guru. Pengembangan profesi guru pada umumnya bersifat short-term training programs dan terlepas dari kebutuhan sehingga kinerja guru dikelas cenderung tidak berubah, business asusual. Karena itu diperlukan suatu strategi untuk meningkatkan kemampuan belajar guru melalui pekerjaannya (learning at work) secara kolaboratif. Strategi ini dioprasional kedalam kegiatan pemecahan masalah proses belajar mengajar atau disebut problem-based reflection. Metoda penelitian adalah analisis wacana dialog beberapa orang guru dalam pemecahan masalah pembelajaran. Dialog dilaksanakan sebanyak 18 kali secara kolaboratif yang terdiri dari 3 orang guru dengan mata pelajaran yang sama, 1 orangan guru inti dan fasilitasi dari kepala sekolah. Proses refleksi dilaksanakan secara kolaboratif dimulai dengan menghadirkan pengalaman instruksional, mengevaluasi pengalaman instruksional, dan mengembangkan pengetahuan praktik baru dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran. Berdasarkan strategi tersebut maka ditemukan kemampuan guru dalam menemukan atau mengungkapkan masalah pembelajaran yang pernah dialaminya (pengalaman sebelumnya); menemukan faktor penyebab masalah diungkapkan baik oleh dirinya sendiri atau setelah menerimakan masukan dari guru lain; dan menetapkan upaya/solusi perbaikan pembelajaran yang akan dilaksanakan pada pembelajaran berikutnya. Topic: Pre and inservice teacher training model in the 21st century 227 EFFECTIVENESS IMPLEMENTATION OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL ON SCIENCE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT AND EMPOWERMENT CENTER (SEDEC) IN BANDUNGDima Noor Ziehad, Johar Permana, Dedy Achmad Kurniady Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This study aims to recognized the effectiveness of the implementation of performance appraisal on the Science Education Development and Empowerment Centre (SEDEC) in Bandung. This research uses descriptive self-report method through qualitative approach. Data collection techniques used were observation, interview, documentation study and triangulation. The findings of the study indicate that the objective of the implementation of performance appraisal has reached the set target, that is, has met the effective work appraisal indicators. Performance appraisal implemented in SEDEC meets work-related criteria, performance expectations, assessment standards, qualified appraisers, open communication, employee access to appraisal results and complaints submission process. However, in its implementation there are still some deficiencies mainly related to objectivity assessment. Topic: Pre and inservice teacher training model in the 21st century 228 PENINGKATAN EFEKTIVITAS KETERAMPILAN MEMBACA MAHASISWA DENGAN TEKNIK PORPE (PREDICT, ORGANIZE, REHEARSE, PRACTICE, EVALUATE) PADA MATA KULIAH PEDALAMAN MATERI BAHASA DAN SASTRA INDONESIA DI SDDwi Heryanto Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Departemen Pedagogik Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya minat dan keterampilan membaca mahasiswa calon guru SD yang rendah. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) dengan model Mc.Kernann mengenai penerapan teknik PORPE (Predict, Organize, Rehearse, Practice, Evaluate) dalam meningkatkan keterampilan membaca mahasiswa pada mata kuliah Pendalaman Materi Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia. Penelitian dilakukan pada mahasiswa semester VI di PGSD FIP UPI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya perkembangan pada proses dan hasil penelitian, dengan ditunjukan oleh perkembangan hasil reflesi pembelajaran, kemudian hasil rerata membaca pemahaman yang meningkat dari 79 menjadi 87,2. Sehingga berdasarkan hal tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa teknik PORPE dapat meningkatkan keterampilan membaca mahasiswa. Topic: Primary Education 229 PRIMARY SCHOOL PRE-SERVICE TEACHER’S PERSPECTIVES ON CULTURAL NEEDS IN DEVELOPING CULTURE-BASED MATHEMATICS’ LEARNING MATERIALSRahayu Condro Murti and Marsigit Yogyakarta State University Abstract An integrated concept of culture should be understood by students of primary mathematics teaching education program before they implement culture-based learning in primary schools. This study aims to recognize and analyze students’ perspectives on the concept of culture. Both of recognition and analysis are done in order to determine students’ needs in the framework of developing culture-based teaching materials in the Department of Primary Teacher Education (PGSD). This study adopts an integrated concept of culture that contains three aspects, namely values, contexts and artifacts. Data were obtained from 278 PGSD students (respondents) who have passed the course of primary mathematics education. Date were obtained through two instruments, questionnaire and lessons’ implementation plans (RPP). Data then analyzed in quantitative (for questionnaire) and qualitative (Critical Discourse Analysis for the RPPs) modes. Opinions of students were positive in general towards the need for culture-based teaching materials, where they realize that culture is a part of real life that mathematics tries to solve its problems. Very few of the students still believe in separation between culture and mathematics. Results also show that students rarely experience culture-based learning and rarely get involved in cultural activity during their course. Topic: Primary Education 230 Evaluation Processes for Educational Quality and Sustainability: Sharing Experiences from the Faculty of Communication Sciences, Pancasila UniversityAHMAD BADARI BURHAN Universitas Pancasila Abstract This study appreciates the importance of evaluation processes as feedbacks to continuously improve the performance of the education system, particularly with regard to improving the capability of the learning processes. The capabilities of the educational processes in generating output through interaction processes (e.g. between students, lecturers, and learning environments) and the feedback processes need to be well identified and measured, as well as properly managed. In a system perspective, an educational system requires feedback in order to survive. The quality management approach also suggests evaluation processes to assess whether the planning and implementation of the activities or programs have taken place as expected. For this reason, this study was reported to share experiences from the evaluation processes performed by the SJM (Quality Assurance Unit) of the Faculty of Communication Sciences, Pancasila University, Jakarta for two activities: the evaluation of lecturers’ teaching performance by students and the assessment of undergraduate students’ theses quality. Based on participative observation, discussions and interviews with the representative faculty members, and descriptive quantitative data, this study found that continuously communicated and discussed evaluation processes have provided significant benefits, e.g., improving motivations, capacities, and capabilities of the faculty members, and at the other side as feedbacks for the faculty leaders to continuously improve the quality of learning processes as well. In fact, both evaluation processes have been designed to provide interactions, discussions, and sharing experiences which at the end foster commitment and respect. Those should be the most important aspects for educational quality and sustainability. Topic: Quality assurance for learning program 231 SERVANT LEADERSHIP: TEACHERS LEADERSHIP MODEL IN THE CLASSROOMDr. Asep Suryana, M.Pd., Bumi Hadirahmadiani, S.Pd. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Teacher is a leader in the classroom, teacher as a leader responsible for making pleasant environment in the class. The Pleasant environment can be built through leadership ability. Teacher leadership ability in the classroom can be showed through the skill of motivating, directing, encouraging, and making a good relationship with students. Servant Leadership is a leadership style which accommodates by the teacher to reach effective and efficiency in teaching and learning activity. Teacher as a servant-leader is expected to be a good listener, have empathy, eliminating the communication boundary, raise student’s self-awareness, effective in persuasion, and can build commitment in the classroom. As the result, the research found that empathy, flexibility, maturity, good-listener, and ability to make student conform to class commitment are a very important component for the teacher to create a pleasant environment in the classroom. Topic: Quality assurance for learning program 232 QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM OF LEARNING IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLDr. Endang Herawan, M.Pd UPI Abstract This study aims to verify, describe and interpret data about the quality control of learning SMKN. The research used descriptive method with qualitative approach, Data collection is done through interview, observation and documentation study. The results of the research showed that the quality control system is comprehensively conducted, ranging from: 1) quality control in the preparation of learning program, such as in making learning program, preparation of teaching, making teaching materials, evaluation planning, 2) quality control of learning implementation including: the implementation of teaching, evaluation of learning outcomes, and 3) follow-up quality control. To consider that vocational education is implemented by double system form, which is implemented in schools and also practical work in business and industry, the quality control of learning in vocational school is not only conducted by the principal, school supervisor through academic supervision activities, it is also involving external society, such as business and industry (DUDI) and professional associations, especially in the preparation of learning programs, the formulation of competencies that must be owned by students, in the implementation of learning programs and assessment or examination of competence, especially related to the productive field.Implication this is conducted so that the learning programs and student competencies developed in schools in accordance with the demands and needs of the world of work. Topic: Quality assurance for learning program 233 PENGARUH JUMLAH PILIHAN JAWABAN BENTUK TES PILIHAN GANDA TERHADAP FUNGSI INFOMASI BUTIR PADA TES IPA DISUSUN DENGAN ITEM RESPONSE THEORY MODEL LOGISTIK TIGA PARAMETERBudi Susetyo Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh jumlah pilihan jawaban pada tes pilihan ganda dengan tiga pilihan jawaban dan empat pilihan jawaban terhadap fungsi informasi butir pada tes yang disusun berdasarkan Item Response Theory (IRT) model logistik tiga parameter (L3P). Tes disusun berdasarkan IRT tidak memiliki ketergantungan dengan kemampuan kelompok peserta tes seperti pada tes yang disusun dengan Clasical Test Theory (CTT). Model L3P terdiri parameter kemampuan dan parameter butir. Parameter butir terdiri tingkat kesukaran, daya beda, dan tebakan. Tes dikembangkan pada mata pelajaran IPA jenjang pendidikan SMP. Penelitian ini terdiri dari dua tahap, yaitu penyusunan tes sesuai dengan IRT model L3P dan menguji keefektifan fungsi informasi butir pada jumlah pilihan jawaban tiga dan empat. Penyusunan tes dilakukan dengan ujicoba ke lapangan beberapa kali sampai memenui ketentuan yang berlaku pada IRT model L3P. Sampel penelitian menggunakan butir tes sebanyak 42 pada mata pelajaran IPA dengan responden sebanyak 625 siswa SMP. Hasil penelitian tidak menunjukkan pengaruh atau perbedaan terhadap nilai fungsi informasi butir antara tiga pilihan jawaban dengan empat pilihan jawaban. Implikasi bagi para pendidik adalah tidak perlu mempermasalahkan jumlah pilihan jawaban pada tes bentuk pilihan ganda yang disusun berdasarkan IRT model L3P yang memiliki tingkat kesukaran, daya beda, dan faktor tebakan, karena hasilnya sama. Topic: Quality assurance for learning program 234 COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE BASED DECISION MAKING MODEL AS A GLOBAL MARKET CCOMPETITIVE STRATEGY (MEA 2015) IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONSEka. Prihatin, Nani Hartini Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract AEC 2015 generates borderless world paradigm -the world without time, place and territorial boundaries. A situation which creates high competitive conditions both at national and international level. Such condition places the accuracy and speed in decision-making as fundamental factors for institutions to show their competitive strategy in securing place on the international competition board. This multi-year study that was done in 2015-2016, set its first year to see how great the influence of decision making process on customers’ satisfaction. This phase involved a number of respondents’ categories from UPI’s Faculty of Educational Sciences: chairman and secretary of department, lecturers as well as registered students. The outcome of this phase was intermediate level of satisfaction that further required a decision making model which could facilitate a room for a winning strategy in developing perfect level of satisfaction. Competitive intelligence-based decision making model processes this kind of information as the most valuable source through data analysis, so the recomended data could be the ultimate weapon for decision making. And this strategy differentiates one institution to another. Topic: Quality assurance for learning program 235 The Internal Quality Assurance System: An ImplementationA.N.Hidayat, E.Mulyasa, S. Sauri & V.L.Ayundhari Universitas Islam Nusantara Bandung Abstract The purpose of this study is to get an image of how Internal Quality Assurance System (IQAS) implementation works in the level of graduate study program. This research used the case study method by a means of interview, observation, and documentation. The research subjects were the head, the secretary, lecturers and students. The results show that the internal quality assurance system contributed positively to the improvement of graduates quality. It was evidenced by teaching , research, and community services implementation standardized through the establishment it of quality assurance institution, but still limited to focus on the academic field. The constraints faced are (1) leadership commitment to quality instruments is relatively less, (2) the number of auditors is still limited, and (3) internal quality assurance system activities are often stuck in routine activities. Implementation evaluation on internal quality assurance system is conducted annually by requesting input from auditors, postgraduate, and university leaders. Topic: Quality Assurance/Standards and Accreditation 236 TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAM EVALUATION OF PNT BAUXITE IN THE WEST KALIMANTAN IN 2016Rangga Ramadhoany Al UPI Abstract The background of this research is based on the importance of the role of external evaluation in providing data transparency and information related to the effectiveness of training and education that exist in the government institution agencies in serving the needs of competent human resource development (HRD) in realizing either the organization and national objectives in general. As we know that training and education program is a routine activity held at the MINERBA (Training Center of Mining) as the place to increase the quality of HRD in order to have a competency in carrying out its duties and obligations. One of the training and education program offered is a PNT Bauxite training and education program. The purpose of the training program was intentionally given to civil servants or non-civil servants in order to increase the added value of existing Bauxite in West Kalimantan areas. This study used a quantitative and a descriptive evaluative approach as the research methodologies to describe all the data and information related to the facts that occurred in the research field. The result of this research which is related to the effectiveness of the implementation of the PNT Bauxite program showed that in the aspect of overall reaction from participants is classified into a "good" category, with the total score acquisition for about 2290 or 69.39%, and for the Chi-square score from each component is X2o = 16,54 ≥ X2 table = 15,507, which means that a significant different reaction was given by the participants regarding to the training material, the instructors and the training facilities. Moreover, the learning aspect which is analyzed by using Wilcoxon signed rank test in testing the comparison between pre-test and post-test score showed that there was a significant differences in learning outcomes, the Z score is for about -3415 with a p value or Asymp. the Sig. is for about 0.00 which is less than the critical limit research 0.05 (0.001 <0.05) and the mean rank is equal to 8, with the score of x ̅ gain increased by 0:42. In relation to the potential changes measurement in behavior, the result of data analysis showed that based on the percentage of respondents’ belief which is shown by the overall respondents’ answer which had been being converted to the average percentage reached a figure for about 74.0%. This result is included to the continuum line interval, the percentage score can be interpreted that it include in the “high” category, which means that the potential changes in behavior is believed to be positive by the participants Topic: Recognition of prior learning in formal education, informal education and nonformal education 237 KEMITRAAN KELUARGA, SEKOLAH, DAN MASYARAKAT DALAM MEMBANGUN KARAKTER BANGSAElih Sudiapermana, Yanti Shantini, Dede Nurul Qomariah PLS UPI Abstract Kemitraan antara keluarga, sekolah, dan masyarakat dalam membangun karakter bangsa belum menjadi salah satu strategi dalam membangun karakter bangsa Indonesia pada saat ini. Penelitian yang telah dilakukan di Amerika, Kanada, Australia, Inggris yang berkaitan dengan hal tersebut melaporkan bahwa kemitraan yang terjalin antara keluarga, sekolah, dan masyarakat menjadi salah satu bagian dari kemajuan prestasi anak, baik secara akademis maupun secara moralitas. Dengan adanya kemitraan yang kuat antara berbagai pihak dipercaya dapat meningkatkan prestasi akademis anak karena moralitas yang dibangun di keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat memiliki peran masing – masing. Keluarga sebagai peletak dasar karakter anak, sekolah sebagai pendorong atau pendukung karakter anak, dan masyarakat sebagai lahan implementasi karakter anak. Sehingga jelaslah bahwa kemitraan yang terjalin antara keluarga, sekolah, dan masyarakat tidak hanya memberikan manfaat pada anak sebagai peserta didik, namun lebih jauh dari itu kemitraan ini dapat membangun karakter bangsa yang bermartabat. Topic: Recognition of prior learning in formal education, informal education and nonformal education 238 LOCAL WISDOM-BASED SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURIAL PARTICIPATIVE TRAININGDayat Hidayat Nonformal Education Department Faculty of Teachers Training and Education University of Singaperbangsa Karawang Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the planning, implementation and evaluation of local wisdom-based social entrepreneurial participative training in community economic empowerment which stems from the cultural values and local wisdom of society. This study used literature analysis method by doing a comparative study of various sources and conducted in-depth analysis to find a conclusion that can be justified scientifically. The results of the study concluded that the training plan of local wisdom-based social entrepreneurial participative training was carried out through the following stages: the recruitment of trainees; the identification of learning needs; learning resources and possible obstacles; determination and formulation of training objectives; drafting initial and final evaluation tools; constituent sequence training activities; the training of trainers; and the implementation of the initial assessment for participants. During the implementation phase, the organizers created the open, intimate, and targeted training situation. Interaction training runs horizontally (parallel communication). Training approach was centered on training participants. Training methods and techniques were used individually, with tutorial technique, individual counseling, individual learning, and internships. Methods in groups were used with technical discussions, simulations, group work, problem solving, and role playing. Methods in bulk were by the technique of social contact, social coercion, demonstrations, acts of participation and so forth. Assessment of training was conducted through the stages of the assessment process of the final results, an assessment of the effects of the training that includes three aspects which are interrelated, and evaluation of training programs to assess the entire training from beginning to end, as input for the development of further training which stems from the cultural values and local wisdom of society. Topic: Recognition of prior learning in formal education, informal education and nonformal education 239 Tre Understanding of Friday Prayers Congregations (Listeners) to The Friday Sermon DiscourceFahruroji, Moh. Rahmat, Muhammad Shodiq Arabic Language Education, Univeritas Islam Nusantara, Bandung, Indonesia Abstract Abstract Linguists have not given much attention yet to the discussion of discourse, whereas it is a sentence cluster that has communicative information. The linguist who first suggested the study of discourse was Firth. Firth stated that the context of situation should be investigated because the language study and language function was in the context. Language study cannot be done if it only depends on linear arrangement. Language study includes grammar and meaning that supported by context in the communication process. Communication process will success if it adequate to the universal pragmatics, i.e. cognitive comprehension, the truth of statement, the integrity between speaker and listener, and compatibility with speakers’ normative bases. The method used in this research is descriptive method. The source of data is khatibs in Bandung city and its surrounding area and Friday prayers congregations who listen their khutbahs. The purpose of this research is to give the description of Friday prayers congregations’ understanding to the khutbahs. The results show that the majority of the mustamic states that the preacher or the khotib delivered his sermon in a formal situation, the khotib conveying the topic or theme of his khutbah and in accordance with the context discussed. Khotib also prepared the text of the sermon to be delivered. The time khotib used to convey their khutbah in accordance with the expectations of the mustamik and most mustamics say that they understand the sermon that preached very well. Topic: Recognition of prior learning in formal education, informal education and nonformal education 240 Implementation of Mother Language In Early ChildhoodCarmi Sriwidaningsih UPI Abstract Anak bukan lagi keretas putih yang bisa kita coret sesuai dengan keinginan kita, karena anak membawa sifat unik dari sejak dia dilahirkan oleh Ibunya. Ibu adalah seseorang yang melahirkan anak bukan hanya secara biologis melainkan menanamkan pendidikan yang paling awal bagi anak. Sabda Nabi Muhammad Shallallahu’Alaihi Wasallam “Al-Ummu Madrasah” Ibu adalah tempat belajar, apabila para Ibu tumbuh dalam ketidaktahuan maka anak-anak akan menyusu kebodohan dan keterbelakangan. Dari Ibu seorang anak belajar kasih sayang, cinta, ketulusan, kesabaran, dan belajar tentang kehidupan. Ibu bukan hanya seseorang yang memiliki hubungan keluarga namun ibu bisa berada di lingkungan pendidikan dan lingkungan masyarakat. Menurut Septriana Murdina (2011) Bahasa Ibu adalah bahasa cinta. Sedangkan Bahasa menurut Gorys Keraf (1997) bahasa ialah alat komunikasi antar anggota masyarakat berupa simbol bunyi yang dihasilkan oleh alat ucap manusia. Bila dihubungkan dengan bahasa Ibu bisa dikatakan bahwa bahasa Ibu merupakan alat komunikasi dengan anak terutama anak usia dini untuk membangun pola komunikasi yang baik dengan anak. Kata Kunci : Bahasa Ibu, Anak Usia Dini Abstract Implementation of Mother Language In Early Childhood The childen are not the blank paper that can be scratched by the parent’s desired arbitrarily, because the children brought the unique character since they have been born by a mother. Mother is someone who doesnt’s only gave a birth biologically but she is the first educator for her children. Muhammad sallallaahuAlaihi Wasallam says “Al-Ummu Madrasah”, it is mean a mother is a place for learnig everything, if the mother grow ignorantly so that the childen will be suckled by foolishness and backwordness. A child will be learnt from the mother about love, sincerity, patience, and a life. Mother is not only someone who has family relationship but a mother can be related with education and environment. According to Septriana Murdiana (2011) mother’s language is expression of love. Whreas the language according to Gorys Keraf (1997) language is communicatior for the people such as sound syimbol that produced by human organ. If it related by mother’s language.it can be said that mother’s language is communication tool with the children, especialty early age children to achieve a good communication with children. Topic: Recognition of prior learning in formal education, informal education and nonformal education 241 To what extent are South Korean women able to make empowered choices concerning their higher education attainment and life after schooling?Teri Ham UCL-Institute of Education Abstract South Korea faces a rising issue when it comes to its their under-developed female labor force, but this is not due to a lack of supply of educated women. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, 2009) reported in 2009 that 54.7 percent of students enrolled in post-secondary non-tertiary education were female. Despite favorable enrolment numbers, only "52.7 percent of working-aged Korean women…[participated] in the workforce" and the rate for women seeking employment, among those who are unemployed, was only 3.2 percent in 2016 (Draudt, 2016). Due to South Korea’s low fertility rates and shrinking population, the country is on track to experience a severe shortage in its labor force, which will only be amplified if women continue to opt out of the workforce (Chang, 2003; Brender and Jeong, 2006). For these timely and relevant socio-economic reasons, this paper will explore whether highly educated Korean women feel that they can make empowered choices when it comes to their life choices after obtaining university degrees, and will apply the empowerment framework—as interpreted by Alsop and Heinsohn (2005), as an analytical lens used to guide the discourse. Topic: Recognition of prior learning in formal education, informal education and nonformal education 242 GENERATING FLAIR AMONG L.I.S. STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY ON LM105 IN-CLASS SESSIONSDoddy Rusmono, Euis Rosinar Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Library and Information Science (LIS) students as Students of Non-English Department (SNED)needs betterments in terms of approach from their facilitators (lecturers, that is). The approach should bring with it an atmosphere of enlightenment of which form should be inspiring, triggering, and entertaining in some way. As English Language Learners (ELLs)majoring in LIS, they would find it rather discouraging to learn English since they might not see the importance of studying other than their major.The aim of the present study is to generate flair of this kind of ELLs through FIESTA (Fun and interesting, Interactive, Explorative, Systematic, Technology savvy, Autonomous)and PAIKEM (Partisipatif, Aktif, Inovatif, Kreatif, Efektif, Menyenangkan or, Participative, Active, Innovative, Creative, Effective,Interesting modes of approach. An approach using a qualitative method of research with interview and observation as instruments results in facts that the right way of approaching the ELLs results in significantly positive impact. It is indicated that any facilitator’s efforts towards betterments in terms of mainly speaking and, writing using acceptable English makes room for a possibility. Topic: Recognition of prior learning in formal education, informal education and nonformal education 243 A Preliminary Investigation into Critical Thinking Skill Profile of Senior High School Students in Learning BiologyArnita Cahya Saputri (a*), Sajidan (b), Yudi Rinanto (c) a. Science Education Master Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University *arnitacahyasaputri26[at]gmail.com b. Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University c. Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University Abstract Critical thinking is important and necessary skill to face 21st century challenges. Critical thinking skill accommodate activities that emphazise higher order thinking skills (HOTs). This investigation is aimed to determine the students’ critical thinking skill in learning biology at senior high school. This research used descriptive method in which instruments were developed based in indicators of core critical thinking skills by Facione such as interpretation, analysis, evaluation, explanation, and self-regulation. The population of this research was 297 students of twelfth grade in a senior high school at Surakarta which was chosen using purposive sampling. The result of this research shows that profiles of students critical thinking skills give different results on each measured indicator. The conclusion of this preliminary investigation is that there is a need to have further action to enhance students critical thinking skills on several indicators. Topic: Skills for 21st century (roles and objectives of education) 244 SOFTSKILLS ANALYSIS IN THE CONTENT OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULUM OF SOCIAL SCIENCES IN FACING 21ST CENTURY CHALLENGESubkhan Rojuli Center for Research and Development of Educators and Education Personnel Education Citizenship and Social Sciences, Ministry of Education and Culture, Arhanud Street, Batu City, East Java subkhan_rojuli[at]yahoo.com Abstract It is a kind of qualitative research that use literature study by internet browsing and book references to make easy and support the discussion and literature. The researcher did the analysis to the document data content that deal with softskills in Junior High School curriculum of Social Sciences, then identify and do the interpretation. The content of Junior High School curriculum of Social Sciences identify the histories, fact, concept and generalization of social issue consists of Geography, History, Sociology, and Economy. Through the Social Science subject, the students directed to be democratic citizen, responsible, and world society that love the peace. The material discussion consist of softskills aspect, communication skill and problem-solving skill that showed by main competency and basic competency. The content of Junior High School curriculum of Social Sciences had the change to have meaningful active learning experience, gives chance to the students to do the integration and implementate the knowledge into the real world. The research result can give input into learning dvelopment that not only oriented to the improvement of knowlegde but also had the softskills especially in problem-solving and communication. It is necessary to have the structure setting of Junior High School curriculum of Social Sciences that has time allocation based the curriculum requirement, further the challenge of social skill and and knowledge needs in 21st century. Topic: Skills for 21st century (roles and objectives of education) 245 PHYSICOLOGICAL WELL-BEING PADA IBU TUNGGAL YANG MEMILIKI ANAK TUNAGRAHITAEen Ratnengsih Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Perempuan merupakan populasi yang paling banyak di dunia. Layanan pendidikan bagi anak salah satunya karena adanya kontribusi peran perempuan sebagai seorang ibu. Sebagaian dari perempuan berstatus sebagai seorang ibu tunggal. Hasil Survey Pemberdayaan Perempuan Kepala Keluarga (PEKA) tahun 2014 menunjukan 24% ibu tunggal menjadi kepala keluarga. Beban sorang ibu tunggal semakin bertambah ketika memiliki anak dengan hambatan kecerdasan atau tunagrahita. Layanan pendidikan ataupun pola asuh yang dilakukan pada anak tunagrahita memiliki tantangan yang lebih. Oleh karenanya mereka sangat rentan terhadap bermasalahnya kesejahteraan pada aspek psikologis (Physicological Well-Being). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dimensi-dimensi Physicological Well-Being pada ibu tunggal yang memiliki anak tunagrahita. Melalui teknik pruposive sampling , penelitian ini dilakukan kepada dua orang ibu tunggal yang memiliki anak tunagrahita. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara. Analisis data peneilitan menggunakan analisis tematik. Hasil penelitian menggambarkan bahwa dimensi-dimensi Physicological Well-Being pada kedua kasus memiliki beberapa perbedaan. Setiap dimensi dari kedua kasus tersebut memberikan dampak positif dan negatif pada pola pengasuhan terhadap anak mereka. Implikasinya memperbaiki Physicological Well-Being menjadi rekomendasi yang tepat untuk pola pengasuhan yang benar. Topic: Special Needs Education 246 Pemahaman dan kemampuan orang tua dalam pelepasan ketegangan anak cerebral palsy spastikRiksma Akhlan , Sunaryo Kartadinata, Zaenal Alimin Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Ketegangan otot pada anak cerebral palsy spastik menjadi sumber terhambatnya aktivitas motorik fungsional. Penelitian ini menggambarkan bagaimana hubungan pemahamanan orang tua yang memiliki anak cerebral palsy terhadap kemampuan pelepasan ketegangan dan spastisitas yang berkaitan dengan gerakan fungsional anak. Teknik pengambilan data melalui wawancara dan observasi untuk mengetahui pamahaman dan kemampuan. Penelitian dilakukan pada 9 orang tua yang memiliki cerebral palsy di sekolah SLB Mustang. Data pemahaman dilakukan pada orang tua dilakukan secara wawancara. Kemampuan diukur dengan melakukan obseravsi pada kondisi real anak dan menilai perlakuan apa yang dilakukan oleh orang tuanya tersebut secara langsung sehingga memberikan gerakan fungsional. Kesimpulan penelitian ini tidak terdapat korelasi signifikan pada pemahaman dengan kemampuan orang tua pada pelepasan ketegangan anak cerebral palsy. Hal ini terjadi dilihat dari faktor dukungan yang mempengaruhi pada kemampuan yang dimiliki oleh setiap orang tua berbeda dan adanya fenomena ketidakpercayaan diri dalam melakukan perlakukan. Penelitian lebih lanjut perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh pada kemampuan orang tua Topic: Special Needs Education 247 Inovasi Teknologi Asistif: Alat Mobilitas Sepeda Bagi TunadaksaEndang Rochyadi, Een Ratnengsih, Ranti Novianti Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Secara umum, orang dengan hambatan mobilitas khususnya yang kaki / tangannya tidak berfungsi seringkali mengalami kesulitan ketika ingin berpergian jarak jauh. Alat transportasi yang ada kadang membuat mereka kesulitan dalam menggunakannya karena desainnya tidak sesuai dengan kondisi mereka. Secara tidak langsung hal tersebut membuat mereka menjadi kurang begitu produktif dalam hidup karena selalu tergantung pada bantuan orang lain. Adapun pengertian transportasi secara umum adalah perpindahan dari suatu tempat ke tempat lain dengan menggunakan alat pengangkutan, baik yang digerakkan oleh tenaga manusia, hewan, atau mesin. Perkembangan teknologi di bidang transportasi menuntut adanya perkembangan teknologi prasarana transportasi. Tidak hanya bagi pengguna transportasi secara umum, tapi juga bagi mereka yang berkebutuhan khusus. Invensi / inovasi yang dilakukan ini diharapkan dapat menjadi solusi untuk permasalahan yang dialami oleh para penyandang disabilitas, khususnya amputee (sejak lahir tidak memiliki kaki / tangan), amputasi (kaki / tangan yang dihilangkan secara sengaja karena suatu penyakit atau kecelakaan), kelayuhan pada kaki / tangan (otot kaki yang lemas dikarenakan virus dan kelainan tertentu), serta cerebral palsy spastik (kekakuan pada kaki / tangan) yang mereka mengalami ketidakberfungsian kaki atau tangan sehingga dalam aktivitasnya mengalami hambatan / kesulitan mobilitas khususnya jarak menengah dan jauh. Diharapkan pula invensi/inovasi ini dapat menjadi fasilitas transportasi yang aman, murah, ramah lingkungan, dan dapat memberi kemudahan bagi para penyandang disabilitas tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitin pengembangan yang bertujun mengembangkan inovasi teknologi asistif: Alat mobilitas sepeda bagi tunadaksa. Sepeda yang dirancang sangat berbeda dengan sepeda yang ada pada umumnya, karena sepeda ini didisain khusus bagi orang disabilitas, khususnya yang memiliki ketidakberfungsian pada kaki / tangan. Sepeda ini menggunakan alat kayuh di bagian tangan sehingga penyandang disabilitas yang kakinya tidak berfungsi dapat menggunakan tangan sebagai peganti fungsi kaki dan kayuhan tersebut dapat ditarik menjauh ke arah kaki sehingga dapat digunakan oleh orang yang tidak memiliki tangan dan dikayuh oleh kaki serta dikendalikan oleh sandaran tempat duduk. Keunggulan sepeda ini dibandingkan alat transportasi lain yang sudah ada bagi penyandang disabilitas adalah lebih ramah lingkungan, harga terjangkau, lebih ekonomis karena tidak menggunakan bahan bakar, dan masih banyak keunggulan lain . Selain itu, aspek ergonomis pada sepeda ini terletak pada desain bentuk sepeda yang disesuaikan dengan kondisi fisik pengguna sehingga dapat menggunakan sepeda ini dengan nyaman dan aman. Sistem manual dalam penggunaan sepeda ini sangat baik dalam fungsi terapeutik. Topic: Special Needs Education 248 PENINGKATAN KOORDINASI MATA DAN TANGAN MELALUI KETERAMPILAN KIRIGAMI PADA SISWA CEREBRAL PALSY SPASTIK DI SLB D YPAC BANDUNGNia Sutisna, Tressa Thursina Malika Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan UniversitasPendidikan Indonesia Abstract Manusia membutuhkan kemampuan motorik untuk melakukan aktivitasnya sehari-hari, baik itu kemampuan motorik halus maupun motorik kasar. Selain itu, dibutuhkan juga koordinasi anggota tubuh agar dapat melakukan aktivititas sehari-hari. Tanpa koordinasi, seseorang tidak dapat melakukan gerak secara maksimal. Begitu pula yang terjadi pada anak dengan cerebral palsy, salah satu hambatan yang dialaminya adalah dalam aspek koordinasi mata dan tangan. Cerebral palsy merupakan suatu kelainan pada gerak tubuh yang ada hubungannya dengan kerusakan otak yang menetap. Akibatnya otak tidak berkembang, tetapi bukan suatu penyakit yang progresif. Untuk menangani hambatan dalam koordinasi mata dan tangan, pada penelitian ini diberikan intervensi melalui keterampilan kirigami. Kirigami merupakan suatu keterampilan yang berasal dari Jepang, yaitu seni menggunting kertas. Pertama, kertas dilipat terlebih dahulu, kemudian diberi pola sesuai dengan yang diinginkan, lalu guntinglah pola yang telah dibuat tersebut. Langkah terakhir, bukalah kembali secara perlahan lipatan kertas yang telah digunting itu sehingga menghasilkan suatu bentuk yang baru. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada siswa cerebral palsy spastik di SLB D YPAC Bandung yang berinisial S.B. Metode penelitian yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah penelitian dengan subjek tunggal atau yang biasa disebut dengan SSR (Single Subject Research). Penelitian ini dibagi menjadi tiga fase, yaitu fase baseline 1 (A1), fase intervensi (B) dan fase baseline 2. Target behavior yang diukur mencakup tiga aspek, yaitu melipat kertas, menebalkan pola dan menggunting pola. Setelah diberikan intervensi, hasil yang diperoleh S.B. dalam ketiga aspek ini secara umum terjadi peningkatan. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari mean level pada setiap aspek dan pada setiap fasenya mengalami peningkatan beberapa persen. Namun pada aspek-aspek tertentu seperti menggunting pola garis lengkung dan lingkaran, tidak terjadi peningkatan sama sekali. Berdasarkan perolehan data yang telah dianalisis, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa kemampuan koordinasi mata dan tangan secara umum terjadi peningkatan setelah diberikan intervensi melalui keterampilan kirigami. Topic: Special Needs Education 249 PENGEMBANGAN PROGRAM VOKASIONAL TATA BOGA DI SMALB-B CICENDO KOTA BANDUNG YANG RELEVAN DENGAN KEBUTUHAN DUNIA KERJASri Rizqi Widasari, Permanarian Somad, Tjutju Soendari Pendidikan Kebutuhan Khusus, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Setiap individu memiliki kesempatan yang sama untuk memperoleh pekerjaan termasuk penyandang tunarungu atau penyandang disabilitas lainnya. Individu yang dapat bersaing dan bertahan di dalam dunia kerja adalah seseorang yang memiliki komptensi serta sikap kerja yang selaras dengan kebutuhan pasar kerja. Berdasarkan studi pendahuluan banyak ditemukan kasus penyandang tunarungu yang tidak dapat bertahan di dunia kerja dikarenakan adanya kesenjangan antara kompetensi yang dimiliki lulusan SMALB dengan kebutuhan dunia kerja sehingga diperlukan penyelarasan antara kompetensi yang diajarkan di sekolah dengan kebutuhan dunia kerja sebagai pengguna lulusan. Dalam mengatasi permasalahan tersebut maka penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengambangkan program vokasional tata boga bagi peserta didik tunarungu di SMALB-B Cicendo Kota Bandung yang relevan dengan kebutuhan dunia kerja bidang jasa boga dan kuliner.Penelitian ini menggunakan menggunakan metode Research and Development (R&D) yang dilakukan dengan tiga tahap. Tahap pertama bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi kondisi faktual tentang program vokasional tata boga di SMALB-B Cicendo Kota Bandung dan kebutuhan dunia kerja bidang jasa boga dan kuliner di Kota Bandung. Tahap kedua, merumuskan program vokasional tata boga berdasarkan kompetensi yang dibutuhkan dunia kerja. Selanjutnya tahap ketiga menguji program vokasional tat boga berbasis kompetensi dunia kerja pada peserta didik kelas X SMALB-B Cicendo Kota Bandung. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat 25 kompetensi berupa hardskills dan softskills yang dikembangkan dalam kegiatan pembelajaran tata boga pada aspek budaya, estetika, teknologi, produk, pelayanan, manajemen, dan kreativitas. Program vokasional tata boga berbasis kompetensi dunia kerja ini mampu meningkatkan kemampuan peserta didik tunarungu di SMALB-B Cicendo Kota Bandung dan memenuhi kebutuhan kompetensi dunia kerja di Kota Bandung di bidang jasa boga dan kuliner serta produk yang dihasilkan mampu memenuhi kebutuhan pasar. Topic: Special Needs Education 250 RELEVANSI PROGRAM VOKASIONAL TATA BOGA DI SMALB-B CICENDO KOTA BANDUNG DENGAN KEBUTUHAN DUNIA KERJAPermanarian Somad, Sunardi, Sri Rizqi Widasari Pendidikan Kebutuhan Khusus, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Untuk mempersiapkan kemandirian peserta didik setalah lulus dari sekolah, pada jenjang SMALB setiap peserta didik diberikan program vokasional. Melalui keterampilan-keterampilan tersebut diharapkan peserta didik tunarungu lulusan SMALB-B dapat bekerja atau membuka lapangan pekerjaan sendiri sebagai bekal hidup dan penghidupannya. Pada umumnya para lulusan SMALB-B kurang mendapat perhatian dari kalangan dunia usaha dan industri. Mereka tidak bekerja dan tidak membuka lapangan pekerjaan, tetapi kembali kepada keluarga dan menjadi “beban” keluarga atau memperpanjang masa pendidikannya di SLB pada program pendidikan pasca SMALB-B. Peluang kerja bagi penyandang tunarungu sangat terbuka baik pada sektor formal maupun informal. Perusahaan-perusahaan milik pemerintah atau swasta diharapkan memberikan kesempatan kepada penyandang tunarungu untuk menjadi karyawannya. Namun pada kenyataannya penyandang tunarungu sulit memasuki dan bertahan di dunia kerja. Hal ini diasumsikan ada ketidaksesuaian pendidikan keterampilan yang diterimanya dengan kebutuhan lapangan kerja yang pada akhirnya berujung pada kompetensi dan etos kerja yang kurang optimal. Maka sudah seharusnya ada upaya untuk mempersiapkan kemampuan tunarungu agar siap dalam memasuki dunia kerja. Upaya yang bisa dilakukan adalah dengan melakukan analisis kebutuhan dunia kerja bagi penyandang tunarungu. Serta melakukan analisis program vokasional yang diberikan kepada peserta didik tunarungu sebagai persiapan dalam memasuki dunia kerja. Sehingga akan terlihat relevansi antara program vokasional di sekolah dengan kebutuhan dunia kerja bagi penyandang tunarungu. Hasil dari penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi pedoman bagi dunia kerja yaitu pelaku usaha dan industri dalam memperkerjakan karyawan tunarungu. Bagi sekolah hasil penelitian ini menjadi sumber informasi dalam mengembangkan program vokasional yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan dunia kerja. Sehingga peserta didik tunarungu lebih siap dalam memasuki dunia kerja karena ada keterkaitan (link) dan kesepadanan (match) antara tujuan pendidikan dengan kebutuhan dunia kerja. Topic: Special Needs Education 251 BECOMING AUTONOMOUS PARENTS IN GIVING INTERVENTION TO CHILDREN WITH AUTISM: IS IT POSSIBLE?Herlina, Rudi Susilana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) need intervention to deal with social interaction difficulties. However, the fact that intervention may cost a lot of money on the one hand and that parents have potentials to overcome their difficulties on the other hand has inspired initiative to involve parents in giving intervention to children with ASD. Studies have shown that parent training, social skill training group, and cognitive behavioral therapy are useful and promising intervention strategies for improving childrens social skills. This study was aimed at studying the effectiveness of parent training in improving of parents’ skills and independence in designing and implementing the individualized social skills intervention program and the effectiveness of parental independent intervention in improving children with ASD. This study was carried out in two phases involving two group of subjects: parents in the training phase and children in the intervention phase. The results showed that the independent intervention program was effective in improving the parents’ skills and independence in designing and implementing the individualized social skill intervention program and that parental intervention was effective in improving the social skills of his child diagnosed with ASD. Topic: Special Needs Education 252 The readiness of College Students as Prospective Teachers in Elementary School for Serving Children with Special NeedsDr. Dedy Kurniadi, M.Pd. dan Drs. Sunaryo, M.Pd. Departemen Pendidikan Khusus Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The purpose of this research is to find out how the readiness of the teacher’s prospective for Primary school at the one of Universities in Indonesia in they serving the exceptional Children (children with special needs). The sample is taken from the students of Teacher Education of Elementary School (PGSD), The Data of readiness student teachers in serving exceptional children is obtained through the test of Comprehension the basic concept of Education of exceptional children and comprehension of the ways of serving disabilities children, The data collected are then processed using simple statistics, namely the quartile the result of the data showed that students do not have the readiness to serve children with special needs, viewed from their understanding of basic concept of children with special needs as well as their understanding of the ways serving the exceptional children. Topic: Special Needs Education 253 High School History Education and Education for Sustainable Development. An Integrated Curriculum ApproachDeri Hendriawan(a), Mohammad Ali(b), Rusman(c) a. derihendriawan[at]gmail.com b. Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia c. Prodi Pengembangan Kurikulum Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This study aims at exploring the idea of integrating education for sustainable development (ESD) into high school history curriculum. The foci of analysis comprise of: 1) mapping out key competencies inherent in the history subject that fits with ESD principles; 2) identifying historical knowledge that could be infused into ESD approach; 3) identifying ESD underlying principles that closely relate to history’s key competencies; 4) designing teaching and assessment approaches that would foster the integrated nateure of history education and ESD. This study employs design and development approach for curriculum development and ADDIE for curriculum implementation to identify key factors affecting the integration of history education and ESD. The study implies that policy makers, curriculum developers as well as history teachers should consider the ways to engage students in taking real action to their surrounding environments in order to promote their appreciations and concerns to the values of living sustainably. Topic: Sustainable education 254 EDUCATION INTEGRATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ON CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION OF ISLAMIC RELIGION EDUCATION IN THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLKomarudin, Mohammad Ali, Rusman a. UNSWAGATI Cirebon b. Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia c. Prodi Pengembangan Kurikulum Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This study attempts to explore planning, implementation and effectiveness of an integrated Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) curriculum on Islamic religion education (PAI) subject in high school. The content of the high school curriculum has not explicitly or implicitly included the ESD. The implementation of ESD values in PAI learning in high school and Indonesian society is generally low. The method used in conducting this research is design and development, with five research stages. First, identify the research problem; secondly, formulate the objectives; third, create the design and develop the artifact; fourth, test the artifact; fifth, evaluate the results of artifact testing. Data collection was conducted by need assessment survey method. The survey was conducted to explore the ESD-related competencies required. Surveys were conducted on a number of high school students in West Java Indonesia, selected by multi stage sampling technique. The obtained data were analyzed using statistical descriptive and inferential statistics of Chi square and cross tabulation. The results of the needs assessment survey in the form of various competencies were then used to design and develop curriculum and module of ESD, by applying the model of ADDIE curriculum development. Result of research can give benefits to educators, learners, and principals. The strategy of implementing ESD values can be conducted through integrating the values into the subjects in the local content, extracurricular, customization and culture and the integration of ESD in the curriculum of PAI can mostly be conducted through habituation and culture. Topic: Sustainable education 255 The Role of Community Learning Center to Promote ESDSodikin, Yanti Shantini, Takahashi Mitsuru Tohoku University Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Community Learning Center (CLC) has a strategic role in making changes in community behavior in support of sustainable development in all countries. The development of CLC is strongly influenced by various factors affected by the growth of the country both economically, politically and socially. This article discuss about the development of CLC in Japan and Indonesia with their uniqe characteristic. The result shows that in Japan the features of kominkan after social education policy reform, especially in terms of changes in administrative system, privatization process and community participation. It related to term of kominkan in promoting education for sustainable development that corresponding in community change. The development of CLC in Indonesia known as PKBM is organized for people who cannot access formal education as alternative education services. The sustainability of the program based upon the willingness of the manager of institution in develop education services, which still depend on government funding but some of CLC willing to develop their own program based on community need Topic: Sustainable education 256 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TRAINING FOR TEACHERS OF MADRASSAS TO IMPROVE THEIR PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE AT TRAINING AND EDUCATION INSTITUTE OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS IN PALEMBANGAGUSTINA, ISHAK ABDULHAK, RUSMAN UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA Abstract The numbers of madrasas in Indonesia keeps improving but it is not well-correlated with their quality of education. Many experts said that one of the biggest factors contributing to this lack of quality is the incompetence teachers in the aspect of pedagogy. For improving the teachers’ pedagogical competence, Ministry of Religious Affairs (MORA) have had various trainings for madrasas’ teachers. However the implementation of the training had some problems to investigate. The writers evaluated the implementation of the training by a survey to the staff and trainers at the Training and Education Institute of Religious Affairs in Palembang. Some findings were reported, 1) lack of need analysis so not all training held were based on the users’ needs, 2) less updated data of teachers under MORA, 3) lack of coordination between the Centre of Training and Education Institute and the institution in the provinces, 4) less updated curriculum, 5) the participants of the training often did not match the requirements, 6) less representative numbers of trainers. Meanwhile, some problems from the trainers were also listed. Firstly, there was no follow-up toward the alumni, that made the trainers had no access to the training outcomes. Secondly, the teachers were not well distributed as the participants of the training. Thirdly, the evaluation on the impacts were not held in the institution in the provinces so the instructors had no clues about the impacts of the training. The recommendations were made based for improving the quality of the training for madrasas’ teachers. Topic: Teachers’ Development Program 257 CARING BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS OF THE GUIDANCE INSTITUTION FOR CHILDREN (LPKA) OFFICERSSri Maslihah, M.Aries Musthofa, Gemala Nurendah Departement of Psychology Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The aims of this studi is to get empirical data about the description of caring behavior of The Guidance Institution For Children (LPKA) officers in the perception of students of LPKA. This is based on the urgency of the role of LPKA officers in the process of coaching children in conflict with the law that underwent coaching in LPKA. This research took place in LPKA Bandung and LPKA Tangerang. The research will use mix-methods research design which is a combination of quantitative-qualitative design. The first phase of the research was collecting data using quantitative method involving 68 samples consisting of 45 students of LPKA Bandung and 23 students of LPKA Tangerang. The second stage is an interview to four students of LPKA. The research results showed caring behavior of the students against LPKA students perceived by the students of LPKA include caring of the officer to the physical condition of the students, the food needs of the students and the more emotional assistance especially when the students of LPKA have the problem. The caring behavior of the officers to the students of LPKA is capable of replacing the parents figure for the students of LPKA. For further research it is suggested to examine the relationship of caring behavior with other variables especially in positive psychology approach so that it can be found the variables that can support the development of positive potential in the students of LPKA. Topic: Teachers’ Development Program 258 Interkorelasi Dimensi Proses Identitas dengan Kualitas HidupHelli Ihsan(a*), MIF Baihaqi(b), Lira Fessia Damayanti(c) a) Department of Psychology, Indonesian University of Education Jalan Setiabudhi 229, Bandung, Indonesia *helli_psi[at]upi.edu b) Department of Psychology, Indonesian University of Education Jalan Setiabudhi 229, Bandung, Indonesia *mif_ba[at]yahoo.com c) Department of Psychology, Indonesian University of Education Jalan Setiabudhi 229, Bandung, Indonesia *lfdamayanti[at]gmail.com Abstract Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui interkorelasi antara Identity Exploration, Identity Commitment, dengan Quality of Life. Selain itu juga diteliti apakah ada perbedaan Quality of Life antar Status Identitas. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada remaja akhir dan dewasa awal yang berjumlah 118 partisipan yang mengisi kuesioner melalui online. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa identity exploration berhubungan negatif dan lemah dengan quality of life. Sementara itu Identity Commitment berhubungan positif dan lemah dengan Quality of Life. Hasil lain menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan Quality of Life antara Status Identitas Achievement, Moratorium, Foreclosure, dan Diffusion. Hasil penelitian ini memberi gambaran yang berbeada dari penelitian-penelitian sebelumnya yang menunjukkan bahwa dimensi status identitas berkaitan secara positif dengan kualitas psikologis individu seperti self-esteem dan subjective well-being, tetapi penelitian ini menghasilkan hasil sebaliknya antara identity exploration dengan quality of life. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 259 Education for Children in Consumer Decision MakingAnastasia Wulandari, M.Psi, Lovely Dena Pratiwi Putri Psychology Departement Faculty of Education Indonesian Education University Abstract Children will not only become consumers today, but also become consumers in the future. This is due to the habits of childhood that will somewhat affect the behavior of adults, including when they are being consumers (Coakley, 2003). Thus, it is important for the mother to introduce the consumer function to the early childhood (Ward, 1979) by involving the child in the process of purchasing or shopping. This research uses descriptive qualitative research method. The study respondents were mothers with children aged 3-7 or at a perceptual stage, in which the mother was confronted with a childs demand based on minimal product information (John, 1999). The method used in data collection is in-depth interview. The results of the study found that the mother has started to introduce the function of the consumer since early childhood. Mom introduces to the child the buying process, purchase priority, money use efficiency to consideration in buying decision making. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 260 EFFECT OF ELECTRIC FIELDS ON NORMAL FIBROBLAST (BJ) CELLSOmat Rachmat1, Ilma Fiddiyanti1, Dewi Ratih 1, Sri 1, W Warsito4 , Firman Alamsyah4 , Ervi Afifah4 1Faculty of Medicine, University of Padjadjaran, Bandung 40163, West Java, Indonesia 2Faculty of Medicine, University of Jenderal Achmad Yani, Cimahi, West Java, Indonesia 3Edwar Technology Co.,Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia 4Biomolecular and Biomedical Research Center, Aretha Medika Utama, Jl. Babakan Jeruk II no. 9, Bandung 40163, West Java, Indonesia Abstract Background: Electric fields (EFs) has been reported to affect living tissues. Effects of EFs as anticancer have been recently developed. Designing a therapy that specifically recognize and kills cancer cells without affecting normal cells, has been a recent objective in theranostics. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of EFs on normal fibroblast cells (BJ cells). Method: Cells were incubated for 2, 4, and 6 days with frequency of 50 KHz, 100 KHz, 150 KHz, 200 KHz, 300 KHz. Parameters measured were cells number and viability. Cells number and viability assesment was performed with MTS. Results: Number of BJ cells increased each day, compared to 0 day. Number of cells in each day showed no significant difference among treatment of EFs. There was no significant difference of cells viability among treatments each day, and among treatments-0 days, that indicate EFs showed no toxicity toward BJ cells. Conclusion: The result of present study showed there was no significant difference among treatment of EFs in normal fibroblast cells. These results indicate EFs did not affect proliferation in normal cell. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 261 THE CHANCE OF GIFTED INTELLIGENT STUDENTS’ SUCCESS IN CAREERRini Sugiarti Psychology Department, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Semarang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Abstract It is found that in some cases in the working world, workers who tend to have satisfactory academic achievement do not always have career as bright as their intellectual capacity. This study employs qualitative-phenomenological approach which is aimed at describing the chance of success in career in gifted intelligent students. Method used is interview. The subject in this study is gifted intelligent students who live in a dormitory. It is found that Soft Skill is the quality of interpersonal and personal attribute that an individual has that influences success at work. This study has identified 10 soft skills that is believed to be the most important and necessary to be mastered in order to gain success in career for gifted intelligent students. The ten soft skills are Continuous Learning, Good orientation & futuristic thinking, Effort & responsibility, Hardworking, Actively asking question, Enthusiastic, Self management, Positive vibes to team or classmates, Emphaty, dan Respect to others. From the result, in conclusion, the chance of career success of gifted intelligent students is closely related to their soft skills. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 262 Does identity status influence marriage readiness among early adults in Bandung City?Ifa H. Misbach, Syahnur Rahman, Lira Fessia Damaianti Universitas Pendidikan Indoensia Abstract This study aims to identify the influence between identity status toward marriage readiness among early adult in Bandung, West Java. This study used quantitative method. The sample selected by purposive sampling technique with 118 subjects between 21-45 years old. The instrument used to collect the data of identity status was Ego Identity Process Questionnaire (EIPQ)adapted from Balistreri, Rossnagel & Geisinger (1995) and marriage readiness was Personal Readiness Scale (PREP-M) adapted from Holman, Busby, & Larson (1989). The data analysis used in this research was Multiple Regression technique. Results of this study show influence between identity status toward marriage readiness with coefficient correlation of 0.399 (F=10.888, p<0.05), thereby, marriage readiness variation explained by identity status are 15.9% (r2 = 0.159). Then, there was a difference found between marriage readiness and identity status with sex. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 263 Pro-environmental behavior intention modelHetti Rahmawati Universitas Negeri Malang (State University of Malang) Faculty of Psychology Semarang Street No. 5, Malang 65145, Indonesia hetti.rahmawati.fppsi[at]um.ac.id Abstract Proenvironmental behavior intention is one of predisposition factor used to maintain the quality of the environment. There were some factors formed the pro-environmental behavior intention. It can be explained through rational and moral framework. Attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control related with behavioral intention was its rational framework. While the moral factor is personal norm. The objective of this research is to know whether positive influence from the attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and personal norm toward pro-environmental behavior intention. The relation between variables is constructed through the model of pro-environmental behavior intention within rational and moral framework. This research is a quantitative research that uses survey method. The subjects of the research are 268 college university students from Yogyakarta, Malang, and Surabaya. Data was collected using the scale of pro-environmental behavior intention, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, personal norm. Data was analyzed using structural equation model with the value of chi-square= 33.436 (p>0.05); value of GFI= 0.975 (≥0.90); value of RMSEA=0.038 (≤0.08); value of CFI=0.990 (>0.90). The result shows that the hypothesis is accepted, that there is positive influences of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and personal norm toward pro-environmental behavior intention. The factors of rational and moral framework can simultaneously describe the pro-environmental behavior intention of the university students. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 264 Profil Karakter Kindness Siswa Taman Kanak-KanakEuis Kurniati, Syamsu Yusuf, L.N, Juntikan Nurihsan, Nandang Rusmana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan profil karakter kindness siswa TK di Bandung. Secara khusus juga mendeskripsikan profil berdasarkan dimensi-dimensi dalam karakter kindness. Metode yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif, yang berusaha mendeskripsikan suatu gejala, peristiwa, kejadian yang terjadi pada saat sekarang. Penelitian dilakukan dengan mengamati siswa kelas A dan B sebanyak 286 siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari setengah siswa menunjukkan profil karakter kindness yang berada pada kategori berkembang baik, kemudian sisanya berada pada kategori mulai berkembang dan hanya sebagian kecil saja yang belum berkembang. Mementingkan kepentingan bersama (altruistic love) merupakan dimensi yang sebagian besar telah ditunjukkan oleh anak, salah satu kegiatan yang kerap ditunjukkan oleh anak adalah kegiatan bermain bersama. Hasil penelitian tersebut menunjukkan bahwa pada dasarnya sekolah telah memiliki komitmen dalam pengembangan karakter bagi peserta didik, hal tersebut juga menunjukkan bahwa manusia sebagai mahluk sosial yang selalu ingin bersama orang lain dan membutuhkan orang lain. Namun demikian, strategi/program yang disusun perlu ditetapkan sebagai kegiatan yang sistematis dan holistik di sekolah, dan pelibatan teman sebaya dalam suatu kegiatan kelompok dapat membantu siswa lain untuk memperoleh kesempatan dalam mengembangkan karakter kindness. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 265 CHILDREN’S ABILITY IN RESPONDING TO EARLY LITERACY AT KINDERGARTENDoddy Rusmono, Angga Hadiapurwa, Gema Rullyana Perpustakaan dan Informasi Abstract The present study deals with an analysis of the ability of children at their early age in responding to Early Literacy (EL). Backround to the study is the fact that Indonesian children’s reading interest is low. This phenomenon leads to a query phrased as “ What ability do children have in responding to Early Literacy at their early age in Kindergarten?” The aim of the study is to describe a picture of the children’s response to EL.The method used in this study is analitical descriptive employing questionnaires, interview, and observation with children, their teachers and their parents as respondents. Findings of the study include children’s ability in reading mainly and writing. Strategy of developing the children’s ability the right way is needed to guide them in strenghtening their initial ability. The children’s ability being revealed results in positive impact bringing with it accurate information on children’s future chance of getting properly literate as a part of learning community. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 266 Students’ Motivation in Studying PsychologySitti Chotidjah Departemen Psikologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Abstract This study was conduced on third semester students enrolled in the Department of Psychology, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI). The research subjects were 85 people. The purpose of this exploratory study was to figure out the subjects’ reasons for enrolling in the Department of Psychology. To achieve this purpose, a qualitative approach was employed. The data were collected through an open-ended questionnaire consisting two questions. The result revealed that 65.9 % of students expressed that psychology was their first choice, and 27.5% and 7.5% said that it was their second and third choice respectively. They decided to be majored in psychology based on their personal free-will. Data of students who chose psychology as their first choice were analyzed following a grounded theory framework using open coding, axial coding, and selective coding method (Strauss & Corbin, 1990). It was revealed that there were five categories of students’ reasons for choosing psychology: (1) personal interest, (2) desire to understand human behavior, (3) future career opportunities, (4) the significance of psychology in everyday life (5) others. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 267 Competences of the 21st century: Social-emotional competences of gifted accelerated students in the IndonesiaEka Sakti Yudha, Sunaryo Kartadinata, Nandang Rusmana Indonesia University of Education Abstract The purpose of this study is to examine social-emotional competences of gifted accelerated students in perspective of self, peer and teacher. Social-emotional competences related to self-awareness, social-awareness, self-management and relationship management. The 148 participants were randomly chosen from senior high school who participated in accelerated program in Indonesia. The social-emotional inventory (self-perspective, peer-perspective and teacher-perspective) was administered (75 items). The results showed there are no significant differences between self, peer and teacher perspective related to social-emotional competences of gifted accelerated students. We also found that social-emotional competences of gifted accelerated students in competent and mastery level. Implication are discussed including important questions raised by this study and the need for guidance and counseling services especially for gifted accelerated students. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 268 IDENTIFYING A READING PATTERN THROUGH SIMILARITY OF BLOOD GROUPSusanti Agustina; Doddy Rusmono Perpustakaan dan Informasi UPI Abstract Biological information in the present study is limited to four types of blood groups namely A, B, O, and AB blood groups.Type of blood groups is genotive in nature and will not change the rest of a man’s life. A bood group is one of genetic biological structures which has influence on human behaviour a great deal. Blood group type proves to be the easiest and cheapest genetics identification tool. Blood group is considered functioning as a prognosys and pseudoscience. The method used in the present study was a survey. Sampling was done on 80 individuals of 100 student population aged between 17 and 40 years. Random sampling was chosen with stratification. Population was grouped in the strata with homogenous sample unit from a type of blood group. Each sample’s blood group was obtained from medical records at laboratory examination at the University Health Center. Empirical finding following the present study shows that there is a behavioural pattern of reading book representing similarity to an individual with similar type of blood group in a classical session. This phenomenon needs to be proven. The focus of survey on reading behaviour comprises the followings: first, habits emerged when reading book takes place; second, book selecting time; third, reading style; fourth, reading books presentation; fifth, the most dominant purpose of reading book – of which aim is to put book reading behaviour pattern on individuals into a mode of mapping based on their type of blood groups. Result from the study as expected is firstly, a scientific base on a reading book theory. Secondly, an identification model of user’s profile to develop reading services program at various kinds of libraries. Thirdly, a way of making it easier for librarian to conduct a reader’s advisory work in a reading interest. Foutrhly, collecting a reading book as it is presented to the users appropriate with individuals’ behaviours. Practical implication of the prsent study is that blood type isuseful in identifying one’s behavioral pattern of reading book. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 269 The Importance of Multicultural based Education in Indonesia to Avoid the Conflict and Issue of DisintegrationHiqma Nur Agustina Universitas Islam Syekh-Yusuf Abstract Indonesia is known for diversity in many aspects of life that can not be avoided. The current social and cultural crisis as a result of the lack of understanding of Indonesian society about the multicultural conditions we have. The importance of inculcating multicultural education to the younger generation so that there are no longer issues of gender, ethnicity, race, culture, social strata and religion. The curriculum of applied multicultural education refers to tolerance, ethno-cultural and religious differences, the dangers of discrimination, conflict resolution and mediation, human rights, democracy and plurality, universal humanity. The problems that arise in Indonesia today because the society is still full of discrimination and racist. Multicultural-based education prepares students for not easily provoked on issues that divide unity and unity among the nations children. Another challenge facing the Indonesian people with such diverse socio-cultural aspects is to unite them into a force that can uphold the diversity and diversity of its people. Finally, multicultural-based education is intended as a means of breaking conflict and disharmonization that occurs in Indonesia’s society. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 270 Factors Causing Bullying in School Based Perceptions of Male and Female Students in LampungMujiyati, Sofwan Adiputra Department of Education Psychology and Guidance, Indonesia University of Education Abstract Bullying is defined as the aggressive behavior of one or more people who deliberately tries to harm others over time, in situations of power imbalance. This study aims to reveal the factors causing bullying in schools from the perceptions of male and female students. The research method using ex post facto and the sample was 66 students of class X SMK K.H. Ghalib Pringsewu Lampung consisting of 33 male students and 33 female students. The instrument used is a questionnaire about bullying. Data analysis technique used is parametric statistic with manova test. The results showed that male students had negative perceptions of parental parenting and positive perceptions of brokenhome as a factor causing bullying behavior compared with female students. The results of this study are expected to be considered as a consideration for teachers, parents and communities when developing and implementing bullying prevention programs in schools. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 271 DEVELOPMENT FOR MODEL OF LEARNING TO Z GENERATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATIONErnawulan Syaodih, and Hany Handayani Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia STKIP Purwakarta Abstract The article entitled the development in model of learning for child Z-generation. The article is a literature review. This literature review aims to explain the importance of the development in model of learning in early childhood for the development of all potential children in the Z-generation. Z-generation there is also a call Net-Generation, or generation internet is a generation born from X-generation and Y-generation. Z-generation is synonymous with a variety of highly sophisticated in digital technology, including laptop, mobile phone, internet, twitter, youtube, facebook, Ipad, Line, Whatsapp, instagram and various sophisticated applications. Z-generation is one of their superior generation capable of accessing all information through the internet very quickly and easily. Z-generation has several characteristics among them is this generation is a generation of technology literacy, multitasking and have the ability of social/ efficiency in communication. Some efforts that can be done both in school in developing the ability of children in the Z generation include through the development of various models of learning that can be applied in schools. Model of learning is instructional model of instructional games and modeling learning Flowchart simulation. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 272 Democracy and Early Childhood EducationFitria Ulfah, Hani Yulindrasari, Vina Adriany Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Democracy conveys justice, equality and inclusivity. Understanding democracy involves a long process of learning about egalitarian values and rights. Young children are future subjects of democracy and potential agents of egalitarian society. Thus, the values of democracy should be introduced as early as possible to build a comprehensive understanding of justice and equality in future generations. Democracy in early childhood education (ECE) has drawn western scholars’ attention in the past view years. In Indonesian context, research about democracy in ECE is very limited due to exclusive assumption that democracy is an adult subject. This article analyses existing literature about democracy in early childhood education. It investigates the theoretical framework and methodology used in the related research to develop insights to start researching democracy in Indonesian early childhood education. Topic: The Indonesian young generation profile: perspective 21st century 273 Teachers and School Principals Opinion on Guidance and Counseling Services at Elementary SchoolArie Rakhmat Riyadi, Syamsu Yusuf LN, and M. Sholehuddin Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to find out the opinions of teachers and school principals about guidance and counseling services in Elementary School including policy, and services implementation. This research used survey method by combining qualitative approach with quantitative. There were 22 subjects, consist of 10 teachers and 12 principals from public Elementary Schools all of them are the partner of Primary School Teachers Education, Pedagogical Department, Faculty of Educational Science, Indonesia University of Education, Indonesia. The tool to reveal the data using a questionnaire with some open questions. The data are qualitatively analyzed through the stages of verification, grouping, and display data. While the quantitative data obtained using categorical data coding based on responses arising from the respondents. The results found fundamental and objective field fact which confirms that guidance and counseling services in elementary schools have not been exist and yet implemented optimally based on the policy that has been made. The research conclusions confirmed that teachers and principals have not yet comprehensively understood delivering the guidance and counseling services in their schools. Research recommendation mainly focuses on policy research analysis on Ministerial Regulation no. 111 the year 2014 on the provision of guidance and counseling services, especially in elementary schools. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 274 Hypnosis and Neuro-Linguistic Programming Based Counseling to Enhance Personal Mental HealthJuntika Nurihsan and Arie Rakhmat Riyadi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Over a Traumatic Event, sometimes people not easily recover. Mental health problems are the main issue of the research, especially related to trauma. Trauma and mental health are related to the mechanism of the mind. Hypnosis and neuro-linguistic programming relate to it. The goals of this research are to found counseling model based on hypnosis and neuro-linguistic programming which effectively to enhance personal mental health. The study used experimental method, with pre-post control group design. The subject of the research was the person (counselee) which identified having a traumatic event in their lives. The model constructed by the principle knowledge, tools, and procedures of hypnosis and neuro-linguistic. The result of the research is the validated model of counseling, and the amount of increased personal mental health of the research of the subject. The researchers conclude that hypnosis and neuro-linguistic programming based counseling effectively enhance personal mental health. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 275 Holistic Based Self-Therapy Training to Develop Professional Counselors Personal CompetenceCece Rakhmat and Arie Rakhmat Riyadi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Personal competence is one of the highly important aspects of the professional counselor. The professional education program of guidance and counseling teacher need some alternative curriculum, especially in increase counselors self-therapy skills. This research aimed to have a training model based on a holistic approach to enhance those skills. The method of the study was single subjects in a group of participants with 13 subjects around. The results of the study clearly develop the personal competence of the member judge by the therapy skills which is increased during the training sessions. This concludes the training model work effectively to enhancing counselor self-therapy skills in idea to gain personal competence of professional counselor criteria. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 276 DEVELOPING WISDOM OF MULTICULTURAL COUNSELOR THROUGH REFLECTIVE LEARNING: IDEAS FOR COUNSELOR EDUCATION IN 21st CENTURYHerdi, Sunaryo Kartadinata, and Agus Taufiq Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The quality of multicultural counselor’s personality is a major factor affecting the effectiveness of relationships, processes, and outcomes of counseling. Wisdom is considered as an educational goal, especially in higher education level, a fundamental quality of counselor personality, and the essential foundation of effective multicultural counseling. Without a wise multicultural counselor, the “cultural encounter” between counselor and counselee can lead to cultural bias, cultural bond, ethnocentrism, encapsulated, conflict, and even failures of relationships, processes, and counseling results. One effort that can be considered to develop the wisdom of multicultural counselor candidate is to apply reflective learning in counselor education programs. Reflective learning is appropriate because wisdom will develop if multicultural counselor candidate has opportunities to reflect, to internalize, and to integrate experiences. This article discusses the conceptual framework and praxis of multicultural counselor wisdom and its development through reflective learning in 21st century counselor education program. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 277 CULTIVATING WISDOM, HARVESTING PEACE: STRENGTHENING MULTICULTURAL COUNSELOR COMPETENCIES FOR 21st CENTURYHerdi, Sunaryo Kartadinata, and Agus Taufiq Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Multicultural counselors are constantly faced with various conflicts of interests, either intrapersonal, interpersonal, and extrapersonal. Wise and effective multicultural counselors are predicted and required to balance and to resolve the conflicts in order to achieve common good and peace. Therefore, wisdom and peace are considered the goals of education and indicators of 21st century competence. The purpose of the research was to examine the relationship between wisdom and peace of counselor candidates. A correlation method was employed in this research. The sample covered 42 counselor candidates who are students of second semester in the Guidance and Counseling Department, Universitas Negeri Jakarta. The research used Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (Webster, 2003, 2007)-Short Version of adaptation and Peace Scale of Multicultural Counselors that has been tested for validity and reliability for its data collection. The data analysis of this research included correlation and regression analysis. The results show that there is a significant positive relationship between the wisdom and peace of multicultural counselor candidates. The research implications of counselor education program are also discussed in this article. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 278 CULTIVATING WISDOM OF MULTICULTURAL COUNSELOR CANDIDATES THROUGH DYADIC, TRIADIC, AND GROUP SUPERVISIONSAgus Taufiq and Herdi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Wisdom is one of the crucial prerequisites of personality competence for multicultural counselor. It determines the success of relationships, processes, and outcomes of counseling. Wisdom is also considered as one of the goals of education in higher education level. Supervision is an essential component, playing a fundamental role, and an integral part of counselor education program in developing and ensuring personal and professional competence, including wisdom. Dyadic, triadic, and group supervisions are strategies of creative supervision that are predicted to influence the development of wisdom of multicultural counselor candidates effectively. This article discusses the conceptual framework and praxis of wisdom development through dyadic, triadic, and group supervisions in 21st century counselor education and supervision . Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 279 Development Hi2-CounseLink as Online Counseling Software Based on Android Platform: Product InspectionsHafit Riansyah, Itsar Bolo Rangka, Ifdil Universitas Indraprasta PGRI Jakarta Universitas Indraprasta PGRI Jakarta Universitas Negeri Padang Abstract The development of online counseling services encouraged the need for adequate and user-friendly infrastructure and software. This study aims to evaluate the functional product to avoid the most common source of problems in the Hi2-CounseLink software development process. This software is developed for individual counseling services by adapting the development model of The Rapid Prototyping Model. The product analysis involves application developer’s android based, counseling expert and counseling practitioners as customers. The research findings show that Hi2-CounseLink rated quite well by software and counseling experts and the customers. However, modifying of this software is needed, especially with regard to broadcast receivers, data credentials, font selection, and software security systems. For the next stage, author decided to refine and revision the prototype of Hi2-CounseLink. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 280 ETHIC AND WISDOM: STRENGTHENING MULTICULTURAL COUNSELOR COMPETENCIES FOR 21st CENTURYAgus Taufiq and Herdi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract The purpose of the research was to examine the relationship between ethic and wisdom of multicultural counselor candidates. A correlation method was employed in this research. The sample covered 489 counselor candidates who are students of six semester from 11 Guidance and Counseling Department in Indonesia. The research used Ethic Dimension of Indonesian Counselor Wisdom Scale (Herdi, 2016) and Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (Ardelt, 2003) that has been tested for validity and reliability for its data collection. The data analysis of this research included correlation and regression analysis. The results show that there is a significant positive relationship between the ethic and wisdom of multicultural counselor candidates. The research implications of counselor education program are also discussed in this article. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 281 Femininity, Masculinity, and Androgyny: Minority Students’ Gender Role IssuesIpah Saripah, Nur Fitri Rosdianti Guidance and Counseling Department Faculty of Educational Sciences UPI Abstract This study was intended to describe the minority students’ gender orientation including their visible characteristics. To this end, this research used qualitative approach in narrative case study framework. It was carried out by analyzing three research subjects. The data was obtained from BSRI (Bem Sex Role Inventory) supported with interviews and observations. The result showed that the three research subjects have different gender role orientation; masculine, feminine and androgyny. It is implied that guidance and counseling programs at school are strongly required in order to develop the students’ gender awareness. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 282 Trajectory Learning Model to Develop Counselors PersonalitySyamsu Yusuf L.N., Nani M. Sugandhi, Ipah Saripah, Nandang Budiman Guidance and Counseling Department Faculty of Educational Sciences UPI Abstract This study aims to obtain Trajectory Learning Model to develop counselor’s personality. The approach used in this study is research and development with descriptive method and quasi-experiment. The subjects were students of the Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance (PBB) of Faculty of Education UPI, UNY and UM. The study was implement in three stages (years). The finding in the first stage was an overview that most students of Educational Psychology and Guidance have medium counselor personality and the development has not been optimal. Based on research findings and literature review, the output obtained was a technology in the field of guidance and counseling, the hypothetical model of Trajectory Learning and the accompanying instruments to develop the counselor personality of students of the Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance. The recommendations from the study are for the educational institutions who organize Guidance and Counseling Education and further study. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 283 Islamic CounselingSyamsu Yusuf LN Universitas Pendidikan indonesia Abstract ISLAMIC COUNSELING Enlightenment Process Towards A Prosperous Personal and Social Life Syamsu Yusuf LN Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Setiabudi No. 229 Bandung, Indonesia Departemen Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia syamsu@upi.edu Keywords: Islamic Counseling, Sakinah, Mawaddah, Rahmah Abstract Islamic counseling is a helping process that facilitates individual (human being) to have awareness and commitment to be “back to religion”, return to humanity nature as a religious being. In the course of this counseling, an individual can reach enlightenment in arranging pattern of life, either the pattern of attitude, thought, and behavior towards wellness personal and social life, peace-spirited (sakinah), mutual love (mawaddah), and excited to build prosperous life (rahmah) together. An individual who have been able to internalize the values of sakinah, mawaddah, and rahmah, will be spared from the atmosphere of mental illness or psychological illness (amraadul quloob), such as individualistic, exploitative (greedy or gluttonous and violence/radical), bourgeoisie, materialistic, and hedonistic (hub-ud-dunyaa wakarahiyat-ul maut), which trigger life catastrophe on this earth. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 284 Model of Development of Counseling Communication Skills for Guidance and Counseling TeachersDr. Suherman, M.Pd and Dra. Aas Saomah, M.Si Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance Counseling Faculty of Educational Sciences, Indonesia University of Education Abstract Abstract The growth of effective communication between guidance and counseling teachers and students is a facility to achieve the goal of guidance and counseling in schools. Quality of communication will psychologically stimulate students to involve themselves intensively in the process of providing treatment. This condition will encourage students to open themselves to understand the personal characteristics, and willing to work together to explore various alternatives for self-development, making choices and decisions, and solving their problems. Students who are less open to guidance and counseling teachers are motivated by various factors, including allegedly by low professional competence of guidance and counseling teachers in developing communication that facilitates the provision of assistance for students. Thus, guidance and counseling teachers need to have the communication competence, in order to improve the effectiveness of aid in guidance and counseling services. The dimensions of the communication shall include: (a) the empathic behavior; (b) the acceptance and respect of students; (c) the warmth and attention; (d) openness and sincerity; and (e) concreteness and specificity of expression. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 285 KERANGKA KERJA BIMBINGAN UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN KEMANDIRIAN SISWA TUNAGRAHITA SEDANG BERDASARKAN PENDEKATAN PERILAKUDr. Iding Tarsidi, M.Pd. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract Kemandirian bagi siswa tunagrahita sedang mengarah kepada pengembangan keterampilan perilaku adaptif, terutama keterampilan mengurus diri dalam kehidupan sehari-hari (activity of daily living) dan keterampilan menyesuaikan diri dengan lingkungan (social adaptive skills). Kenyataan menunjukkan bahwa saat ini masih banyak anak tunagrahita yang sudah menyelesaikan pendidikan di sekolah khusus tunagrahita (SLB C) namun belum bisa mandiri. Penelitian ini bertujuan menemukan kerangka kerja bimbingan untuk mengembangkan kemandirian siswa tunagrahita sedang berdasarkan pendekatan perilaku, sebagai rujukan guru untuk mengembangkan keterampilan siswa dalam melakukan aktivitas kehidupan sehari-hari. Kerangka kerja bimbingan dikonstruk berdasarkan data yang diperoleh melalui instrumen wawancara, observasi, angket dan dokumentasi. Pendekatan penelitian adalah kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kerangka kerja bimbingan layak untuk diimplementasikan dengan indikator sebagai berikut: (1) perolehan keterampilan baru siswa, (2) pemenuhan kebutuhan mengurus diri atau merawat diri dalam keseharian, dan (3) antusiasme siswa dalam proses bimbingan atau pembelajaran kemandirian. Kerangka kerja bimbingan kemandirian siswa tunagrahita sedang berdasarkan pendekatan perilaku ini direkomendasikan untuk diimplementasikan guru dalam mengembangkan kemandirian siswa tunagrahita sedang di sekolah. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 286 Multicultural Counseling In Cultural Perspective IndonesiaSofwan Adiputra, Mujiyati Department of Education Psychology and Guidance, Indonesia University of Education Abstract Multiculturalism concept comes from the desire to have similarity and confession among each culture in Indonesia, with the understanding that no tribe is better than other tribes. It is the root of the nation unifying motto of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. Concept of cultural equality in Indonesia can be introduced to society through education, which can be implemented into counseling programs in the School. The implementation of multicultural counseling is expected to facilitate individuals to be responsible person for themselves, society, and God. The application of multicultural counseling is divided into two perspectives, the first is viewing culture from a universal perspective (ethics). This perspective emphasizes that the most basic element of counseling is interpersonal relationships and all counseling is multicultural counseling so there is no need for theory and technique in counseling. The second perspective is viewing culture in the perspective of uniqueness (emik). This perspective sees the need for a collaboration between current theories and techniques on the unique values of Indonesian culture. The direction of multicultural counselings development to Indonesia will make the culture as the basis in an effort to build interpersonal relationship between counselor and counselee. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 287 The Effectiveness of Symbolic Modeling Techniques for Students’ Emphatic Development (Quasi Experiment on 8th Grade Students of SMP Negeri 1 Lembang in 2015/2016 Academic Year)Sindi Tia Nopianti, Anne Hafina Indonesia University of Education Abstract Empathy is an important competence to be developed because empathy is the basis of social skills that can makes individual will have better social interaction and be able to socialize. Symbolic modeling technique is a technique in guidance and counseling to provide assistance by observing the behavior through video, film, pictures and stories. This research’s purpose was to test the effectiveness of symbolic modeling technique in developing the empathy of students of 8th Grade of SMP Negeri 1 Lembang in 2015/2016 academic year. The method used was quasi experiment with nonequivalent control group research design. The data was analyzed by using nonparametric statistics through Mann-Whitney test. Based on the Mann-Whitney test in the experimental group, the significance value is 0.005. The value of significance is smaller than α = 0.05, means that there is a significant difference between the experimental group’s pre-test and post-test data. While in the control group, the significance value of Mann Whitney test result is 0.857. The value of significance is greater than α = 0.05, means that there is no significant difference between the control groups pre test and post-test data. Thus show that the symbolic modeling technique is effective to develop the students’ empathy. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 288 The Configuration of Career Identity Factor of Prospective Students at Indonesia University of EducationSunaryo Kartadinata, Anne Hafina, Yusi Riksa Yustiana, Ilfiandra Indonesia University of Education Abstract Currently, the curriculum of teacher education still focuses on the development of competence. Yet, teachers are required to master professional competence and to have mission that will be reflected in their identity. This study was intended to produce a model of ethno-cultural-based counseling strategies for strengthening prospective teachers’ career identity. The study was conducted within a three-year period. The first years activity was designing an ethnocultural-based model of career counseling based on configuration of career identity factor. The design of the study was a cross sectional survey and the participants were determined by multi stage cluster sampling, involving 748 UPI sudents. The instrument to identify the participants’ interests and the working attitude was Likert scale model. The instrument for reference value orientation refers to the Spranger’s theory, which views culture as a system of values. The results of the first year study show that: UPI students’ interest on being a teacher is relatively low; the students’ values of orientation reference tend to be religious and economic, while aesthetic and power do not become the dominant; the students working attitude is considered high. Thus, improvement on student selection system and sustainable career counseling aimed at strengthening students’ career identity is recommended. Topic: The new guidance and counseling services for 21st century learning 289 The Role of Teacher As A Moral Agent: A Conceptual Framework for Teachers’ Professional Ethics DevelopmentTeguh Ibrahim, Babang Robandi, Mamat Supriatna, Pupun Nuryani Primary School Teacher Education Study Program Department of Pedagogy Faculty of Education Sciences Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Abstract This paper aims to analyze the moral agency theory holistically and discuss implication the development of teachers’ professional conduct education. The research method used is the concept analyzation with generic analyzation design (McMillan & Schumacher, 2011) or the integrative review (Whittermore and Knafl, 2005). Research data sources are the result of research articles on moral agency and the development of ethics of teaching profession gathered by documentation studies and reviewed systematically. The results of this research conclude that the concept of teachers as moral agency can be understood as the double condition which covers the teacher as: 1) exemplary figures who perform professional acts ethically; and 2) as moral educators who teach the virtues of prosperity to the students so that they become human being with character. The structure of the moral agency building within the scope of the teaching profession consists of four components, namely: moral sensitivity, moral consideration, moral motivation, and moral action. This paper is expected to provide significant benefits for the development of literature on the theory of teachers’ competency development in the areas of personality, ethics, and morality competency. Topic: The roles of teachers’ Association

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